Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents Note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Policy Development

Administrative and General Files

Laws and Regulations

Collected Material

The Benson Latin American Collection

John Chapman Papers, 1970-2003



Descriptive Summary

Creator Chapman, John Gresham, 1943-
Title John Chapman Papers
Dates: 1970-2003
Abstract Papers of John Chapman, a former budget analyst and program analyst for the U.S. Department of Education. The materials in the collection document the federal bilingual education program, education of limited English proficient (LEP) students, some files on the Lau v. Nichols case, and other education issues. The collection includes bilingual education budget hearing briefing books, resource budget books, material on legislative proposals, research study reports, reports on the condition of bilingual education in the nation, and clippings.
Accession No. 2008-06
Call No. BENSON-MS CHAPMAN
OCLC Record No. 885254831
Extent 19 linear feet
Language English
Repository Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

John Gresham Chapman, the son of Dr. Carleton Burke Chapman and Ruth Horine Chapman, was born on March 13, 1943 in Boston, Massachusetts. In 1961, he graduated from Highland Park High School in Dallas, Texas. Chapman attended the College of Wooster in Wooster, Ohio where he majored in Spanish and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1965. After graduating from the College of Wooster, he entered graduate school at the University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), where he obtained his Masters in Latin American Studies in 1967.

On January 1966, Chapman married Barbara Deane Austin of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He worked for the United States Information Agency, stationed in Montevideo, Uruguay, from September 1966 through December 1967. After returning from Uruguay, he renewed his graduate studies and earned a Ph.D. in History from UT Austin in 1971.

He later went on to work for the United States Office of Education, part of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW). In 1980, the Department of Education was created from the Office of Education (formerly part of HEW). Chapman spent most of his career involved in the development of budget and legislative policies relating to the federal bilingual education program and the immigrant education program.

Sources:

  • Chapman, John Gresham. Yucatecan secessionism: 1839-1843. Austin, Texas, 1967. Vita.
  • Chapman, John Gresham. Steam, enterprise and politics: the building of the Veracruz-Mexico City railway, 1837-1880. Austin, Texas, 1971. Vita.
  • Stewner-Manzanares, Gloria. "The Bilingual Education Act: Twenty Years Later," New Focus, Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education, No. 6, Fall 1988.

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Scope and Contents Note

The materials in the John Chapman collection deal primarily with the federal bilingual education program which was first authorized by the Bilingual Education Act of 1968. The act became Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) and first received funding in 1969. The Bilingual Education Act was reauthorized in 1974, 1978, 1984, 1988 and 2002. Chapman collected the materials in the collection while working for the Department of Education. The collection includes two sets of budget books, compilations of federal education laws, Department of Education files, and an almost complete set of press clippings documenting what was said about bilingual education in U.S. newspapers.

The John Chapman collection is divided into four series: Policy Development, Administrative and General Files, Laws and Regulations, and Collected Material.

  Policy and Development series includes committee files of the Title VII Part C Research Committee in charge of coordinating the Department of Education's bilingual education research agenda. The series includes reports of research studies funded by the Department, arranged alphabetically (contract number and year contract began is included when available). Also included are two sets of budget books; one set was specifically prepared for budget hearings and the other set was prepared as a resource. The resource budget books were called "Yellow Books" by the staff and may include but are not limited to: memos, questions and answers regarding the budget, and testimonies. If the budget analyst in charge of a program was not present other budget analysts could answer questions by using the "yellow book." The budget books are organized chronologically.

Legislative Proposals files may include but are not limited to memos, clippings, notes, questions and answers in preparation for the bilingual education legislative hearings, press releases, bill copies, reports, and statements/testimonies made by interested individuals (e.g. CABE, MALDEF, NEA, and businessmen).

Files regarding the Secretary of Education William J. Bennett's Bilingual Education Initiative include memos, correspondence, bill analysis, press releases, hearing notes, and statements by interested individuals (e.g. MALDEF, NABE, NCLR, and LULAC).

  Administrative and General Files series includes files from the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) regarding the bilingual education program as well as Department of Education files, information on education for immigrant children, and reports from the National Advisory Council for Bilingual Education (NACBE) to the Commissioner of Education/Secretary of Education. Other reports on the condition of bilingual education in the United States from the Commissioner/Secretary of Education to Congress are also included.

