Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Content Note

Organization of Collection

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

New Washington Association, 1835-1850

Other Business Dealings, 1833-1841

Texas Revolution, 1836

University of Texas San Antonio

A Guide to the James Morgan Papers, 1833-1850



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Morgan, James.
Title: James Morgan Papers
Dates: 1833-1850
Creator Abstract: James Morgan (1787-1866) was a Texas pioneer, merchant, land speculator and Commander at Galveston during the Texas Revolution (1835-1836). He first came to Texas in 1830. In 1834, during the feverish era of speculation just prior to the Texas Revolution, Morgan organized an ambitious land venture called the New Washington Association.
Content Abstract: The collection is comprised of twenty-eight documents and letters. All but two of the documents were written before 1841. Most of the documents are related to Morgan and the establishment of the New Washington Association. Many of the documents bear Morgan’s own notes and docketing; some of them are his drafts or retaining copies.
Identification: MS 278
Extent: 0.5 linear feet (28 items)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Biographical Note

James Morgan (1787-1866) was a Texas pioneer, merchant, land speculator and Commander at Galveston during the Texas Revolution (1835-1836). He first came to Texas in 1830. An empire builder and visionary, Morgan recognized the vast potential of Texas and cast his lot with speculators in New York City and Mexico City, who made it their business to wrest Texas from Mexico and annex it to the United States, while simultaneously hoping to realize large profits from the sale of land. In 1834, during the feverish era of speculation just prior to the Texas Revolution, Morgan organized an ambitious land venture called the New Washington Association. Other members of the venture included New Yorkers Samuel Swartwout, James Treat, James Watson Webb, Thomas E. Davis, John B. Austin, John S. Bartlett, Stephen Sicard, and Walter Mead, and from Mexico City, Lorenzo de Zavala.

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Scope and Content Note

The collection is comprised of twenty-eight documents and letters. All but two of the documents were written before 1841. Most of the documents are related to Morgan and the establishment of the New Washington Association. Many of the documents bear Morgan’s own notes and docketing; some of them are his drafts or retaining copies.

This unpublished archive contains manuscripts on the Texas Revolution, including signed proclamations issued by President David G. Burnet following the Battle of San Jacinto. Included in this collection are manuscripts relating to Santa Ana’s incarceration in Texas as a prisoner of war. Republic Era manuscripts in include two letters written by Sam Houston to Colonel James Morgan.

The collection is organized into three series: New Washington Association; Other Business Dealings' and Texas Revolution. New Washington Association includes all documents related to the organization and devleopment of the association. Other Business Dealings is comprised of Morgan's other business dealings - incluing hist personal relationship with Sam Houston. Texas Revolution includes historical documents related to the Texas Revolution.

Documents are in chronological order within each series.

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Organization of Collection

New Washington Association
Other Business Dealings
Texas Revolution

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is housed at UTSA's Main Campus and must be accessed via the John Peace Library Special Collections reading room. To request access, please use the Collections Request Form.

Usage Restrictions

Please contact the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections for information about permission to publish material from the collection.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Morgan, James, 1787-1866.
Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870.
Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876.
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863.
Organizations
New Washington Association (Texas), 1834-1852.
Locations
New Washington (Tex.)--History
Texas--History--1836-1846.
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846.
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836.
Genres/Formats
Correspondence.
Local Subjects
Business
Texas History

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James Morgan Papers, MS 278, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Acquisition Information

The collection was purchased at auction from Dorothy Sloan-Rare Books, Inc., in April 1997. According to its description at auction, the collection has been in private hands since the nineteenth century. A former owner of the manuscripts, J. C. Terrell, Jr., of the Fort Worth area, passed the collections to his heirs, where it remained until it was offered for sale. Terrell is a descendent of Capt. J. C. Terrell, lawyer, business-man, Civil War officer, and author of Reminiscences of the Early Days of Fort Worth (1906).

