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Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Collection Summary

Historical Background

Contents of the Collection

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Uniform Commercial Code, Article 7 - Documents of Title 1949-2004

University of Texas, Tarlton Law Library

A Guide to the Uniform Commercial Code, Article 7 - Documents of Title, 1949-2004



Collection Summary

CreatorUniform Law Commission
TitleUniform Commercial Code, Article 7 - Documents of Title
AbstractThe collection consists of materials used in revision of Article 7 of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). The papers were donated by William M. Burke, Bion M. Gregory, Robert Haydock, Jr., Fred H. Miller, Donald J. Rapson, Curtis R. Reitz, Millard H. Ruud and William A. Schnader.
Size1.6 linear ft. (4 boxes).
RepositorySpecial Collections, Tarlton Law Library, The University of Texas at Austin,
727 E. Dean Keeton St., Austin, TX 78705-3224, (512) 471-7071

Historical Background

In 1942, the Uniform Law Commission (ULC) and the American Law Institute (ALI) started a collaborative effort to draft a single, comprehensive model code governing commercial law in the United States. The first Official Text of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) was published in 1952, with subsequent revised versions promulgated in 1957, 1958, 1962, 1972, 1978, 1987 (Article 2A added), 1989 (Article 4A added), 1990, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004, 2010, and 2012. The stated purpose of the UCC is “(1) to simplify, clarify, and modernize the law governing commercial transactions; (2) to permit the continued expansion of commercial practices through custom, usage, and agreement of the parties; and (3) to make uniform the law among the various jurisdictions” (UCC 1-103). This facilitates the conduct of various business transactions such as purchase of raw materials, sales, check processing, and securing obligations, and also reduces inconsistency and variability in court decisions across jurisdictions.

UCC has been enacted in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. UCC does not become law unless it is enacted by legislature, and does not have to be adopted exactly as promulgated by the ULC. Louisiana, for example, has not adopted Article 2 (Sales) or Article 2A (Leases) in favor of its civil code tradition governing these transactions. Some jurisdictions adopt non-uniform amendments or fail to enact the latest amendments or revisions. To reduce the ambiguities of language, the Code is accompanied by Official Comments. PEB also publishes a separate UCC commentary, addressing uncertainties or conflicts that appear in the Official Text and Comments and other related issues. While often consulted, the comments themselves do not hold legal status, unless they are explicitly adopted by a legislature.

The drafting and revision process often takes several years. Permanent Editorial Board (PEB), in charge of reviewing and revising the Code, studies a suggestion or sets up a study committee with the goal of determining whether a change in law is desirable and feasible. If it is, the nature and scope of the change is proposed for approval by the ULC Scope and Program and Executive Committees and the ALI Council. If the project is approved, a drafting committee of experts and at least one generalist is formed to revise and/or amend the Official Text. The reporters collect and report the input of advisors, observers, lawyers, scholars, industry leaders, consumer interest representatives, various committees and task forces of ULC, ALI and ABA, state commissions, government agencies, lobby groups, and other stakeholders. Once the drafting committee members decide on the policy, the reporters are tasked with producing the new draft reflecting those decisions. A draft usually goes through multiple iterations, and is checked for grammatical and structural correctness and consistency by a style committee. If ULC and ALI memberships approve the changes, ULC commissioners work to ensure that all states adopt the revised statute, preferably as promulgated to maintain uniformity of law.

Article 7 of the Uniform Commercial Code addresses negotiable and non-negotiable documents of title, governing storage and shipment of goods and the related transfer of rights and allocation of risk. Documents of title include warehouse receipts, bills of lading, dock receipts, dock warrants, and orders for delivery of goods. It was drafted based on the Uniform Warehouse Receipts Act (1906), the Uniform Bills of Lading Act (1909), and Uniform Sales Act (1906). When Article 7 was first published in 1952, it was called “Warehouse Receipts, Bills of Lading and Other Documents of Title”. It was first revised in 2003, establishing new rules for electronic documents of title, including their definition, signing, authentication, statute of fraud requirements, and conversion and substitution. Article 7 sections are: General Provisions; Warehouse Receipts: Special Provisions; Bills of Lading: Special Provisions; Warehouse Receipts and Bills of Lading: General Obligations; Warehouse Receipts and Bills of Lading: Negotiation and Transfer; and Warehouse Receipts and Bills of Lading: Miscellaneous Provisions.