  Laws and Regulations series includes some files regarding the Lau v. Nichols court case, bilingual education opinions by the Department of Education's Office of General Counsel (OGC), and a compilation of federal education laws.

  Collected Material series includes articles, newsletters, reports, and other published material related to bilingual education. This series includes a set of press clippings from 1974 through 2002 documenting what was being said in U.S. newspapers about bilingual education, Hispanics and immigration. The clippings from 1974 to 1984 are not inclusive. Other collected material include a series of reports from the United States Commission on Civil Rights Mexican American Education Study series.

Common abbreviations include:

  • CABE = California Association for Bilingual Education
  • DESVA = Division of Elementary, Secondary and Vocational Analysis (part of Budget Office)
  • ESEA = Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
  • LEAs = Local Education Agencies
  • LULAC = League of United Latin American Citizens
  • MALDEF = Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)
  • NABE = National Association for Bilingual Education
  • NCES = National Center for Education Statistics
  • NCLR = National Council of La Raza
  • NIE = National Institute of Education
  • OBEMLA = Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs
  • OGC = Office of General Counsel (part of the Department of Education)
  • OERI = Office of Educational Research and Improvement
  • OPBE = Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation
  • PES = Program and Evaluation Services

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.

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Index Terms

The John Chapman Papers are classified under the following Subject Headings in the University of Texas Libraries catalog:
Subjects (Persons)
Chapman, John Gresham, 1943- --Archives.
Subjects (Organizations)
United States--Department of Education--Appropriations and expenditures.
United States--Office of Education--Appropriations and expenditures.
Subjects
Education, Bilingual--Law and legislation--United States.
Education, Bilingual--United States.
Federal aid to education--United States.
Hispanic Americans--Education.
Latin Americans--Education.
Minorities--Education.
Limited English-proficient students--Education.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: John Chapman Papers, 1970-2003. Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin.

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Box and Folder Inventory

 

