University of Texas San Antonio

A Guide to the Sebron Sneed Wilcox Papers, 1749-1968



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Wilcox, Sebron Sneed, 1884-1959
Title: Sebron Sneed Wilcox Papers
Dates: 1749-1968
Creator Abstract: Sebron Sneed Wilcox founded the Laredo Historical Society (Laredo, Tex.) and was a member of the Texas Historical Commission for Webb County, Texas. Wilcox was a Texas historian, writing several articles based on materials in the Laredo Archives. He worked as a court reporter for the Forth-ninth District in Laredo from 1911-1958.
Content Abstract: The Sebron Sneed Wilcox papers span the years 1749 through 1968 and consist of his collected and written documents regarding the history of Laredo, Texas. The papers consist of correspondence, Laredo history, lawsuit and trial transcriptions, speeches and documentation on the various celebrations held in Laredo.
Identification: MS 25
Extent: 7.25 linear feet (about 5,400 items)
Language: Materials are in English and Spanish.
Repository: University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Biographical Note

Sebron Sneed Wilcox was born to Nathan Miles and Minnie Genevieve (Sneed) Wilcox, on December 9, 1884, in Burnet, Texas. He attended schools in Georgetown, Texas as a young boy. At the age of fifteen he entered Southwestern University.

Wilcox married Stella Marie Jones on October 27, 1907. He worked for the Houston and Texas Central Railway Company in Houston, then the attorney general's office in Austin, and the law firm of Pierce and Hawkins in Brownsville. In September 1911 Wilcox was appointed court reporter for the Forty-ninth District in Laredo, and he remained in this position until he retired in December 1958.

Wilcox, an ardent student of Texas history, was the main factor in preserving the Spanish Archives of Laredo (dating from a 1749 document, but predominantly 1768 to 1846, and miscellaneous papers up to 1875). "He assisted the Texas Historical Records Survey in seeing that the documents were copied correctly, and copies of those completed portions of the typescripts were placed in the Archives Division of the Texas State Library, the University of Texas at Austin Library, the National Archives in Washington, D.C., and in Laredo, Texas."

Wilcox wrote several articles based on the Laredo Archives, which were published in the Southwestern Historical Quarterly. He was one of the founders of the Laredo Historical Society and a member of the Texas Historical Commission for Webb County. Wilcox died in Laredo on May 12, 1959, and was buried in the Laredo Catholic Cemetery.

Source:

"Wilcox, Sebron Sneed,"The Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/WW/fwi11.html .


Scope and Contents

The Sebron Sneed Wilcox papers span the years 1749 through 1968 and consist of his collected and written documents regarding the history of Laredo, Texas. The papers consist of correspondence, written histories, speeches, memorabilia, and documentation on the various celebrations held in Laredo. Included in the materials is information about Laredo governing bodies and segments of its military, Spanish, Texan, and U.S history. These papers also contain Wilcox's transcriptions of pages of the Laredo Archives. Transcriptions are in Spanish. The papers are arranged into six series: History, Lawsuits and Trials, Celebrations and Speeches, Correspondence, Memorabilia and the Laredo Archives.

The History series includes papers describing the lives of the early settlers in Laredo, Indian affairs, and information about a variety of public personas. Included in the History series are the Lamar Papers and related military information.

The Lawsuits and Trials series include papers that Wilcox collected and organized during his time as a law clerk. These cover Texas land disputes, sales and claims. This series also includes criminal cases, divorces and murder trials, and a variety of miscellaneous cases ranging from railroad company issues to recent attempts to reclaim land.

The Celebrations and Speeches series consists of various Laredo celebratory events and speeches collected by Wilcox. This series includes the centennial celebration in Laredo (1936), the International Bridge dedication ceremony (1922) and a span of ten years of Washington's Birthday celebrations (1939-1940, 1946-1949). The speeches encompass such topics as education, public funding, political and celebratory.

The Correspondence series is a collection of letters written or collected by Wilcox. Many are letters to and from the different historical societies dealing with Laredo history. These records encompass topics such as judges and politicians, land disputes and land surveys.

The Memorabilia series consists mainly of articles, dating 1839–1971, with topics concerning the times and lives of the people in Laredo. Also included in this series are photo albums, souvenir collections and papers relating to various historical foundations.

The largest series is the Laredo Archives. Wilcox transcribed some of the documents in the Laredo Archives. The transcriptions are in Castilian Spanish. Wilcox perhaps planned to publish his typewritten notes and transcriptions, but never did, however; this is categorized in what is believed to be Wilcox's original volume order, 1-37.