Processing Information

The collection was processed by Dennis Medina, Special Collections Librarian and Jose Faz, student intern.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

New Washington Association, 1835-1850

Materials are arranged in chronological order.
Box Folder
1 1 Andrews, Edmund, 20 April 1835
Letter, signed to James Morgan. Brazoria, April 20,l 1835. Wreck and damage of a vessel belonging to the New Washington Association.
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2 Unknown, 23 October 1835
Manuscript, entitled, "Articles of Association 1835 NWA." New York, October 23, 1835. Twelve articles with confirmed signatures of all board members.
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3 Treat, James, 13 November 1835
Manuscript, signed. New York, November 13, 1835. Two extracts from the minutes of meetings held in October by “The Galveston Bay & Morgan Association.”
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4 Unknown, 30 August 1836
Manuscript entitled, “Proceedings at a Meeting of the New Washington Assn.” New York, August 30, 1836.
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5 Treat, James, September 1836
Letter, signed twice, to James Morgan. New York, September 10, 1836, plus long postscript dated September 14. Report of the meeting of the NWA shareholders.
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21 Baker, Moseley, 14 January 1840
Letter, signed, to James Morgan. Evergreen [Goose Creek, Harris County], January 13, 1840. Baker sends money to Morgan and asks him to look for his wines in the warehouse at New Washington.
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6 Morgan, James, 26 July 1841
Manuscript, signed, to NWA, July 26, 1841. Report on NWA discussing financial problems, assets, loss of the schooner Flash, etc.
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7 Unknown, circa 1841
Manuscript, with Morgan’s corrections, “List of Lands in Texas Owned by the N. Washington Association for which There are Deeds Obtained by the Agent J. Morgan.”
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8 Unknown, circa 1841
Manuscript, with Morgan’s corrections,: “List of Lands Secured by Title Bonds, Contracts, etc.”
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22 Morgan, James, 22 April 1850
Letter to M. Rockwell. New Washington, Galveston Bay, April 22, 1850. Regarding organization of materials for substantiating the NWA claim against the Mexican government.
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9 Patrick, George M., 26 June 1850
Certified copy of deposition. Harris County, June 26, 1850. Made to substantiate the NWA claim for damages during the Texas Revolution.
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Other Business Dealings, 1833-1841

Materials are arranged in chronological order.
Box Folder
1 18 Morgan, James, 1833-1837
Four documents in Morgan’s own hand recording business transactions between Morgan and Dr. Nicholas Labadie. All dated at Anahuac, 1833-1837.
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19 Selby, A. B., 28 January 1841
Letter, signed, to James Morgan. January 28, 1841. Shelby, a district judge, gives an opinion on what the structure of the government of the Republic of Texas should be, including its proper obligations.
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23 Houston, Sam, 29 May 1841
Letter, signed, to James Morgan. May 29, 1841. Houston asks Morgan to collect funds due him from Mr. Lee [Lea?], etc.
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20 Kissam, Jacob, 24 June 1841
Letter, signed, to James Morgan. New York, June 24, 1841. Revealing Morgan’s straits due to financial support rendered Texas during the Revolution and formation of the Republic.
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24 Houston, Sam, 30 July 1841
Letter, signed, to James Morgan. July 30, 1841. The letter relates to Houston’s bitter 1841 presidential campaign against David G. Burnet.
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Texas Revolution, 1836

Materials are arranged in chronological order.
Box Folder
1 10 Barlow, L., 26 August 1835
Letter, to L.H. Young, bookseller. Norfolk, August 26, 1835. Regarding immigration to Texas.
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11 Texas (Republic). Army, 6 June 1836
Manuscript muster rolls of troops returned to Camp Travis [Galveston Island]. June 6, 1836.
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12 Santa Anna, Antonio Lopéz de 9 June 1936
Manuscript, contemporary translation into English of Santa Anna’s protest to President David Burnet regarding his treatment while a prisoner of war following his capture after the Battle of San Jacinto. [Quintana or Velasco], June 9, 1836.
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13 Burnet, David G., 10 June 1836
Manuscript, contemporary copy of Burnet’s reply to Santa Anna’s protest (preceding). Velasco, June 10, 1836.
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14 Burnet, David G., 11 June 1836
Manuscript address, signed. Velasco, June 11, 1836. This document relates to the conduct of the New Orleans Volunteers and other citizens who became extremely exasperated with what they perceived to be their government’s temperate treatment of Santa Anna.
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15 Unknown, 14 June 1836
Treaty of Velasco. Contemporary copy or draft of the original treaty, misdated June 14 (rather than May 14), 1836.
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16 Somervell, Alexander and David G. Burnet, 14 June 1836
Manuscript written in the hand of Somervell, signed by both. Velasco, July 14, 1836. Proclamation revoking commissions issued to officers not then in actual service.
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17 Texas (Republic). Army, 20-26 July 1836
Manuscript, contemporary copy of two orders (on reverse sides). Velasco, July 20, 1836, and Quintana, July 26, 1836.
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