University of Texas San Antonio

A Guide to the Anacacho Ranche Collection, 1875-1931



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Anacacho Ranche
Title: Anacacho Ranche Collection
Dates: 1875-1931
Creator Abstract: The Anacacho Ranche, located in Kinney and Maverick Counties, Texas, was a ranch run by a firm comprised of brothers Samuel Jones Woodhull, Josiah Townsend Woodhull and Oliver Jones Woodhull. The brothers were the sons of Josiah Woodhull, birthplace unknown, and Hannah Jones Woodhull, born on Long Island, New York, and settled in San Antonio. On the ranch, the brothers raised cattle, sheep and goats.
Content Abstract: The collection spans the years 1875 through 1931 and reflects, chiefly through correspondence, the business dealings of the Woodhull brothers, as well as some aspects of their personal lives. The collection includes advertisements, bills-of-sale, correspondence, contracts, inventories, newspaper clippings, permits, receipts, and other administrative, legal and financial documents.
Identification: MS 131
Extent: 0.6 linear feet (about 125 items)
Language: Materials primarily in English; some in Spanish.
Repository University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Historical Note

The Anacacho Ranche, located in Kinney and Maverick Counties, Texas, was a ranch run by a firm comprised of brothers Samuel Jones Woodhull, Josiah Townsend Woodhull and Oliver Jones Woodhull. The brothers were the sons of Josiah Woodhull, birthplace unknown, and Hannah Jones Woodhull, born on Long Island, New York, and settled in San Antonio. On the ranch, the brothers raised cattle, sheep and goats. During the 1890s, Townsend Woodhull formed a banking partnership with his father-in-law Thomas C. Frost of San Antonio, who would later organize the Frost National Bank in San Antonio.

In addition to running the ranch, the Woodhull brothers, especially Townsend, and their families were influential in civic and cultural affairs of the area. Townsend served on several juries from 1883-1885 and, in 1885, he was appointed County Commissioner in Kinney County by Judge I. L. Martin. A later family member, Frost Woodhull, was district manager for an opponent of former Texas Governor Pat Neff in his re-election bid of 1922.


Scope and Content Note

The Anacacho Ranche papers span the years 1875 through 1931 and document the business dealings of the Woodhull brothers. The brothers formed a firm, named the Woodhull Bros., and invested in land parcels as well as the ranch. The documents offer a glimpse into daily life at the ranch and in a 19th century family, as well as conveying information about land, prices and the economy in San Antonio and South Texas, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The papers predominately cover the years 1880-1888 and are arranged into two series: Business and Personal.

The Business series includes bills-of-sale, correspondence, contracts, inventories, permits, receipts and other administrative, legal and financial documents. The series is divided into the following subseries: General, Land, and Ranch. The General business papers reflect the wide interests that the Woodhull brothers had in local Kinney County and San Antonio business deals. Documents include letters of introduction, letters asking for business opinions, promissory notes and other inquiries about debts, and receipts for articles purchased. The papers in the Land subseries generally reflect issues of buying and selling non Anacacho Ranche land parcels. Of special note are the folder listing the land owned by the Woodhull brothers and folder of maps showing that land. The Ranch subseries deals with the Anacacho Ranche land and livestock. There are inventories of the Anacacho Ranche and the San Vicente Ranche, sales agreements and receipts for livestock, letters about personnel, and of particular note a series of letters from George Hobbs, foreman in charge of taking a flock of sheep on a drive from the Ranch into Mexico. The letters detail an Indian scare, dealing with weather hazards, the need to pay the shepherds, and the other hardships that he encountered.

