Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Collection Summary (Overall)

Historical Background

Contents of the Collection

Restrictions

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Judicial Selection, 1942-1982

Speeches, 1919-1982

Publications by Garwood, 1934-1974

Correspondence, 1948-1982

Collection Materials-General, 1917-1972

University of Texas, Tarlton Law Library

Guide to the W. St. John Garwood Papers at the Tarlton Law Library



Collection Summary (Overall)

Creator Garwood, Wilmer St. John
Title W. St. John Garwood Papers
Dates 1917-1982, Bulk 1945-1972
Abstract Creative works, correspondence and printed material document Judge W. St. John Garwood's promotion of the Merit Plan for Judicial Selection and Tenure, as well as his various speaking engagements around the country.
Size 9.25 linear ft. (19 boxes)
Repository Rare Books & Special Collections, Tarlton Law Library, The University of Texas at Austin  727 E. Dean Keeton St., Austin, TX 78705-3224, (512) 471-7263

Historical Background

Wilmer St. John Garwood was born in Bastrop, Texas on December 15, 1896. He graduated from Georgetown University in 1917. Following his discharge from military Service in World War I, Garwood attended the University of Texas Law School for one year, but transferred to Harvard Law School where he obtained his law degree (L.L.B.) in 1922. He practiced law for several years in New York in the legal department of Texaco before returning to Houston to practice with his father’s firm, Baker, Botts, Parker & Garwood. In 1929 he accepted the position of resident American attorney in Buenos Aires, Argentina with Standard Oil. He held this post for five years before returning to Houston to be with his family. In 1927 he married Ellen Burdine Clayton, daughter of Will Clayton, Undersecretary of State in the Truman Administration. In early 1942, Garwood becames a lieutenant in the U.S. Naval Reserves and deployed to Tocopilla, Chile as a U.S. Naval Liaison Officer. Later he transferred to Santiago as Senior Assistant Naval Attaché.

After the war, Garwood conducted a solo practice in Houston until January of 1948 when Governor Beauford Jester appointed him to the Texas Supreme Court. That same year, Garwood sought election for the position. He narrowly won against his largely unknown challenger, Jefferson Smith. The race led Garwood to view the democratic election of the judiciary negatively. Thereafter, he advocated adoption of the Missouri Plan (also known as the Merit Plan) for Judicial Selection and Tenure. Additionally, Judge Garwood was an expert on Colonial Spanish Civil Law as it pertains to Texas Constitutional Law. He is best recognized for his opinion on Luttes v. State in which, by citing Spanish and Mexican tide rules, he was able to argue for state ownership of a stretch of shore claimed by Shell Oil Company.

Garwood retired from the Court in 1958 at the age of 62, but did not leave the legal profession or judicial affairs behind him. He remained active in a number of civic and governmental organizations, chairing the State Courts Housing Committee and serving on the Texas Civil Judicial Council for which he served as President from 1964 through 1971. Governor Tom Connally appointed Garwood as member of the University Of Texas Board Of Regents in 1963. Garwood also served as President of the University of Texas Law School Foundation from 1967-1969. Throughout his career, Judge W. St. John Garwood was an advocate for peace, the United Nations and the World Court, the efficient administration of justice, and the Merit Plan for judicial selection and tenure. He died January 15, 1987.

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Contents of the Collection

Creative works, correspondence and printed material, created and maintained by Wilmer St. John Garwood, document his interest in and promotion of the Merit Plan for Judicial Selection and Tenure. Additionally, the materials document Garwood's activities as a public speaker and author, largely outside his capacity as an Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court. The papers are comprised of five series: Judicial Selection and Tenure, Speeches, Publications by Garwood, Personal Correspondence, Collected Materials- General.

