Better known as "The Justice Case", Case No. 3: U.S. v. Joseph Alstötter et al. was a war crimes trial specifically for members of the German judicial system. The defendants included nine officials in the Reich Ministry of Justice and several prosecutors of the People's Court and the Special Courts. As representatives of a Nazi judicial system that persecuted Poles, Jews, and others in occupied territories, they were accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Case No. 3 was heard by the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunal (NMT) III and was part of a second set of twelve trials that focused on the mechanisms of Nazi aggression. The bench notebooks of Judge Mallory Blair, a Texas judge appointed to the Tribunal by U.S. President Truman, include procedural materials, testimony, and personal notes relating to Case No. 3, U.S. v. Josef Alstötter, et al., jurists of the Reich Ministry of Justice.
The Women's Caucus for Gender Justice's (WCGJ) documentary footage for If Hope Were Enough contains the documentary production in English, Spanish, and French as well as raw footage of panels for the Preparatory Commission of the International Criminal Court (ICC Prepcom) and interviews with survivors of gender-based violence conducted for the documentary. If Hope Were Enough documents the ways in which women have worked to bring accountability for crimes of sexual and gender violence in conflict and non-conflict situations around the world and the struggles of gender-based violence survivors in Korea, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Rwanda, Afghanistan and Mexico.
The papers of Maurice Cranston (1920-1993) span his professional career as an author, free-lance reviewer, and professor of political philosophy. In 1967 Cranston published the influential essay "Human Rights, Real and Supposed." His papers include the page proofs for What are Human Rights? (The Bodley Head Ltd., 1973), as well as subject files related to human rights.
Roger Casement (1864–1916) was a consular diplomat, tireless campaigner for human rights, and Irish nationalist who was convicted of high treason and hanged in 1916. Although Casement's homosexuality was not an explicit factor during his trial, it was exploited afterward to discourage any case for clemency. The Ottoline Morrell (1873–1938) collection includes drafts of petitions for clemency for Roger Casement and a general account of his activities from 1914 until his arrest, as well as a small amount of correspondence with Casement's cousin, Gertrude Bannister. The Center also has a copy of Queer People (1922), written by Basil Thomson, Assistant Commissioner of Scotland Yard, which includes several pages describing his impressions of Casement during his interrogation on Easter Sunday, 1916.
The records of PEN International, a writers' organization, consist of letters and documents dating from 1921 to 1972, including correspondence from writer-members, as well as files relating to the organization's political and social activities. The aims of PEN, as outlined on their website, are to promote literature, defend freedom of expression, and develop a community of writers worldwide. To that end PEN "acts as a powerful voice in opposing political censorship and speaking for writers harassed, imprisoned, sometimes murdered for the expression of their views." The 228 boxes of records at the Ransom Center include materials related to Writers in Exile, BLED (an international gathering organized by the Slovene PEN Centre and the Writers for Peace Committee of International PEN), the Fund for Intellectual Freedom, and the London Fund for Exiled Writers.
The tutorial is tailored to working with women's human rights archival collections at the University of Texas, but can be useful for anyone doing archival research. The tutorial walks you through finding an archival collection, preparing for research, viewing archival collections, conducting archival research, and emotional and ethical engagement with archival material.
The diaries kept by George Cecil Ives (1867–1950), a contemporary of Oscar Wilde and a campaigner for penal reform and fairer treatment of homosexuals, span more than half a century (1890s–1940s) and offer rich accounts of what at least one gay man thought and did, day by day. The Center has 122 diary volumes, photographs, and correspondence, as well as documentation about the Order of Chaeronea, a secret society Ives founded for gay men. Additional Ives correspondence can be found in the archives of the British Society for the Study of Sex Psychology (BSS; 1910s–1940s). BSS, co-founded by Ives, Havelock Ellis, Edward Carpenter, and others, concerned itself with all sorts of sexual matters and from the beginning had a strong and loyal membership of homosexuals. The BSS archive contains correspondence, meeting minutes, and other documentation.
The large French collection of Carlton Lake contains several collections of particular interest to sexuality scholars. Gertrude Stein (1874–1946) knew everybody and was a prolific writer and correspondent. The Ransom Center has only a few works of hers in manuscript, including "Composition as Explanation" (1926), but holds a more significant number of letters to and from her. One group of correspondence is between Stein and Charles Henri Ford, and another large group consists of letters from Stein to the artist Sir Francis Rose (1909–1979). There is also a cache of photographs of Stein and a small archive of her secretary and companion, Alice B. Toklas (1877–1967).
Bought & Sold: An Investigative Documentary About the International Trade in Women, filmed between 1995-1997, investigates the illegal trafficking of women out of Russia and into Asia, Europe and the United States through interviews with trafficked women, traffickers, law enforcement officials, social workers, and mafia members in Russia, eastern Europe, and Japan. In partnership with WITNESS, Steve Galster, Executive Director, and Gillian Caldwell, Co-Director of the non-governmental organization Global Survival Network, filmed and conducted the investigative journalism for the documentary. In order to gain entry to trafficking networks, Galster and Caldwell established a dummy business that claimed to import foreign women. To the extent permissible by law, Galster and Caldwell secretly filmed in the environments in which trafficked women worked. Whenever possible, Galster and Caldwell disclosed their research intentions. The film was released in 1997 and received widespread media coverage in the US and abroad, including specials on ABC Primetime Live, CNN, and BBC.
The lawyer H. Montgomery Hyde (1907–1989) created a collection that documents his research on Oscar Wilde, Henry James, and Roger Casement, as well as the history of pornography. Roger Casement (1864–1916) was a consular diplomat, tireless campaigner for human rights, and Irish nationalist who was convicted of high treason and hanged in 1916. Although Casement's homosexuality was not an explicit factor during his trial, it was exploited afterward to discourage any case for clemency. The small collection created by Hyde while he was preparing The Trial of Sir Roger Casement (1960) includes a transcript of Casement's 1910 diary from when he was in Peru and Brazil, a transcript of Casement's interrogation at Scotland Yard, and other documents relating to Hyde's work and the authenticity of Casement's diaries.