The Personal papers include advertisements, receipts, correspondence, and newspaper articles. This series includes correspondence from family members, mostly cousins, as well as a small amount of correspondence from non Woodhull relatives to the Woodhull brothers. There is also some correspondence from friends. The rest of the materials include receipts for household goods, a news clipping and a letter appointing J.T. Woodhull to County Commissioner of Precinct 4 of Kinney Co., Texas, dated May 13, 1885.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is housed at UTSA's Main Campus and must be accessed via the John Peace Library Special Collections reading room. To request access, please use the Collections Request Form.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the Anacacho Ranche Collection must be obtained from University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections or the appropriate copyright holder.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Woodhull, Josiah Townsend.
Woodhull, Oliver Jones.
Woodhull, Samuel Jones.
Organizations
Anacacho Ranche.
Subjects
Ranchers--Texas, South.
Ranching--History--19th century.
Ranching--Texas, South--History.
Ranching--West (U.S.)
Sheep ranches.
Locations
San Antonio (Tex.)--History--19th century.
Texas, South--History--19th century.
Genres/Formats
Correspondence.
Local Subjects
Family Collections
Texas History

Related Material

Additional material on the Woodhull family can be found in the Laura Burleson Negley Papers (MS 84) and the Rupert N. Gresham, Jr. Family Papers (MS 155).


Separated Material

An image of a "Brownback" ten dollar bill, issued by Frost National Bank in 1899 and signed by J.T Woodhull as cashier, is contained within the control folder and is available on request.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Anacacho Ranche Collection, 1875-1931, MS 131, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.

Acquisition Information

Tom C. Frost, III, donated the papers to University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections in August 2004. Frost acquired the collection through a book dealer.

Processing Information

Processed by Gerrianne Schaad, Head, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections, and Mathew C. Martin, Collections Assistant, June 2006.

Processing of this collection was made possible through a donation from Tom C. Frost, III.

Processing note: The papers were originally filed alphabetically in a letter Box. The filing was quirky and over the years, some materials had gotten out of order. For the sake of improving access, the documents were arranged into subjects and given a detailed description. In many cases, subjects overlap within the correspondence. Sometimes personal messages and thoughts are included within letters regarding business transactions, ranch business, land deals, and so forth.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Business