The Judicial Selection and Tenure series (1942-1982), contains correspondence and creative works documenting Garwood’s public voice and campaign for judicial selection reform in Texas, as well as collected materials concerning judicial selection and tenure. Correspondence details the discourse among legal professionals in Texas and the nation about the issue. Creative Works comprises of Judge Garwood’s speeches and publications concerning judicial selection reform. Each speech is grouped with the correspondence and printed materials associated with the occasion. Of interest among the collected materials are pamphlets and other informational material pertaining to judicial reform legislation in Iowa, Nebraska and Oklahoma. These materials illuminate Garwood’s relationship with organizations such as the American Judicature Society and the American Bar Association, which is also documented by correspondence.

Speeches (1919-1982) comprises of eight subseries based on the audience addressed by Garwood. When applicable, each speech is accompanied by the correspondence and printed materials associated with the occasion. Speech topics range from U.S. foreign policy and Spanish heritage in the law of Texas to Garwood’s activities in the campaign for a new Supreme Court building. Publications by Garwood (1934-1974) contains articles, drafts and editorials. Several of Garwood’s articles originated as speeches which he subsequently prepared for publication. Personal Correspondence (1948-1982) documents professional coordination with colleagues and friends.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

None.

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Related Material

Related materials include the papers of Judge Graham B. Smedley and Judge Joe R. Greenhill, Sr. Additionally, a photograph of Judge W. St. John Garwood may be found in the Texas Jurists Collection.

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Administrative Information

Cite As

St. John Garwood Papers, Tarlton Law Library, University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

Donated ca. 1984.

Processing History

Processed by Erik Beck, Beth Nettels and Sandra Yates, Fall 2008. Arrangement and finding aid edited by Jennifer Cummings, 2009.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Judicial Selection, 1942-1982

