Philip Pasmanick Collection of Nicaraguan Materials, 1979-1987
The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) was founded in 1961 and began its efforts to overthrow the Somoza dictatorship and replace it with a socialist government for the people. The murder of Pedro Joaquín Chamorro in 1978 signaled the beginning of an eventually successful eighteen-month overthrow of the Somoza dictatorship.
From 1979 onwards the FSLN government began to implement nation-wide literacy campaigns, economic programs, agrarian reform, and health and education programs. These programs and initiatives were implemented and successful due to thousands of volunteers.
The Nicaragua solidarity campaign and movements from the United States, Canada, and other countries began to gain speed and influence in 1979. Many pro-Sandinistas from the United States came to Nicaragua in support of the literacy campaigns and the health and economic programs. The U.S. Government and the Ronald Reagan administration supplied, trained and supported the contras, the largest group being the Nicaraguan Democratic Force (FDN), the main opposition to the FSLN. The anti-Contra War campaign and the solidarity campaigns began to coalesce and 1979-1985 would be very pivotal and active years in these various campaigns.
Peace, Roger C. A call to conscience : the anti/Contra War campaign. Amherst, Mass. : University of Massachusetts Press, 2012.
The Philip Pasmanick Collection of Nicaraguan Materials includes booklets, newspapers, essays, pamphlets, flyers, and other literature on literacy movements (alfabetización), health education, economic programs, and liberation movements in Nicaragua. The collection has been organized into four different series: Economic Programs, Helath Education, Liberation Movement Literature, and Literacy Programs.
The Economic Programs series includes pamphlets and small publications related to socio-economic programs in the first years of the Sandinista government (1979-1985). Topics include agrarian reform, food supply and security, and socio-economic security.
The Health Education series features newspapers, flyers, pamphlets, manuals, and series of publications. The different programs include Nicaragua's Organization of Disabled Revolutionaries, newspaper series published by the Nicaraguan Ministry of Health, and different health guides and best practices manuals.
The Liberation Movement Literature series includes published speeches by members of the Sandinista government, publications by the Ministry of the Interior, pamphlets and signs produced in support of the FSLN and the continued struggle with the Contras. Also included are newspapers, publications, and travelogues from individuals and solidarity groups from the United States and Canada. Materials on solidarity with the the political prisoners in Costa Rica are also included.
The Literacy Programs series includes Sandinista-produced education workbooks and pamphlets and materials from the Nicaragan Ministry of Education. Some of these workbooks are in Miskito, the language of the Miskito people from the Carribean coast of Nicaragua.
Standard copyright restrictions apply.
Cite as: Philip Pasmanick Collection of Nicaraguan Materials, Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, the University of Texas at Austin.
Collection processed by Dylan Joy, March 2017.
No further materials are expected for this collection.
Box and Folder Inventory