 

Arrangement

  • History
  • Lawsuits and Trials
  • Celebrations and Speeches
  • Correspondence
  • Memorabilia
  • Laredo Archives

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is housed at UTSA's Main Campus and must be accessed via the John Peace Library Special Collections reading room. To request access, please use the Collections Request Form.

Usage Restrictions

Permission to publish material from these papers must be obtained from University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Wilcox, Sebron Sneed, 1884-1959.
Organizations
Spanish Archives of Laredo.
Subjects
Historians--Texas.
Public historians.
Locations
Laredo (Tex.)--History.
Genres/Formats
Correspondence.
Legal files.
Memorabilia.
Speeches.
Local Subjects
Mexico/Mexican History
Texas History

Related Material

Additional research material, a collection of rare books about Texas, copies of Wilcox's writings on local history, an almost complete file of the Laredo Times, and the original manuscript materials of the Laredo Archives were donated to St. Mary's University in San Antonio, Texas.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Sebron Sneed Wilcox Papers, MS 25, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.

Acquisition Information

The papers in this collection were left to Patricia Wilcox Hammond in 1989. She had them inventoried and appraised by Dorothy Sloan Books in Austin Texas, then donated the collection to University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.

Processing Information

Prepared by Joel A. Blanco-Rivera, Archives Intern, Summer 2002, and Eva Sansone, Archives Intern, Summer 2003.

Alternative Form Available

Typescript copies of The Laredo Archives were made from the original documents, and portions of these copies were placed in the Archives Division of the Texas State Library, the National Archives in Washington, D.C., and in Laredo, Texas. A microfilm record was made for Texas Tech University, and that copy was placed in the Texas Tech Library.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

History

The History series describes the lives of the early settlers in Laredo, Indian affairs, and information about a variety of public personas. Included in the History series are the Lamar Papers and related military information.
Arranged alphabetically by topic or person of involvement.
Box Folder
1 1 Military 6
2 Military 9
3 Military 103
4 Military 12
5 Military 11
6 Andrea Castanón de Villanueva (Madam Candelaria), 1836-1838
7 Clergymen at Laredo and St. Augustine Church, undated
8 Collection of Articles on the History and Life of Laredo, 1937
9 Col. Santos Benavides, undated
10 Conservation of Texas Forests, undated
11 Data on Election Riot in the Laredo City Election, April 7, 1886
Box Folder
2 1 Data on Laredo History, 1750-1820
2 Data on Laredo History, 1821-1899
3 Earliest Postmaster Basilio Benavides, 1818
4 Early Days in Austin, 1910
5 First Crossing of the Rio Grande by Virgil Lott, 1935
6 Fort McIntosh, 1941
7 History of the Laredo Archives, undated
8 Indian Depredations, 1790
9 Indian Raids, 1813, 1833, 1852
10 Laredo during the days of the Texas Republic, 1936
11 Lamar Papers, undated
12 Map of the City of Laredo, undated
13 Mayors and Aldermen, 1755-1868
14 Miscellaneous Articles about History of Laredo, 1755-1902
15 Nation Guard Unit
16 Perote Prison, Santa Fe Expedition and the Third Expedition, undated
17 Poem: "A Legend of the Mission San José" by James B. Cunningham, undated
18 Public Education, undated
19 Sacking of Laredo in 1842, undated
20 Story of Ben Thompson by Clyde Wantland, undated
21 Texas Writers, undated
22 The Laredo City Election and the Riot of April, 1888, undated
23 Texas Calvary – Rio Grande Republic, 1863
Box Folder
3 1 Thesis: The Founding of Laredo and St. Augustine Church by Sister Natalie Walsh, August, 1935
2 Webb County, undated
3 Zapata County, 1949
4 Miscellaneous, 1810-1821, 1836-1839
5 Miscellaneous, undated
6 Miscellaneous non-SSW pieces
7 Incomplete pieces
8 Royal Cedula dealing with use of the "royal lands"
9
10 Memorabilia – Rotary Club Program, 1937



 