Correspondence, 1942-1982
box folder
Garwood 1 1 Allard, Robert E., 1963-1965
2 American Bar Association, 1966
3 American League of Women Voters, 1964
4 Bradbury, Bryan, 1966
5 Calvert, Robert W., 1960-1963
6 Cornwall, Gertrude, 1962-1964
7 Cox, Joyce, 1964-1966
8 Dugger, Ronnie, 1963-1964
9 Eastland, Donald, 1966
10 Francis, Charles, 1964-1966
11 Garza, Reynaldo, 1964
12 Greenhill, Joe, 1964
13 Hazard, Geoffrey C., Jr., 1965
14 Hyde, Lawrence M., 1962
15 Jones, Franklin, 1963-1964
16 Lochridge, Lloyd, 1964-1966
17 McCormick, Charles T., 1960
18 McMullen, James A., III, 1963-1964
19 Morehead, Richard, 1964
20 Newcomb, Harold, 1961-1964
21 Peacock, Howard, 1964
22 Pool, William E., 1963-1964
23 Reavley, Tom, 1958, 1964
24 Schneider. R.E., Jr., 1963-1964
25 Strong, Paul, 1964
26 Watson, Richard, 1966
27 Winters, Glenn R., 1962-1966
General
[5 Folders]
28 1948
29 1960-1966
30 1967-1968
31 1969-1972
32 1973-1982
Creative Works, 1948-1974
General, 1964
box folder
Garwood 2 1 National Conference on Judicial Selection, Tenure and Administration, 1958-1959
Texas Conference on Judicial Selection, Tenure and Administration,
[4 Folders]
2 1964
3 1964
4 1964
5 1964
Speeches, 1948-1972
box folder
Garwood 2 6 Democratic Primary Statement, 1948
7 Hidalgo County Bar Association, 1948
8 Illinois State Bar Association, 1954
9 Joint Meeting- Bars of Illinois and Chicago, 1959
10 American Judicature Breakfast, 1960
11 Official Wives Club, 1962
12 Austin Woman's Club, 1962
13 Rotary Club- Oklahoma City, 1962
14 American Bar Association- Section of Judicial Administration, 1962
box
Garwood 3 Modern Courts for Oklahoma Conference on Judicial Selection, Tenure and Organization,
[2 Folders]
1 1962
2 1962
3 Arkansas Bar Association- Selection of Judicial Administration, 1962
4 Rotary Club- Houston, 1963
5 Texas Federation of Women's Clubs, 1963
6 Dallas Bar Association, 1963
Colorado Conference on Judicial Selection and Tenure,
[2 Folders]
7 1963
8 1963
Louisiana Conference on Judicial Selection and Tenure,
[2 Folders]
9 1964
box folder
Garwood 4 1 1964
2 Rotary Club- Austin, 1964
3 Kiwanis Club- Austin, 1964
4 Austin League of Women Voters Meeting, 1964
5 San Antonio Junior Bar Association, 1964
Citizens Conference on Modernization of the Pennsylvania Judicial System,
[2 Folders]
6 1964
7 1964
8 Rotary Club- Austin, 1964
9 Florida Bar Convention, 1964
box folder
Garwood 5 1 Austin Jaycees, 1965
2 Tennessee State Bar Association, 1965
3 Social Science Club, 1965
4 Episcopal Theological Seminary of the Southwest, 1966
5 Rice University Speech, 1967
6 Phi Delta Phi, 1967
7 Waco Bar Association Speech, 1967-1968
8 KTRH Radio Broadcast, 1968
9 Constitutional Revision Committee, 1968
10 Texas State Bar- Judicial Section, McAllen, TX, 1968
11 National Secretaries Association, 1970-1971
12 Phi Delta Phi, 1972
13 Texas State Bar- Judicial Section Luncheon, 1972
Publications, 1956-1974
box folder
Garwood 5 14 Jury System Article, 1956
15 Reports and Articles, 1958-1962
Southwestern Law Journal Article, "Democracy and the Popular Election of Judges: An Argument,"
[2 Folders]
16 1959-1964
17 1962
18 Modern Judiciary Article for State Constitutions, 1962
box folder
Garwood 6 1 Article on Crawford Martin Speech, 1963
2 American Judicature Society, vol. 47, no. 1, "Judicial Selection and Tenure- The Modern Article Provisions," 1963
3 Texas Bar Journal Article, "Judicial 'Planned Parenthood,'" 1963
4 Harvard Law Review Article, 1961-1964
5 Letters to Editors, 1967, 1975
6 "Proposed Judicial Article of the Texas Constitution," 1972
7 Texas Tech Law Review Article, "Judicial Revision- An Argument for the Merit Plan for Judicial Selection and Tenure," 1973-1974
Collected Materials, 1944-1972
box folder
Garwood 6 8 Articles by Richard Morehead, Glenn R. Witners, and Robert Allard, 1948
9 American Bar Association Publications, 1966, 1973
10 American Bar Association- Judicial Section Publications, 1952-1967
11 American Bar Foundation Memorandum 1958
12 American Judicature Society Publications, 1944-1963
box folder
Garwood 7 1 American Judicature Society Publications, 1964-1972
American Judicature Society- National Conference on the Judiciary,
[3 Folders]
2 1948-1971
3 1948-1971
4 1948-1971
5 Committee on the Removal and Discipline of Judges, 1962-1964
6 Conference Publications, 1959-1971
box folder
Garwood 8 1 Flyers, Undated
2 Institute of Judicial Administration, 1958
3 Judicial Study Commission Reports, 1962, 1966
4 Law School Journals, 1952-1967
5 League of Women Voters of Texas, 1965
6 Mississippi State Bar CLE Regional Seminars, "Introduction to the Uniform Commercial Code," 1967
7 Nebraska Merit Plan, Undated
8 Proposed Amendments, 1965
9 Reprints, 1961-1962
10 Selection and Tenure of Judges," Undated
11 Speeches, 1959-1969
box folder
Garwood 9 1 State Bar Journals, 1962-1968
2 Texas Bar Journal, 1963
3 Texas Judicial Reform, 1957, 1971
4 Texas Judicial System, 1963-1965
5 Texas Observer, 1963-1965
6 Thesis, 1963
7 Clippings, 1958-1971
8 Assorted Publications, 1957-1970

