The University of Texas

Old Main

The first permanent building on the UT campus was Old Main, located on a grassy knoll just north of the center of the Forty Acres, on the site of the present Main Building. Still incomplete when classes began in 1883, it did not reach its final form until 1899 when the East Wing was completed. Designed in the then-popular Victorian Gothic style, Old Main was festooned with parapets, buttresses, arched windows, and had a 160-foot centerpiece tower. (Although the building appears gray in black and white photographs, its façade was actually built of light yellow-buff bricks, the same color seen in nearby Gebauer Hall today.) The initial building cost $250,000 -- a lordly sum in the 1890s. Electric lights were installed after 1905. Virtually every aspect of University life centered in Old Main for many years: classrooms, offices, labs, library, and student facilities all shared the building at one time or another.

Old Main, ca.1884
The first part of Old Main completed was what would later be the west wing. The chemistry rooms occupied the entire bottom floor of this wing after 1885.
Old Main, ca.1889
The center portion of Old Main was completed in 1889. The large auditorium that formed the north wing (far right in photo) was completed in 1891. The library was located underneath the auditorium.

Chemical laboratories had their modest allotted space in the basement of Old Main, but for obvious reasons -- danger of fire being the foremost -- the need for a separate chemistry lab building was pointed out almost immediately. A Regents Report from December 1884 notes that "the noxious and disagreeable gases evolved in chemical work...unavoidably permeate other rooms." The entire lower floor of Old Main (i.e. what was later the west wing) was given over to the chemistry labs in 1885. The rooms were fitted with the latest equipment, including gas, water, hydrogen and oxygen connections, fume hoods, spectroscopes, balances, and assorted other appliances and instruments. But the ongoing problems of overcrowding, fumes, and a very real fire hazard argued strongly for a separate building for the Chemistry Department. [1]

Photos of Old Main

Campus, 1898

View of the UT campus from the southwest in 1898. The Chemical Laboratory is to the left of Old Main, and the stack of the first power plant (demolished 1910) can be seen between them. B Hall, prior to its 1900 expansion, is to the right.
(Photo courtesy of the Center for American History.)

Old Main, early 1900s

Old Main, seen from the south. The date is probably 1905-10. The Chemical Laboratory is on the left, and the Engineering Building (present-day Gebauer Hall) is on the right. (The latter was completed in 1904, and is now the oldest building still standing on the Forty Acres.)

Main, 1914

Old Main, looking north along University Avenue, 1914

Main, 1933

Old Main, with new Littlefield Fountain in foreground, 1933.

Despite its lavish appearance, Old Main was not built to last. The auditorium was condemned for structural problems in 1914, and the north wing was torn down in 1931 to make way for the new library building, designed by Paul Cret. Despite much protest from nostalgic alumni, the remainder was razed in 1935 to allow new Main to be finished. The Tower, completed in 1937, soon became a symbol of UT -- and Old Main faded into memory.


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