Lawsuits and Trials

This series include papers that Wilcox collected and organized during his time as a law clerk. Papers cover Texas land disputes, sales and claims. This series also includes criminal cases, divorces and murder trials, and a variety of miscellaneous cases ranging from railroad company issues to recent attempts to reclaim land.
Arranged chronologically.
Box Folder
3 11 Murder Trial: against James Stuart, 1825
12 Murder Trial: against Reyes Rojas, Antonio Farias, and Ygnacio Arispe, 1828
13 Court Papers, land 1849, 1930
14 Lawsuit: Jose María Margill vs. The Public Land Grant, 1872
15 Miscellaneous Deeds, 1888, 1891
16 Lawsuit: Manuel Rodriguez vs. Rafael Arredondo, 1904
17 Lawsuit: Juan Ortiz vs. US and Comanche Indians, 1904
Box Folder
4 1 J.F. Mullally, District Judge, 1905
2 Lawsuit: L.A. Kerr vs. B.F. Kingsley, 1910
3 Judge A.W. Terrell, 1910
4 Judge John A. Vails, 1938, 1941
5 Lawsuit: Land Claims U.S./Mexican Boundary, 1945
6 Bankruptcy Case: Joe Villarreal Service Station, Nov. 1951
7 Lawsuit – City of Laredo vs. Falfurrias Creamery Company, 1954
8 Lawsuit – J.W. Verduzco vs. Guerra Hardware, Feb. 1955
9 Lawsuit – Rodolfo A. Sanchez vs. Albert Martin, 1956
10 Lawsuit – Leslie Smith vs. C.W. Points Oral Depositions and Answers, 1956
11 Lawsuit – Luis R. Villarreal vs. Amalia García, 1956
12 Lawsuit – Duval County vs. George B. Parr, 1956
13 Deposition Ex Parte, María Estela Haught, 1957
14 Lawsuit – José Garza vs. Robert Thomas, 1957
15 Lawsuit – Delhi Pipeline Corp. vs. Leon J. Ramirez, p. 1-152, 1957
16 Lawsuit – Thomas O. Mudd, Jr. vs. Universal Gas Company, 1957
Box Folder
5 1 Lawsuit – Delhi Pipeline Corp. vs. Leon J. Ramirez, p.153-321, 1957
2 Deposition: Pedro Lugo and Calvin Surtees, Jr., 1957
3 Deposition: Perfecto Villarreal re: Water Damage to the Laredo Bank Building, 1958
4 Lawsuit – Land Case, Gabriel Ramirez, undated
5 Judge Alexander Watkins Terrell, undated
6 Legal Brief on Laws of Possession Real and Mobile, undated
7 Trials: Murder Trial against William Vestel, July 16, 1849
8 Trials – Murder Trial of Robert B. Brown Beeville, TX, undated
9 Trials: Property and Inheritance



 

Celebrations and Speeches

This series consists of various Laredo celebratory events and speeches collected by Wilcox. This series includes the centennial celebration in Laredo (1936), the International Bridge dedication ceremony (1922) and a span of ten years of Washington's Birthday celebrations (1939-1940, 1946-1949). The speeches encompass such topics as education, public funding, political and celebratory.
Arranged alphabetically.
Box Folder
5 10 Speech: "The Boom Days of Laredo During the Eighties," undated
11 Centennial Celebrations in Laredo, 1936
12 Speeches, Cinco de Mayo, undated
13 Speech, Confederacy, undated
14 Dedication of International Bridge Laredo/Nuevo Laredo, 1922
15 Speech: "A History of the District Court of Webb County," 1936
Box Folder
6 1 Education
2 Speech: Fort McIntosh
3 Speech: General Rotarian
4 Speech: Hacienda de Dolores, undated
5 Speech: Laredo Anniversaries
6 Speech: Laredo During the Texas Republic, 1936, 1938
7 Speech: Laredo Election Riot, 1941
8 Speech: Laredo History, 1946, 1958
9 Speech: Laredo History, undated
10 Speech: "Laredo, the Gateway to Mexico," undated
11 Speech: "Mexico as seen by a Stenographer," 1920
12 Presentation of Laredo Archives to St. Mary's University Dec. 10, 1968
13 Laredo Spanish Archive
14 Washington's Birthday Celebration
15 Laredo Under Spanish
16 Speech: Texas Folklore
17 Speech: Tribute to Tomas Sanchez
18 Speech: Vocation Day
Box Folder
7 1 Washington's Birthday
2 Washington's Birthday
3 Celebration: Washington's Birthday, 1939, 1940
4 Celebration: Washington's Birthday 1946, 1947
5 Celebration: Washington's Birthday 1948, 1949
6 Winter Gardens Bankers Ass. 1943
7 Speech: Miscellaneous



 