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Speeches, 1919-1982

Government and Policy Committees, 1948-1971
box folder
Garwood 10 1 Remarks on Being First Seated on Bench of Supreme Court of Texas, 1948
2 Texas Conference for the United Nations, 1954
3 Texas State Federation of Labor, 1955
4 Panel: "Laying the Corner Stone- Supreme Court Building," 1957
5 5th Circuit Judicial Conference, 1959, 1976
6 Sam D. W. Low Dinner, 1969
7 Consulship Ceremony, Chrys J. Dougherty, 1971
8 Remarks on Being First Seated on Bench of Supreme Court of Texas, 1948
Legal Associations, 1948-1980
box folder
Garwood 10 9 Houston Bar Association, 1948
10 Beaumont Bar- "Do We Have a Spanish Law Heritage?" 1948
11 UT Law Alums of Houston, 1948
12 Junior Bar, State Bar Conference, 1949
13 Texas Bar Association, "Atlantic Union," 1949
14 San Antonio Bar, 1950s
15 Texas State Bar- Judicial Section, 1950s
16 Hill County Bar, 1950s
17 Texas State Bar- Judicial Section, 1951
18 Amarillo Bar Banquet (Ladies' Night), 1952
19 Texarkana Bar Association, 1952
20 UT Law School Grads, 1952
21 Bar of Wichita Falls, 1952
22 Dallas Law Wives' "Country Fair Dinner," Humorous Address, 1953
23 Oklahoma State Bar Association, 1953
American Bar Association- Southern Regional Meeting,
[2 Folders]
24 1953-1954
25 1954
26 To Galveston Bar, 1954
27 Hidalgo County Bar Association, 1954
28 American Bar Association- Deep South Regional Meeting, 1955
box folder
Garwood 11 1 Inter-American Bar Conference, 1955-1956
2 Tennessee Bar Association, 1955-1956
3 Abilene Bar Annual Banquet, 1955-1956
4 Huntsville Bar Association Banquet, 1955-1956
5 American Bar Association Junior Section, 1956
6 Border Bar in Del Rio, 1957
7 Middle Temple, 1957
8 Colorado Bar Association, 1957
9 Shreveport Bar Assocation, 1957
10 Colorado Bar Meeting, 1957-1962
11 Bar of the Twelfth Judicial District, 1958
12 Oregon State Bar Association, 1958
13 Texas Bar Association- Judicial Section, 1958, 1975
14 Texas Bar Association 1958 Convention, 1958
15 Student Bar Association of Houston- "How Weary is Erie?," circa 1958
box folder
Garwood 12 1 Grayson County Bar Association, 1958
2 Amarillo Bar Association, 1959
3 Dallas Bar Association, 1959
4 Ft. Worth Bar Association, 1959
5 Louisiana Judiciary and Judicial Council, 1961
6 American Bar Association- Southern Regional Meeting, 1961
7 American Bar Association Assembly, 1961
8 Phi Delta Theta Alumni Club, 1962
9 Florida Bar Association, 1964
10 Louisiana State Law Institute, 1964
11 Phi Delta Phi- "Wigs, Gowns and Justice," 1964
12 American College of Probate Counsel, 1969
13 Wichita Falls Bar Law Day Dinner, 1969
14 South Central Texas Bar Association, 1980
Educational Institutions, 1919-1977
box folder
Garwood 13 1 University of Texas- "The Donkey Defense," 1919, 1949
2 American Association of University of Accountants, 1945
3 University of Houston, 1945
4 Students of Milly High School, 1947
5 St. John's School, 1948
6 Association of Business Managers of American Universities, 1945
7 Latin American Grads of Austin High School, 1950s
8 Texas Execs, 1950
9 Lecture to UT Students on Supreme Court Practice, 1950
10 Texas Law School Graduates- Houston, 1952
11 Delta Theta Phi, 1954
12 UT Law Day, 1955
13 St. John's School, 1955
14 On Receiving Honororary Sergeant at Law Coif, 1957
15 UT Law Day, 1958
16 Institute of International Education, 1959
17 Scholia of UT, 1959
18 Phi Delta Phi Banquet, 1959
19 Texas Law Review on "The Connally Amendment," 1960
20 Baylor Law Day, 1961
21 Huston-Tillotston, 1964
University of Texas- Law and Free Society Lectures,
[2 Folders]
22 1964
23 1965
24 Texas Southern University, 1966
25 UT American Art Exhibition, 1966
26 UT Law Day- Dedication Acceptance Speech, 1967
Includes reel to reel audio tape
27 UT Faculty and Foundation, 1967
28 Phi Beta Kappa- UT, 1968
29 UT Lectures, 1971
30 St. Stephen's School, 1972
31 Southwestern University Lecture on Merit, 1977
32 Boys' State Group, Undated
Community and Professional Organizations, 1941-1976