Policy Development

box
1 Bilingual Research Program
1-3 Bilingual research planning (chronological), 1982-1991
Committee
Note: The Bilingual Research Program was administered under Part C of ESEA Title VII. The Part C Research Coordinating Committee was chaired by the Director of the Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (OBEMLA) and included representatives from the National Institute of Education (NIE), OBEMLA, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), and members from the Office of Planning, Budget and Evaluation (OPBE). After the Part C committee was disbanded in 1984 by Secretary Terrell Bell due to intra-departmental problems, the distribution of research funds was negotiated between the Program and Evaluation Services (PES) and OBEMLA.
4 Part C Research Coordinating Committee files, 1978-1979, 1982
box folder
2 1 Part C Research Coordinating Committee files (continued), 1982-1985
2 Research Committee (Coordinating Committee on Bilingual Education Research and Evaluation), 1987, 1989-1990, 1992-1994, 2001, 2003
Research Projects
Note: Reports of studies funded under the Research Program or other reports prepared for Department of Education offices/units.
3 The Assimilation of American Language Minorities: Structure, Pace, and Extent / Calvin J. Veltman, 1979 June
Note: Prepared for the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Office of Education, Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW).
4 Descriptive Study of the Classroom Instruction Component of the ESEA Title VII Bilingual Education Program (Technical Report), 1983 February 15
Note: Development Associates, contracted in 1979, and funded through Part C of ESEA Title VII.
Descriptive Study of Services to Limited English Proficient (LEP) Students
Note: Development Associates Inc., contract # LC91003001.
5 Paper # 2: The Role of State Funding in Services to LEP Students / Paul J. Hopstock, 1993 June 23
6 Special Issue Paper: The Role of Title VII (draft) / Paul J. Hopstock, 1993
7 Volume I: Summary of Findings and Conclusions / Howard L. Fleischman and Paul J. Hopstock, 1993
box folder
3 1 Volume II: Survey Results / Paul J. Hopstock et al (draft report, email print out), 1993 February 26, 1996
2 Descriptive Study of Services to LEP Students and LEP Students with Disabilities Research Report (Volume I draft), 2003 June 18
Note: Contract # ED-00-CO-0089
Dissemination and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education (DACBE)
Note: DACBE Education Service Center, Region XIII, Austin, Texas
3 Guide to Title VII ESEA Bilingual Bicultural Programs 1976-1977, circa 1977
4 Guide to Title VII ESEA Bilingual Bicultural Programs 1978-1979, 1979 February
Evaluation of the Impact of ESEA Title VII Spanish/English Bilingual Education Program / American Institutes of Research (AIR)
5 Critiques of AIR study on bilingual education (ESEA Title VII), 1977
6 Office of Education files (memos, correspondence, releases), 1976-1978
7 St. John Valley Bilingual Education Project / Madawaska, Maine, 1975 August
box folder
4 1 Study of Bilingual-Bicultural Projects Involving Native American, Indo-European, Asian and Pacific Language Groups, 1975 September
2 The Feasibility of Collecting Comparable National Statistics about Students with Limited English Proficiency (LEP), 1994 September
Note: Prepared by Oona M. Cheung, Barbara S. Clemens, and Y. Carol Miu under contract to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), U.S. Department of Education.
3 Federally Funded Research in Bilingual Education, Master List of Studies, 1984 October
4 LEP Students: Characteristics and School Services (descriptive phase report) / National Longitudinal Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Services for Language Minority Limited English Proficient Students, 1984 December
Note: Contract # 300-83-0300, Development Associates Inc. and Research Triangle Institute.
5 Longitudinal Study of Structured English Immersion Strategy, Early-Exit and Late-Exit Transitional Bilingual Education Programs for Language Minority Children (final report, executive summary, and briefing paper), 1991 February
6-7 Parent Preference Study (also called Parent Attitude Study), 1985-1986, 1988-1989
Note: Contracted in 1985.
8 State Activities Related to the Education of LEP Students (Special Report C) / Special Issues Analysis Center (SIAC) for OBEMLA, 1989 September 22
9 Students with a Primary Language Other Than English: Distribution and Service Rates / Ann M. Milne and Jan M. Gombert, 1981 March 6
Note: Contract # 300-80-0778.
box folder
5 1 Study of Teacher Training Programs in Bilingual Education: "Volume II: The Supply of and Demand for Bilingual Education Teachers" (Executive Summary, Report), 1981 September
Note: Contract # 3000-79-0040.
Summaries of Bilingual Education Research Funded by the U.S. Department of Education / Pelavin Associates Inc.
Note: Prepared for the Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation (OPBE).
2 Volume I, 1984 October
3-5 Volume II Part 1-3, 1984 October
box folder
6 1 Volume II Part 4, 1984 October
2-3 Volume III Part 1-2, 1984 October
Budget Books
Bilingual Education Budget Hearing Briefing Books
Note: Contain material used in preparation for the budget hearings each fiscal year including testimonies, memos, and questions and answers regarding the budget.
Arrangement: By Fiscal Year
4 1982
box folder
7 1 1983
2-3 1984
4 1985
5 1986
box folder
8 1 1987
2 1988
3 1989
4 1990
5 1991
box folder
9 1 1992
2 1993
3 1994
4-5 1995
box folder
10 1 1996
2-3 2004
Resource "Yellow Books"
Note: Depending on the fiscal year, Yellow Books may include: a preliminary budget; questions and answers to be answered for the record – in preparation of the budget hearings (regarding the Department of Education's proposed budget, what type of studies were funded, amount spent on different programs); testimonies given at hearings; memos; correspondence; releases; news clippings; program descriptions. Other material includes: information on relevant court cases affecting how the bilingual education money is appropriated (e.g. the Lau v. Nichols case, Lau Remedies); budget tables depicting ESEA Title VII distribution of funds; partial copies of U.S. Senate reports; copies of resolutions (House, Senate); and funding history statements.
4-5 Fiscal Year 1975, 1974-1975
box folder
11 1 Fiscal Year 1976, 1975-1976
2 Fiscal Year 1977, 1974-1977
3-4 Fiscal Year 1978, 1975-1980
5 Fiscal Year 1979, 1974-1979
box folder
12 1 Fiscal Year 1979 (continued), 1974-1979
2 Fiscal Year 1980, 1978-1980
3 Fiscal Year 1981, 1979-1980
4-5 Fiscal Year 1982, 1980-1982
box folder
13 1-2 Fiscal Year 1983, 1981-1983
3-4 Fiscal Year 1984, 1982-1984
5 Fiscal Year 1985, 1983-1985
box folder
14 1 Fiscal Year 1985 (continued), 1983-1985
2-3 Fiscal Year 1986, 1984-1986
4 Fiscal Year 1987, 1985-1987
5 Fiscal Year 1988, 1986-1988
box folder
15 1-2 Fiscal Year 1989, 1987-1989
3-4 Fiscal Year 1990, 1988-1990
5 Fiscal Year 1991, 1989-1991
box
16 Legislative Proposals
1-2 1981-1982
3-4 1983
5 1984-1986
box folder
17 1 1984-1986 (continued)
2-3 1987
4 1988
5 1992
6 1993
box folder
18 1 1993 (continued)
Secretary William J. Bennett and his Bilingual Education Initiative
2-3 Bilingual Education Initiative briefing book, 1985-1986
4-5 Bilingual Education Initiative briefing book material, 1978, 1981, 1983, 1985-1986
box folder
19 1 Texas Education Conference (Bennett addressed Conference), 1987
2 White House Briefing, 1985