This series includes bills-of-sale, correspondence, contracts, inventories, permits, receipts and other administrative, legal and financial documents. The series is divided into the following subseries: General, Land, and Ranch. The General business papers reflect the wide interests that the Woodhull brothers had in local Kinney County and San Antonio business deals. Documents include letters of introduction, letters asking for business opinions, promissory notes and other inquiries about debts, and receipts for articles purchased. The papers in the Land subseries generally reflect issues of buying and selling non Anacacho Ranche land parcels. Of special note are the folder listing the land owned by the Woodhull brothers and folder of maps showing that land. The Ranch subseries deals with the Anacacho Ranche land and livestock. There are inventories of the Anacacho Ranche and the San Vicente Ranche, sales agreements and receipts for livestock, letters about personnel, and of particular note a series of letters from George Hobbs, foreman in charge of taking a flock of sheep on a drive from the Ranch into Mexico. The letters detail an Indian scare, dealing with weather hazards, the need to pay the shepherds, and the other hardships that he encountered.
Box Folder
1 General
1 Cancelled checks, 1886-1888
Correspondence
2 Letter and receipt for Milk and Meat Preserver, June 8, 1878
3 Letter from W.S. Frazier & Co. to J.T. Woodhull regarding the purchase of a vehicle & the advantages of pneumatic & cushion tires, February 25, 1907 & March 7, 1907
4 Letter from T.C. Frost to J.T. Woodhull regarding a business deal, July 11, 1887
5 Letter from Hipolito Garcia to Captain S.J. Woodhull regarding payment of a note deposited at T.C. Frost (Spanish), July 12, 1885
6 Letter from Joel C. Henly to the Woodhull Bros. asking if a Mexican man hunting in Henly's pasture for mares still works for the Woodhulls, August 9, 1887
7 Letter from George Hobbs to Jim M. Murphy accompanying a deer that Hobbs is asking Murphy to send to Billy Sims in San Antonio, December 22, 1885
8 Letter from George Ross inquiring about working on a ranch in Texas, September 20, 1877
9 Letter from C. Pool to J.T. Woodhull requesting that certain articles be sent as soon as possible, February 1, 1884
10 Letter from J.E. Severance to the Woodhull Bros. regarding payment of a debt, September 24, 1886
11 Letter from S.P. Simpson & Co. Bankers to Woodhull Bros. concerning notes from Sam Jones that the Woodhulls endorsed, September 9, 1886
12 Letter from John Thompson to the Woodhull Bros. regarding the journey of Duncan McDonald to San Antonio from Liverpool, England, April 1, 1876
13 Letter from O.J. Woodhull to unnamed Woodhull brother advising against purchasing horses for someone else, November 2, 1883
14 Letter of introduction for Richard Pease from Lawrence C. Fenno to the Woodhull Bros., September 3, 1881
15 Letter to Jas. C. Cade, Esq. from J.T. Woodhull regarding the Thos. Watson Surveys and a business transaction, May 1, 1883
16 Letter to Woodhull from a Mr. Knight updating Woodhull on his location, June 10, 1882
17 Letter to Samuel J. Woodhull asking him to fill out paperwork for insurance on a lost ship, May 16, 1877
18 Letters between J.W. Riddle and the Woodhull Bros. regarding an ambulance permit, 1883
19 Letters between Henry Roach and J.T. Woodhull regarding a debt to Roach, November 1 & 6, 1883
20 Letters from W.O. Foote to J.T. Woodhull regarding the sale, training and breeding of horses, 1907-1908
21 Letters from Winchester Kelso, Lawyer & Land Agent regarding payment for services rendered & a lawsuit against the Alegria Bros., 1883, 1885
22 Deed of trust for the Woodhull Bros. Debt of $6000 to Hannah J. Woodhull, October 12, 1886
23 Handbill for Parvin's Patent Iron Wagon, 1884
24 Loan documents, 1883, 1887, 1931
25 Loan from Anderson-Chiles, 1886
26 Loan from L.J. Talbot, November/December 1883
27 Payments made to Delores Escovedo, August 11 & 12, 1884
28 Promissory notes, 1877-1878
29 Receipt for General G. Treviño from the Woodhull Bros., January 17, 1884
30 Receipt for retainer paid to Solon Stewart, May 5, 1880
31 Receipts for the San Antonio Jockey Club, 1883
32 Receipts from Charles Hummel & Son – Dealers in Fire Arms & Ammunition, February 1, 1883; December 6, 1883; January 1, 1907
Land
Correspondence
33 Copy of letter to W.G. Kingsbury from Woodhulls regarding land assessment for back taxes and future tax owed, October 25, 1877
34 Letter from Fly & Jones, lawyers & land agents regarding land transactions with the Woodhulls, April 22, 1884
35 Letter from H.C. Griner to the Woodhull Bros. regarding disputed land, April 25, 1877
36 Letter from the Houston Bros., lawyers, to the Woodhull Bros. regarding a claim by George & Cornelio Van Ness to land passed to their father, September 3, 1885
37 Letter from Joseph Jones, land agent, to the Woodhull Bros. requesting $200 in patent fees for land claims, February 27, 1883
38 Letter from W.G. Kingsbury to the Woodhull Bros. quoting prices and terms of payment for land the Woodhulls wished to buy, November 17, 1885
39 Letter from Maddox Bros. & Anderson, land dealers, to the Woodhull Bros. regarding land prices, November 20, 1885
40 Letter from Amory R. Starr, Texas Real Estate Agency, to J.T. Woodhull asking for a response to a previous letter, April 24, 1883