box folder
Garwood 14 1 Pan American Round Table Convention, 1941, 1969
2 Texas Association of Cost Accountants, 1945-1946
3 Sons of the Republic of Texas, San Jacinto Chapter, 1948
4 YMCA, 1948
5 American Legion- Bastrop, 1948
6 Austin Chamber of Commerce, 1948
7 Galveston League of Texas Municipation, 1949
8 First Presbyterian Church, 1949-1950
9 St. David Parish Club, 1950s
10 Methodist Brotherhood, 1950s
11 Texas State Counsel of Methodist Women, 1951
12 Texas Society of Mental Health, 1951
13 Post Office Carriers and Clerks, 1951
14 Episcopal Church- Midland, 1953
15 Junior Chamber of Commerice- Austin, 1954
16 Texas Association of Osteopathic Physicians, 1957
17 Houston Council, Navy League of U.S.- Navy Day, 1957
18 Friends of Austin Public Library, 1959
19 Texas Mortgage Bankers Association, 1959
20 Jewish Territory Celebration, 1959
21 Austin League of Women Voters, 1959
22 Ft. Worth Junior League, 1960
23 World Trade Association- Houston, 1964
24 El Paso United Nations Association, 1965
25 United Methodist Church- Panel on the Death Penalty, 1965
26 Bergstrom Air Force Base Officers, 1965-1966
27 Texas YMCA Youth Legislature, 1966
28 Friends of Corpus Christi Public LIbraries, 1967
29 Planned Parenthood, 1968
30 Pan American Student Forum, 1968
box folder
Garwood 15 1 Settlement Club, 1969
2 Heritage Society of Austin, 1973
3 International Council of World Colleges, 1973
4 Daughters of the Texas Republic, 1976
5 Texas Young Americans for Freedom, 1976
Social and Civic Clubs, 1949-1980
box folder
Garwood 15 6 Toast to "Tommy" Thompson, 1945
7 Lions Club of Ft. Worth, 1948
8 Houston Kiwanis, 1949-1950
9 Ft. Worth Kiwanis, 1952
10 Rotary Club of San Antonio, 1952
11 Round Rock Kiwanis, 1952
12 Timely Topics (Ladies' Club) of San Antonio, 1954
13 Rotary Club of Corpus Christi, 1954-1961
14 Kiwanis Dinner, 1955
15 University Area Kiwanis, 1955, 1976
16 Opening Remarks of Navy Day Banquet, 1957
17 Rotary Club of Houston, 1957
18 Kiwanis Club Valentine Party, 1958
19 Austin Kiwanis, 1958-1961
20 Spanish-American War Veterans' Convention Banquet, 1958
21 To Rotary Club, 1959
22 Town and Gown Club, 1959
23 Kappa Kappa Gamma, 1960
24 Soroptomists' Club of Austin, 1960
25 Rotary Club of Austin, 1960-1972
26 Austin American Historical Club, 1962
27 Ft. Worth English Speaking Union, 1962
box folder
Garwood 16 1 Atlanta English Speaking Union, 1963-1964
2 Fenwick Club- "Wigs, Gowns and Justice," 1965
3 Austin Kiwanis Club, 1963-1964
4 Houston English Speaking Union, 1960, 1971
5 Methodist Men's Club- Liberty, TX, Undated
6 American Legionnaires on Formation of an Atlantic Union, Undated
7 Lions Club of Ft. Worth, Undated
Public Addresses, 1941-1968
box folder
Garwood 16 8 Radio Speech on Station KPRC, 1941
9 Radio Speeches, 1946-1947
10 New Braumfels, 1948, circa 1950
11 Panel on Atlantic Union Broadcast, circa 1950
12 Radio Address- McAllen, TX, 1954
13 Induction of New Lawyers, 1955
14 Naturalization Class, 1957
15 Talk on UT College Radio Show, 1958
16 Law Day Naturalization Speech- El Paso, 1962
17 Kyle Library Dedication, 1963
18 Garwood ISD, 1964
19 Texas Bill of Rights Foundation Debate, 1968
Memorials and Tributes, 1936-1974
box folder
Garwood 16 20 Brewster, Few, 1954-1958
21 Cohen, Henry- Centennial Tribute, 1954-1958
22 Graves, Ireland, 1971
23 Griffin, Meade F., 1974
box folder
Garwood 17 1 Hickman, J.E., 1960-1962
2 Johnson, Lyndon Baines, 1973
3 Kennedy, John F., 1964
4 McCormick, Charles T., 1951
5 Phillips, Nelson, circa 1936
6 Smedley, Graham B., 1952-1954
7 Williams, Frank A., 1951
Audience Unspecified, 1925-1982
box folder
Garwood 17 8 Elmer Williams Case, 1925
9 Foriegn Investments in Latin America, 1934
10 US Relations with Argentina, 1946
11 Brownsville Speech, 1949
12 How Much Does Texas Law Owe to the Law of Spain? 1950
13 Talk on Labor Day, 1950
14 On Foreign Policy of the United Stated, c.1950
15 Rodeo Dedication, 1958
16 Toastmaster's Remarks, 1959-1960
17 Speeches with No Title, Undated

