Santiago Tapia Papers, 1823-1866
Soldier, general, governor. Born in Aguililla, Mexico, in 1820. Died in Matamoros in 1866. Entered the Mexican Army at the age of twelve "under the protection of General Santa Anna" and participated in the war against the French invasion of Veracruz (1838-1839), the War with Texas, the U.S.-Mexican War and the War of French intervention, 1861-1867. He was involved in political conflicts between liberal and conservative factions, adhering to the "Plan de Ayutla" and joining the Liberal army during the "Guerra de los Tres Años (1858-1861). Tapia was governor of Puebla in 1862, of Michoacán in 1863 and of Tamaulipas in 1866. He died of typhus during the siege of Matamoros.
Collection consists of Santiago Tapia's holograph memoir: "Memorias del ingreso, permanencia y separaciones de la carrera de las armas de Santiago Tapia", where he relates his military activity in the Mexican Army between 1832 and 1852, and historical events in which he either participated or witnessed, such as his extensive commentary on the Goliad Massacre (Mar. 27, 1836). Records of his military awards, appointments and letters received by him (1845-1862) are present, including the military records of his father. Major correspondents include Benito Júarez.
Organized into three series: I. Santiago Tapia, 1839-1866. II. Antonio Tapia, 1823-1852. III. Estéfana Longoria Urresti, 1839. In series I only, are the following sub-series: 1. Memoir (238 p. ; 23 cm.). 2. Letters received. General, 1845-1862. 3. Letters received from Benito Juárez, 1862-1863. 4. Military awards, appointments and other records, 1839-1866.
Standard copyright restrictions apply.
Cite as: Santiago Tapia Papers, Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin.
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