Correspondence

This series is a collection of letters written or collected by Wilcox. Many are letters to and from the different historical societies dealing with Laredo history. These records encompass topics such as judges and politicians, land disputes and land surveys.
Arranged alphabetically.
Box Folder
7 8 Congressional Record Maury Maverick, 1938
9 Garner, John, 1903
10 Conveyance Document – John Towhig to B. Brown, Eagle Pass, 1851
11 Wilcox, 1928, 1935, 1936
12 Wilcox, 1937
13 Wilcox, 1938
14 Wilcox, 1939
15 Wilcox, 1940 - 1942
Box Folder
8 1 Wilcox, 1943-1947
2 Wilcox, 1948-1958
3 Wilcox, miscellaneous 1
4 Wilcox, miscellaneous 2
5 Wilcox, to his daughter
6 WPA Historical Records Survey, 1939
Box Folder
25 1 Album: newspaper clippings
5 Child Shoe
Box Folder
26 1 Book: Plant Life
2 Book: Correspondence of Several Court Cases, 1890
Box Folder
27 1 Book: Correspondence of Several Court Cases, 1892
2 Book: Correspondence of Several Court Cases, 1903



 

Memorabilia

This series consists mainly of articles, dating 1839–1971, with topics concerning the times and lives of the people in Laredo. Also included in this series are photo albums, souvenir collections and papers relating to various historical foundations.
Box Folder
8 7 Articles, 1839 - 1840
8 Articles, 1843, 1862
9 Articles, 1870 - 1889
Box Folder
9 1 Articles, 1893
2 Articles, 1907, 1916
3 Articles, 1921-1925
4 Articles, 1934
5 Articles, 1936-1937
6 Articles, 1938-1939
7 Articles, 1940
Box Folder
10 1 Articles, 1941-1942
2 Articles, 1943
3 Articles, 1944-1945
4 Articles, 1946
5 Articles, 1947, 1950-1952
6 Articles, 1953-1954
7 Articles, 1956
Box Folder
11 1 Articles, 1957
2 Articles, 1958
3 Articles, 1968, 1971
4 A Souvenir Album of Laredo, 1917
5 Book Prospectus
6 Byron's Guide of the Río Grande Valley and Old Mexico, 1942
7 Mary Genevieve Wilcox 1
8 Mary Genevieve Wilcox 2
Box Folder
12 1 Mary Genevieve Wilcox 2
2 Miscellaneous 1810-1910
3 Miscellaneous, 1922-1946
4 Miscellaneous, 1947-1972
5 Miscellaneous, undated
6 Personal Material
7 Photographs, Buildings
8 Photographs, People
9 Program: Boxing Show Boys Club of Laredo, 1947
Box Folder
13 1 Rotarian
2 Rotarian Club
2 Texas History 1
4 Texas History 2
5 Texas Historical Society
6 Texas Palo fax Papers 1
7 Texas Palo fax Papers 2



 