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Administrative and General Files

box folder
19 3 Basic Bilingual Program Funding by State (1969-1981) and Fellowship Programs (1976-1981) tables, circa 1981
4 Cavazos, Lauro F., Secretary of Education ("Bilingual Education: Politics vs. Pedagogy" article), 1989
5 Department of Education memos, 1979 November, 1981 July, September
6-7 Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) bilingual education files (memos and correspondence), 1974-1976
8 Development Associates Inc. (lists of language codes), 1994
9 "Effectiveness of Bilingual Education: A Review of the Literature" (Final Draft Report) by Keith A. Baker and Adriana A. de Kanter, 1981 September 25
Note: Part of the Department of Education's Technical Analysis Report Series. The paper was written by staff members in the Office of Planning, Budget and Evaluation (OPBE).
10 English Acquisition Program Cost Study – Phases I-IV, Arizona Department of Education, 2001
11 Fiscal Year 1995 database data documentation and codebook, 1996
box folder
20 1 "History All-Purpose Table" budget table, 2001 January 3
Immigration
2 Bilingual legislation, 1994
3 Children of Immigrants, the Adaptation Process of the Second Generation papers from a Mellon Foundation grant project, 1992 December, 1993 December
Note: "The New Second Generation: Segmented Assimilation and its Variants among Post-1965 Immigrant Youth" by Alejandro Portes (Johns Hopkins University) and Min Zhou (Louisiana State University). Also, "The Educational Progress of Children of Immigrants" Release No. 2 by Alejandro Portes (Johns Hopkins University) and Ruben G. Rumbaut (Michigan State University).
4 Clipping, 1999
5 Education related provisions in immigration legislation (memos, correspondence), 1978, 1983-1984, 1986-1987, 1990
6 "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States, By Country of Origin and State of Residence: October 1992" / Robert Warren (Director, Statistics Division), Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS), 1994 April 29
7 General information, 1980, 1990, 1998, 2000, undated
8 Information regarding denying public education to undocumented immigrant children, 1994-1996
9 "Legal Immigration, Fiscal Year 1998" annual report (U.S. DOJ, INS), 1999 May
Note: United States Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Services (U.S. DOJ, INS)
10 Passel, Jeffrey S. (population analyst), 1980, 1984, 1986, 1990-1991, 1993, 1997
Note: Includes articles authored by Passel and others.
11 "The Triennial Comprehensive Report on Immigration" (U.S. DOJ, INS), 2002
12 James F. Oyster Bilingual Elementary School (Washington, DC), 1988, 1990-1993, 1995, 1998, 2000-2001
13 Key Bilingual Data files compact disc (CD-R), undated
Note: Recordable compact disc contains approximately 128 megabytes (MB) of files. Files are mainly Microsoft Excel spreadsheets, a couple of word documents and text files. The files were last modified in 1999 and 2000. The spreadsheets appear to contain budget information on bilingual education projects for different fiscal years.
box folder
21 1 Local Education Agencies (LEAs) that didn't receive Title VII funding (report, comments), 1984
2 "OERI Bulletin" (Office of Education Research and Improvement), 1995
3 Pelavin Associates Inc. (letter regarding historical bilingual education database), 1990
4 A Profile of Policies and Practices for Limited English Proficient Students: Screening Methods, Program Support, and Teacher Training / Mei Han, David Baker and Carlos Rodriguez, 1997 January
Note: U.S. Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics, Statistical Analysis Report.
Reports
Arrangement: Chronological
Condition of Bilingual Education in the Nation
Note: The Secretary of the Department of Education was required to submit to Congress and the President a report on the condition of bilingual education in the nation.
Commissioner of Education
5 First report, 1976 November
6 Second annual report, 1978 June
Secretary of Education
7 Report, 1982
8-9 Draft report and memo, 1983
10 Report, executive summary, and memo, 1984
11 Report, 1986
12 Report and memo, 1988
13 Reports, 1991 June 30, 1992 June 30
box
22 National Advisory Council on Bilingual Education (NACBE)
Note: The National Advisory Council on Bilingual Education (NACBE) was authorized by the 1974 amendments to the Bilingual Education Act. The Council was independent and reported to the Commissioner of Education and later the Secretary of Education. In 1985 the NACBE changed its name to National Advisory and Coordinating Council on Bilingual Education (NACCBE).
1 First annual report: "Bilingual Education: Quality Education for All Children," 1975 November 1
2 Second annual report, 1976 November
3 Fifth annual report (1980-1981): "The Prospects for Bilingual Education in the Nation," circa 1981
4 Sixth annual report (1981-1982), circa 1982
5 Sixth annual report amended edition (1981-1982), circa 1982
6 Seventh annual report (1982-1983): "Bilingual Education: Meeting the Needs of the Eighties," circa 1983
7 Eighth annual report, 1984
8 Ninth annual report: "New Directions in Late '80s," 1985 March
9 Tenth annual report: "New Directions in Late '80s Pursued," 1986 March
10 Eleventh annual report (includes memos and comments), 1987
11 Research general files (articles, memos, correspondence), 1986, 1991, 1997-2000, 2002
box folder
23 1 "Size of the Eligible Language Minority Population" (draft final report) / Robert E. Barnes and Ann M. Milne, 1981 September 25
2 Title VII Basic Programs Cumulative Information 1969-1981, circa 1981