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Contents of the Collection

The collection contains correspondence, committee files, reports, working drafts, research materials, publication, legislative materials, and miscellaneous documents related to interpretation, drafting, revision, and state adoption of Article 7 of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). Includes some material on Article 9 of the UCC.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Duplication restrictions on copyrighted material in research files. Please contact the Department of Special Collections for more information.

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Index Terms

Major Subjects
National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws.
Uniform Law Commission.
Uniform state laws.
Burke, William M.
Gregory, Bion M.
Haydock, Jr., Robert.
Miller, Fred H.
Rapson, Donald J.
Reitz, Curtis R.
Ruud, Millard H.
Schnader, William A.

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Related Materials

See also Uniform Commercial Code, Article 2 - Sales, Box 1, Folders 3 and 4; and Box 23, Folders 8 and 9.

See also Uniform Commercial Code, General Materials.

Additional material may be found at the Uniform Law Commission web site.

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Administrative Information

Cite As

Uniform Commercial Code, Article 7 - Documents of Title, Uniform Law Commission Archives, Tarlton Law Library, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

On loan from the Uniform Law Commission, 2012.

Processing Information

Processing completed May 2015 by Evelina Stulgaityte.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Uniform Commercial Code, Article 7 - Documents of Title 1949-2004

boxfolder
11Article 7 Task Force Correspondence, 1991-1993
Compiler: Burke, William M.
2Article 7 Task Force Correspondence, 1993-1999
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
3Article 7 Task Force Correspondence, 2000
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
4Drafting Committee Correspondence, 2000-2001
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
5Drafting Committee Correspondence, 2002-2003
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
6Drafting Committee Correspondence, 2002
Compiler: Reitz, Curtis R.
7General ULC Correspondence, 1994-1995
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
8General ULC Correspondence, 2001-2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
9PEB Correspondence and Commentary, 1990-1991
Compiler: Rapson, Donald J.
10PEB Correspondence and Commentary, 1991
Compiler: Burke, William M.
11PEB Correspondence and Commentary, 1991
Compiler: Haydock, Jr., Robert
12PEB Correspondence and Commentary, 1991
Compiler: Main Office
13PEB Correspondence and Commentary, 1994
Compiler: Gregory, Bion M.
14PEB Correspondence and Commentary, 2000
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
15Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1994-2003
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
16Miscellaneous Correspondence (with Article 9), 1997
Compiler: Gregory, Bion M.
17Drafting Committee Rosters
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
18Drafting Committee Agendas, 2001-2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
19Drafting Committee Minutes, 2001
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
20Reports, 1993
Compiler: Burke, William M.
boxfolder
21Reports, 1993
Compiler: Gregory, Bion M.
2Reports, 1993
Compiler: Rapson, Donald J.
3Reports, 1993-2001
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
4Drafts, 1949
Compiler: Schnader, William A.
5Drafts, 2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
6Drafts, 2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
7Drafts, 2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
8Drafts, 2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
9Drafts, 2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
10Drafts, 2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
11Drafts, 2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
12Drafts, 2002
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
boxfolder
31Drafts, 2003
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
2Drafts, 2003
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
3Drafts, 2003
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
4Drafts, 2003
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
5Drafts, 2003
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
6Drafts, 2003
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
7Drafts, 2004
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
8Research Materials
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
9Research Materials
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
boxfolder
41Research Materials
Compiler: Gregory, Bion M.
2Research Materials
Compiler: Rapson, Donald J.
3Publications about Article 7
Compiler: Burke, William M.
4Publications about Article 7
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
5Publications about Article 7 (with Article 9)
Compiler: Rapson, Donald J.
6State Enactment Materials, Oklahoma
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
7State Enactment Materials, Oklahoma
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.
8State Enactment Materials, Texas
Compiler: Ruud, Millard H.
9Miscellaneous - Meeting Materials
Compiler: Miller, Fred H.

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