Laredo Archives

Wilcox transcribed some of the documents in the Laredo Archives. The transcriptions are in Castilian Spanish. Wilcox perhaps planned to publish his typewritten notes and transcriptions, but never did, however; this is categorized in what is believed to be Wilcox's original volume order, 1-37.
Box Folder
14 1 Abstract documents
2 Abstract documents and letters
3 Abstract of Title Laredo Real Estate and Abstract Company, 1875-1901
4 Abstract of Title – Portion #9 Laredo, TX, 1904
5 Abstract of Title of Portion #36, 1893
6 Account Book for City of Laredo, Benito García, 1877
7 American Mexican Claims Commission, 1942
8 Apportionment of Lands in the Town of Revilla, 1767
9 Census of 1841
10 General Visit of Laredo, 1768
11 Indenture Document Frederick O'Shea and John B. Brown Eagle Pass, 1951
12 Inventory of Goods Teodosio Treviño killed by Indians, 1835
13 Inventory of County Archives of Texas, Webb County, 1938
14 Land Survey – L.C. Navarro, surveyor, 1902
15 Laredo Debating and Literary Society, 1894
16 Laredo League of Woman Voters Survey of the City of Laredo, 1952
17 S.N. Johnson Wholesale liquor-bills of sale, 1911-1919
18 Thomas H. Addicks Request for land, 1841
19 Webb County Election Roster, 1894
Box Folder
15 1 Volume I – Spanish Archives of Laredo, 1749-1770
2 Volume II – Spanish Archives of Laredo, 1771-1774
3 Volume III – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 377-548 1885-1784
4 Volume III – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp549-740 1775-1784
5 Volume IV – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp741-905 1785-1794
6 Volume IV – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp906-1034 1785-1794
7 Volume IV – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp1035-1069 1785-1794
Box Folder
16 1 Volume V – Spanish Archives of Laredo, 1795-1800
2 Volume VI – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 1272-1445 1801-1807
3 Volume VI – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 1446-1601 1801-1807
4 Volume VII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 1602-1750 1808-1810
5 Volume VII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, 1808-1801pp 1751-1913
6 Volume VII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 1914-2006 1808-1810
7 Volume VIII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 2007-2177 1811-1815
Box Folder
17 1 Volume VIII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 2178-2325 1811-1815
2 Volume VIII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 2326-2421 1811-1815
3 Volume IX – Spanish Archives of Laredo, 1814-1815
4 Volume X – Spanish Archives of Laredo, 1815-1816
5 Volume XI – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 2819-3012 1816-1819
6 Volume XI – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 3013-3132 1816-1819
7 Volume XI – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 3133-3285 1820-1821
Box Folder
18 1 Volume XII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 3286-3419 1820-1821
2 Volume XIII – Spanish Archives of Laredo
3 Volume XIV – Spanish Archives of Laredo pp 3639-3836
4 Volume XIV – Spanish Archives of Laredo pp 3386a – 3900
5 Volume XV – Spanish Archives of Laredo, 1822-1823
6 Volume XVI – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 4095-4263 1823-1824
7 Volume XVI – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 4264-4424 1823-1824
Box Folder
19 1 Volume XVII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 4425-4542 1824
2 Volume XVII – Spanish Archives of Laredo, pp 4543-4721 1824
3 Volume XVIII – Spanish Archives of Laredo pp 4722-4878, 1824
4 Volume XVIII pp 4879-5002, 1824
5 Volume XIX pp 5003-5213, 1824
6 Volume XX Letters, Decrees and Orders pp 1-153, 1825
7 Volume XX Letters, Decrees and Orders pp154-301, 1825
Box Folder
20 1 Volume XXI Letters, Orders, Wills, etc pp 1-121, 1826
2 Volume XXI Letters, Orders, Wills, etc. pp 122-253, 1826
3 Volume XXII Letters, Orders, Decrees, etc pp 1-115, 1827
4 Volume XXII Letters, Orders, Decrees, etc pp 116-229, 1827
5 Volume XXII Letters, Orders, Decrees, etc pp 1-161 1828
6 Volume XXIII Letters, Orders, Decrees, etc pp 162-285
7 Volume XXIV Decrees and Orders of Governor Official Correspondence, Lawsuits pp. 1-121, 1829
Box Folder
21 1 Volume XXV Decrees, Letters, Probate Proceedings and Willspp 1 –102, 1829
2 Volume XXV Decrees, Letters, Probate, Proceedings and Willspp 1 – 102, 1829
3 Volume XXVI pp 1- 93, 1830
4 Volume XXVI pp 94-240 January-July, 1831
5 Volume XXVIII pp 1-82 August-October, 1831
6 Volume XXVII pp 83-241 November-December, 1831
7 Volume XXVIII pp 1-171 January-April, 1832
8 Volume XXVIII pp 172-310 May-December, 1832
Box Folder
22 1 Volume XXIX pp 1-86, 1833
2 Volume XXIX pp 87-184, 1833
3 Volume XXX pp 1-149, 1833
4 Volume XXX pp 150-280, 1833
5 Volume XXXI pp 1-89, 1834
6 Volume XXXI pp 90-196, 1833
7 Volume XXXII pp 1-169 January-February, 1834
8 Volume XXXII pp 170-263 March-June, 1834
Box Folder
23 1 Volume XXXIII pp 1-102 July-September, 1834
2 Volume XXXIII pp 103-248 October-December, 1834
3 Volume XXXIV pp 1-134 January, 1835
4 Volume XXXVI pp 135-187 February-March, 1835
5 Volume XXXV pp 1-141 April-May, 1835
6 Volume XXXV pp 142-225, June-August, 1835
7 Volume XXXVI pp 1-117 September, 1835
8 Volume XXXVI pp 118-204 October-December, 1835
Box Folder
24 1 Volume XXXVII pp 1-125, 1836
2 Volume XXXVII pp 126-303, 1836
3 Expedients pp 1-98, 1845
4 Expedients pp 99-226, 1845