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Laws and Regulations

box folder
23 3 Bilingual education regulations, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1986
Lau v. Nichols Court Case
Note: Class action suit representing 1,800 Chinese students against the San Francisco school district alleging that the students were denied equal education because of their limited English proficiency/skills.
4 Lau et al v. Nichols et al certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 2001
Note: Case was argued December 10, 1973 and decided on January 21, 1974. Printed in 2001.
5-6 Lau Policy Binder (Lau Remedies/Regulations), 1970, 1974-1975, 1979-1982, 1985
7 Lau v. Nichols related material (binder), 1973-1976
Laws
Arrangement: Chronological
8 Department of Education Organization Act (Public Law 96-88), 1979 October 17
9 A Compilation of Federal Education Laws: Volume II--Elementary and Secondary Education and Related Programs as amended through December 31, 1982, 1983 July
10 A Compilation of Federal Education Laws: Volume II--Elementary and Secondary Education, Education of the Handicapped, and Related Programs as amended through December 31, 1984, 1984 December
box folder
24 1 A Compilation of Federal Education Laws: Volume II--Elementary and Secondary Education, Education of the Handicapped, and Related Programs as amended through December 31, 1986, 1987 March
2 A Compilation of Federal Education Laws: Volume II--Elementary and Secondary Education, Individuals with Disabilities, and Related Programs as amended through December 31, 1990, 1991 July
3 A Compilation of Federal Education Laws: Volume I--General Provisions as amended through December 31, 1992, 1993 April
4 Improving America's Schools Act Conference Report to accompany HR 6, 1994
5 A Compilation of Federal Education Laws: Volume II--Elementary and Secondary Education, Individuals with Disabilities, and Related Programs as amended through December 31, 1997, 1998 February
box folder
25 1 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Conference Report to Accompany H.R. 1, 2001 December
2 Office of General Counsel (OGC) bilingual education opinions, 1981-1983, 1985, 1988-1992