41 Letter from O.J. Woodhull to J.T. Woodhull regarding the Penrose property, March 11, 1881
42 Letter to A.M. Olliphant, Esq. from the Woodhull Bros. regarding a land transaction, March 18, 1882
43 Letter to W.A. Reeves from J.T. Woodhull for land and stock, with receipt, November 26, 1887
44 Letters from Lion Gardiner selling Convention Hall property with Woodhull Bros. acting as agents, January-December 1907
45 Letters from J.H. James to Woodhull Bros. about the availability of the "Patrick Gorman Ranch," 1878
46 Letters from Elena Stribling regarding payment for land, April 17, 1884
47 Deeds for land transactions from the East Line & Red River Railroad to the Woodhull Bros., May 6 & 13, 1881
48 List of land owned by Woodhull Bros. and original grantees
49 Map by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers of 424-S II & IV Texas Blocker's Ranch Quadrangle Grid Zone D, 1924
50 Maps showing land leased and owned by the Woodhull bros., undated
51 Redemptive receipt given to S.S. Winters for the purchase of his property by the Woodhull Bros., October 28, 1880
52 Receipt for rent paid to W.H. Maverick from Woodhull Bros., May 26, 1880
Ranch
53 Advertisement for Felt's Elastic Cast Steel Shepherds Crook, May 3, 1883
54 Agreement between the Woodhull Bros. and Gillingham & Jones of Maverick Co., TX for the sale of some sheep and goats to Gillingham & Jones, June 3, 1884
55 Bill of sale for cattle from Woodhull Bros. to Hannah J. Woodhull on and back on October 24, 1887January 27, 1888
56 Bill of sale for cattle sold to Woodhull Bros. from J.T. Lytle, May 16, 1885
Correspondence
57 Letter from J.K. Berreta to Woodhull about a possible buyer for bucks, August 12, 1882
58 Letter from B.L Crouch to the Woodhull Bros. regarding a stray bay horse, March 4, 1883
59 Letter from J. Droham to S.J. Woodhull offering to buy mares as Woodhull's agent, March 13, 1882
60 Letter from Gottfried Fritz to Woodhull Bros. requesting payment of a bar bill of a Mr. Nutt, May 5, 1884
61 Letter from D.K. Furnish to Mr. Woodhull discussing attempts to sell interest in the Ranche and requesting information on the livestock, January 16, 1884
62 Letter from George Hobbs to J.T. Woodhull about a storm and its effect on a flock of sheep, undated
63 Letter from Francisco Dias Lozano to J.T. Woodhull regarding livestock, March 29, 1884
64 Letter from J.T. Lytle to J.T. Woodhull regarding a cattle or land deal, May 5, 1887
65 Letter from Patricio Milmo to Woodhull Bros. requesting a receipt for a check, January 13, 1883
66 Letter from Henry Pate to Capt. S.J. Woodhull regarding mixing of cattle on ranges, September 15, 1886
67 Letter from A.M. Reid to the Woodhull Bros. regarding the return of mares Reid found and his difficult situation, December 10, 1884
68 Letter from B.H. Wentworth, Jr. to Woodhull Bros. requesting help in returning a horse, December 26, 1883
69 Letter from Sam M. Woodhull to J.T. Woodhull regarding marble posts for the corners of J.T.'s lot, April 9, 1908
70 Letter to R.D. Hotterbeck from J.T. Woodhull regarding a transaction and an invitation to Woodhull's wedding, May 26, 1885
71 Letter to J.T. Woodhull from Sam J. Woodhull on the road to Zacatecas, March 3 & 7, [no year available]
72 Letter to a Woodhull brother from O.J. Woodhull regarding the rounding up of cattle, November 27, 1908
73 Letter to Woodhull Bros. including a poem about Don Melchor drowning a flock of sheep, October 24, 1881
74 Letters about shepherds, 1881
75 Letters between Phillip Palmer and Woodhull Bros. asking Woodhull's to remove sheep flock from Palmer's range, March 1, 1877
76 Letters exchanged between Woodhull Bros. & James McLymonts about a Woodhull ranch employee, May 15 & 18, 1884
77 Letter fragment regarding sheep, undated
78 Letter from T.C.V.W. to J.T. Woodhull concerning a visit to view Woodhull's stock of sheep, undated
79 Letters from George Hobbs to Capt. Woodhull and J.T. Woodhull on the progress of a sheep "drive" to Mexico, June to November 1883
80 Letters from L.M. Johnson of Compaña del Ferrocarril Internacional Mexicano to Woodhull Bros. concerning claims on livestock killed by trains, July 3, 1885 and September 21, 1885
81 Letters from Sam Jones to the Woodhull Bros., May 1884 to December 1885
82 Letters from C.P. to J.T. Woodhull, March & April, 1881
83 Letters sent from Robert Brown to W.L. Lyall at the British Consulate in Galveston and from W.L. Lyall to the Woodhull Bros. requesting information about Thomas Brown, a former ranch employee, April 13, 1885 and April 30, 1885
84 Inventory for Anacacho Ranche, January 1, 1877; January 1, 1878; and November 4, 1886
85 Inventory for San Vicente Ranche, August 27, 1883
86 Memo book with notes on sheep shearing, 1882
87 Newspaper ad regarding the purchase of bucks from Vermont by the Woodhull Bros. with receipt and bill from the newspaper, July 1, 1880
88 Permit for cattle (Spanish), February 18, 1885
89 Photograph of Woodhull Bros. sheep camp near Brackettsville, TX, circa 1880s
90 Plans for horse corrals, May 1880 and undated
91 Promissory note to George S. Priest for $1000 with interest for sheep from Woodhull Bros., March 15, 1877
92 Receipts for repairs and goods, 1875-1880, 1903-1906, and undated
93 Sale of sheep and goat flock by Woodhull Bros. to T.C. Frost in repayment of loan, October 6-7, 1887