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Publications by Garwood, 1934-1974

box folder
Garwood 17 18 Georgetown College Journal- Editorial, 1917
19 Buenos Aires Lecture on American Humor, 1934, 1960
20 Argentine-North American Cultural Institute- Lecture on Thomas Jefferson, 1939
21 Editorial for Houston Press- "What Houston Needs Most," 1948
22 Free Speech and the Public Library, 1952
23 Texas Law Review- Insufficient Evidence, 1952
24 Austin Statesman Editorial, 1953, 1973
box folder
Garwood 18 1 Tennessee Law Review v.24, no.1, 1955
2 Hickman, J.E., 1960
3 Confidence and National Frontiers, 1960
4 Book Review for Ruth Walker, 1963, 1973
5 Heritage and Goals of Texas, 1963
6 Morehead and Garwood Articles, 1963-1964
7 Texas League of Women Voters- "Judicial Departments," 1965
8 Draft of Book Review, 1972
9 Philosophical Society of Texas Article on Judge James W. McClendon, 1973
10 Letters to the Editor, Latin American Relations, 1974

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Correspondence, 1948-1982

Personal, 1955-1982
box folder
Garwood 18 11 Anderson, Leslie, 1964-1965
12 Armitage, Flora, 1972
13 Greenhill, Joe, 1959, 1982
14 Herring, Charles, 1972
15 McCormick, Charles T., 1948
16 Osborne, Cyril, 1964-1965
General, 1959-1968
box folder
Garwood 18 17 Institute of International Education, 1959
18 Fifth Amendment Research, 1965-1968
box folder
Garwood 19 1 Fifth Southwestern Assembly, 1966-1967

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Collection Materials-General, 1917-1972

box folder
Garwood 19 2 Spanish Law and Equity, 1917
3 Jefferson, the Lawyer, 1950
4 U.S. Courts, 1957
5 British Government, 1960-1971
6 Assorted Notes, 1962
7 Proceedings in Honor of Justice Brennan, 1967
8 British Government and Judiciary, 1968-1972

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