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Collected Material

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25 Articles
3 Articles, 1991, 1997-1999, 2002
Note: Authors include Dimitri Katsareas (1991), Robert D. King (1997), Jay P. Greene (1998), Stephen D. Krasher (1998), Jim Cummings (1999), and Alejandro Portes and Lingxin Hao (2002).
4 Articles, book chapter, and a draft paper, 1983-1984, undated
5 Crawford, James and James Lyons articles, 1998, 2003
6 Fillmore, Lily Wong ("When Learning a Second Language Means Losing the First"), 1991
7 Native American languages (articles), 2000
8 Population growth (article, Department of Commerce release), 2002
9 Waggoner, Dorothy (language related articles), 1975-1976, 1978
box folder
26 1 Waggoner, Dorothy (specialist in language minority statistics) files, 1983, 1986-1987, 1991-1995
2 BEOutreach, A News Magazine from the Bilingual Education Office (California), 1992-1993
3 Bilingual Education: An Unmet Need, Comptroller General of the United States, 1976 May 19
4 The Bilingual Special Education Perspective (newsletter Vol. X), UT Austin College of Education, Department of Special Education, 1990 fall
5 Compendium of Research on Bilingual Education (introduction only) / Gustavo Gonzalez and Lento Maez (Editors), circa 1995
6 Diverse Voices: The Inclusion of Language-Minority Populations in National Studies: Challenges and Opportunities (government publication), 2001 August
7 EAC-WEST NEWS (newsletter Vol. 4, No. 3) University of New Mexico, College of Education, 1991 June
8 Hispanic Americans Today, Bureau of the Census (Current Population Reports / Population Characteristics), 1993
9 Journal of Law and Education (Vol. 15, No. 4 and Vol. 17, No. 4), 1986 fall, 1988 fall
Note: Includes articles on bilingual education: "The Social Science Evidence on Bilingual Education" by Christine H. Rossell and J. Michael Ross (Vol. 15, No. 4) and "Selecting and Exiting Students in Bilingual Educational Programs" by Christine Rossell and Keith Baker (Vol. 17, No. 4).
10 NABE News newsletter and letter, 1984-1985, 1989
National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education (NCBE)
11 FOCUS, Presenting Thought-provoking Papers on Bilingual Education, 1980-1981
12-14 Forum / NCBE Forum newsletter, 1978-1995
box
27 National Council of La Raza (NCLR)
1 The Education of Hispanics: Selected Statistics prepared by Lori S. Orum, 1985 July
2 Education Network News newsletter (Vol. 5, No. 2), 1986 March/April
3 "Special Report: Short Answers to Common Questions About Bilingual Education" by Josué M. González, assisted by Lori Orum, policy analyst at NCLR, 1981
4 Policy Review (No. 25), 1983 summer
Note: Includes the article "Bilingual Education: Training for the Ghetto" by Robert E. Rossier.
5 A Policymaker's Guide to Special Language Services for Language Minority Students / Grace Stovall Mancill (National Association of State Boards of Education), 1983
Press Clippings
Note: Topics covered include but are not limited to: statements made by the Commissioner of Education/Secretary of Education; bilingual education programs in different states (e.g. California, Colorado, Arizona, and Texas); high school dropout rates of minorities; immigration as it relates to the education of undocumented immigrant children; and attempts to limit/restrict federal funding of bilingual education. Other articles debate the effectiveness of bilingual education (e.g. bilingual education vs. English as a Second Language (ESL); English immersion/sink-or-swim English immersion, and dual language programs). Clippings about legislation which aimed to make English the official language, U.S. English, "English Only" campaign/movement, Ron Unz's initiative "English for the Children" and California's bilingual education program.
6-8 1974-1984
9-10 1985
box folder
28 1 1985 (continued)
2-3 1986
4-5 1987
box folder
29 1-2 1988
3-4 1989
5 1990
box folder
30 1 1990 (continued)
2-3 1991
4 1992
5 1993
box folder
31 1 1994
2-3 1995
4-5 1996
box folder
32 1-4 1997
box folder
33 1 1997 (continued)
2-5 1998
box folder
34 1-5 1998 (continued)
box folder
35 1 1998 (continued)
2-4 1999
5 2000
box folder
36 1-4 2000 (continued)
5 2001
box folder
37 1-2 2001 (continued)
3-5 2002
box folder
38 1 2002 (continued)
2 The Research Bulletin, Hispanic Policy Development Project (Vol. 1, No. 1-2; Vol. 2, No. 1), 1986 fall, 1987 fall, 1991 spring
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Mexican American Education Study Series
3 Report I: Ethnic Isolation of Mexican Americans in the Public Schools of the Southwest, 1971 April
4 Report II: The Unfinished Education: Outcomes for Minorities in the Five Southwestern States, 1971
5 Report III: The Excluded Student: Educational Practices Affecting Mexican Americans in the Southwest, 1972 May
6 Report IV: Mexican American Education in Texas: A Function of Wealth, 1972
7 Report V: Teachers and Students: Differences in Teacher Interaction with Mexican American and Anglo Students, 1973 March
8 Report VI: Toward Quality Education for Mexican Americans, 1974 February

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