 

Personal

This series include advertisements, receipts, correspondence, and newspaper articles. This series includes correspondence from family members, mostly cousins, as well as a small amount of correspondence from non Woodhull relatives to the Woodhull brothers. There is also some correspondence from friends. The rest of the materials include receipts for household goods, a news clipping and a letter appointing J.T. Woodhull to County Commissioner of Precinct 4 of Kinney Co., Texas, dated May 13, 1885.
Box Folder
2 Family
Correspondence
1 Letter from Allie Hobbs to George Hobbs, undated
2 Letter from Oliver L Jones to J. T. Woodhull about happenings in New York, May 22, 1883
3 Letter from Samuel W. Jones to his nephew S.J. Woodhull, February 26, 1877
4 Letter from Susie M. Jones to J.T. Woodhull arranging to meet before the Jones' take a trip, May 1, 1885
5 Letter from Otto Zirkel to J.T. Woodhull regarding the sale of a granite monument in honor of Hannah J. Woodhull. Invoice and contract included, July 13, 1906 and August 1, 1906
6 Letters from E. Coralie Gardiner to the Woodhull Bros. regarding the canceling of a trip to California and accompanying two checks for $4000 each to be invested, January 19, 1892
7 Letters from Dr. John G.W. Knowlton, M.D. to Mr. Woodhull regarding his son's football injury and an illness at Exeter, November 9, 1906 & December 19, 1906
8 Postcard from V.S.? to Miss Josephine Woodhull, January 31, 1907
Friends
Correspondence
9 Letter from W.W. Lambert to J.T. Woodhull regarding an order of calendars for 1909, December 4, 1908
10 Postcard from C.G.M to Mrs. J.T. Woodhull, July 16, 1909
11 Receipt for silverware for wedding gift
General
Correspondence
12 Letter from Sarah C. Scofield, high school teacher, to J.T. Woodhull regarding a statement she made in class about a run on the banks, November 11, 1907
13 Telegrams sent from Geo. W. Hobbs to J.T. Woodhull regarding the deaths and burial preparations of Allie Hobbs and Willie, January 28, 1910 and October 11, 1910
14 Facsimile of a Confederate $500 note from 1864, undated
15 Lessons in Penmanship, undated
Household
16 Bill from L. Orynski, pharmacist, June 11, 1881
Correspondence
17 Letter to R.H. Beasley from Woodhull Bros. requesting two bottles of whiskey, May 16, 1883
18 Receipts from O. & A. Oppenheimer, dry goods, etc. dealers, April 21, 1875 and June 4, 1880
19 Receipts from San Antonio Brewers Association, June 7, 1910 and December 7, 1918
Political/Civic
20 Appointment of J.T. Woodhull to County Commissioner of Precinct 4 of Kinney Co., TX, May 13, 1885
Correspondence
21 Letter from Archibald Bogle to the Woodhull Bros. regarding an upcoming election, October 12, 1884
22 Handbill accusing Carlos Bee, candidate for Congress, of passing bad checks, 1920
23 Invitation to the “Leap Year Hop”, 1884
24 Jury duty papers, October 16, 1883; September 10, 1884; August 12, 1885
25 Newspaper Article, "Woodhull Replies to Pat Neff" in San Antonio Evening News, [1920]