Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing a fetus or embryo from the womb before it can survive on its own.An abortion which occurs spontaneously is also known as a miscarriage. An abortion may be caused purposely and is then called an induced abortion. The word abortion is often used to mean only induced abortions. A similar procedure after the fetus can possibly survive on its own is called a "late termination of pregnancy".
Induced abortion may be performed with medication or with surgery. Cara menggugurkan kandungan The drugs mifepristone and prostaglandin are as safe and effective as surgery during the first trimester.While medical methods may work in the second trimester,surgery has lower risk of side effects.Birth control, such as the pill or intrauterine devices, can be started at once after an abortion.When allowed by local law abortion in the developed world is and has long been one of the safest procedures in medicine. Uncomplicated abortions do not cause any long term mental or physical problems.The World Health Organization recommends safe and legal abortions be available to all women.Every year unsafe abortions cause 47,000 deaths and 5 million hospital admissions.
Around 44 million abortions occur each year in the world, with a little under half done unsafely.Abortion rates have changed little between 2003 and 2008,before which they decreased for decades due to better education about family planning and birth control. As of 2008, 40% of the world's women had access to legal abortions without limits as to reason.However, there are limits on how late in pregnancy abortion is allowed.
Since ancient times abortions have been done using herbal medicines, sharp tools, with force, or through other traditional methods.Abortion laws and cultural or religious views of abortions are different around the world. In some areas abortion is legal only in special cases such as rape, problems with the fetus, poverty, risk to a woman's health, or incest.In many places there is much debate over the moral, ethical, and legal issues of abortion. Those who are against abortion largely claim that an embryo or fetus is a human with a right to life and may compare it to murder.Supporters point to a woman's right to decide over her own body and to human rights in general.
Approximately 205 million pregnancies occur each year worldwide. Over a third are unintended and about a fifth end in induced abortion.Most abortions result from unintended pregnancies.In the United Kingdom, 1 to 2% of abortions are done due to genetic problems in the fetus. A pregnancy can be intentionally aborted in several ways. The manner selected often depends upon the gestational age of the embryo or fetus, which increases in size as the pregnancy progresses.Specific procedures may also be selected due to legality, regional availability, and doctor or a women's personal preference.
Reasons for procuring induced abortions are typically characterized as either therapeutic or elective. An abortion is medically referred to as a therapeutic abortion when it is performed to save the life of the pregnant woman; prevent harm to the woman's physical or mental health; terminate a pregnancy where indications are that the child will have a significantly increased chance of premature morbidity or mortality or be otherwise disabled; or to selectively reduce the number of fetuses to lessen health risks associated with multiple pregnancy.An abortion is referred to as an elective or voluntary abortion when it is performed at the request of the woman for non-medical reasons.Confusion sometimes arises over the term "elective" because "elective surgery" generally refers to all scheduled surgery, whether medically necessary or not.