The Benson Latin American Collection

I.L. Maduro Jr. Photographs, c.1904-1914

Descriptive Summary

Creator Maduro, I.L.
Title I.L. Maduro Jr. Photographs
Dates: c.1904-1914
Abstract Photographic prints of Panama during the canal excavation.
OCLC Record No. N/A
Extent 99 prints
Language English
Repository Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Scope and Contents Note

Black-and-white postcard-type photographic prints showing Panama during the time of the construction of the canal, with scenes from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Each print is marked as copyrighted to I.L. Maduro, Jr. The photographs were removed from a black Eastman Kodak Co. album for preservation purposes; their original order was maintained in the number sequence. Numbers printed on the back of each print (e.g. "86B") are listed in brackets after the item description.

The collection was a gift to the Benson Collection by Harry H. Hughes of Austin, whose grandfather J.W. Underwood worked on the Canal. It includes a service pin awarded to Mr. Underwood "for two years continuous service on the Panama Canal," and employee tag #49971.


Access Restrictions


Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.

Index Terms

The I.L. Maduro Jr. Photographs are classified under the following Subject Headings in the University of Texas Libraries catalog:
Panama Canal (Panama)--History--Pictorial works
Panama--Description and travel--Photographs
Document Types

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: I.L. Maduro Jr. Photographs, Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin.

Box and Folder Inventory



box folder
1 1 1. Toro Point Lighthouse, Colon (where the breakwater is being built)
2. Christ Church, Colon
3. New Government Building, Colon
4. Street and Catholic Church, Colon
5. Front Street, Colon (railroads)
6. Front Street (telephone poles, lines on the left)
7. Fifth Street and railroad station, Colon
8. Bolivar Street, Colon
9. Bolivar Street and Imperial Hotel
10. Imperial Hotel and Front Street
11. Washington Hotel


Porto Bello

box folder
1 2 12. YMCA, Porto Bello, Panama
13. General view of old Porto Bello showing old Spanish forts, Panama
Water front, Panama (Caribbean side?)


Canal Zone

box folder
1 3 15. Atlantic entrance to the Canal and the statue of Columbus, Cristobal
16. Atlantic entrance to the canal, Cristobal
17. Railroad boat "Panama" arriving at Cristobal
18. Unloading a ship-load of lumber for the canal at Cristobal
19. Canal head offices at Cristobal
(2 copies) [9B]
20. General offices, at Cristobal
21. Second Street, Cristobal
22. Third Street, Cristobal
23. You Men's Christian Association, Cristobal
(2 copies) [79B]
24. COLON: Canal hospital
25. Native village at Gatun and Chagres River
26. The site where the dam is going to be built at Gatun
27. Showing site for the dam at Gatun
28. The dam under construction, Gatun
29. Street scene, Gatun
30. Gatun, street scene (two-story housing)
31. Old church at Gatun
(2 copies) [36B]
32. Town of San Pablo showing ICC Hotel
33. A dirt spreader, one of the useful machines being used by the ICC, San Pablo
34. The machine shops at Gorgona
35. Main Square, Gorgona
36. Main Street, Gorgona
37. Street scene, Gorgona (fire hydrant)
38. Street scene, Gorgona
39. Gorgona: Avenue A, with Zone post office in the foreground
40. Bas Obispo: Marine Camp, Camp Elliott
41. Las Cascadas: Engine sheds and town of Las Cascadas
42. Italian and Spanish laborers at Las Cascadas
43. Bird's eye view of Empire
44. American Hotel, Empire
45. Main street, Empire
46. Empire: Canal Zone Post Office
47. Empire: Machine shops
48. Culebra: YMCA Building
49. Culebra Cut: looking towards Panama, Panama Canal
50. Culebra Cut: looking towards Colon
51. Culebra Cut: latest view, looking south
52. Culebra Cut: showing Gold Hill
53. Culebra Cut: at Rio Grande
54. Paraiso: Bird's eye view of the town of Paraiso
55. Pedro Miguel: the canal cut at Pedro Miguel, C.Z.
(2 copies) [6B]


Panama City

box folder
1 4 56. Cathedral Plaza from City Hall, Panama
57. Cathedral Plaza and Bishop's Palace
58. Cathedral Park, Panama
59. Central Park
60. Central Avenue and Sta. Ana Park
61. Sta. Anna Church
62. Government Palace
63. National Theatre
64. Plaza Sta. Anna
(2 copies) [61B]
65. Sta. Anna Park and 13th Street
66. Central Avenue (young boy on curb steps)
67. Central Avenue - Le Palais Royal, Calle 9a.
68. Central Avenue (the main thoroughfare, showing horse-drawn carriages)
69. Central Avenue (children playing in the street)
70. Main Street, Panama
71. Main Street, from the opposite direction
72. Avenue B, a narrow street
73. Market Street
74. Entrance to Ancon Hospital, Panama
75. Ancon Hospital
(2 copies)
76. Ancon Hospital
77. Ancon Hospital, with royal palms, Canal Zone
78. Canal Administration Bldg. at Ancon
79. Bull Fight, Panama
80. Bull Fight, Panama
81. Bull fight, Baseball Grounds
82. Bay of Panama
83. Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal at Balboa
84. Entrance to the Canal at La Boca, Panama
85. Old ancient church
86. Old vaults in cemetary, Panama City
87. Sanatorium at Taboga (at one time a hotel)
88. Hotel Tivoli
89. Banana plantation - Panama
90. Some beautiful palms
91. The cactus plant
92. Chorrera Falls, Panama



box folder
1 5 Unidentified group of men in military uniform, at train station
Service pin and employee tag


Enrique Jaramillo Levi Photographs

Photographs of the Panama Canal Zone during construction, 1911-1916, from Enrique Jaramillo Levi. Photos are stored here because of their common subject with the Maduro photographs.
box folder
1 6 1. Gatún Upper Locks, looking north, 15 May 1911
2. Culebra Cut, looking north, between Contractor's Hill and Gold Hill, June 1911
3. Gaillard Cut at deepest excavation section of Canal between Gold and Contractor's Hills, June 1913
4. Opening of the Panama Canal; S.S. Ancón passing Cucaracha slide, looking north, 15 August 1914
5. Construction of reinforced concrete pontoons. Erection of reinforcing, 22 January 1916