The Benson Latin American Collection

Dick J. Reavis Papers, 1968-2002

Descriptive Summary

Creator Reavis, Dick J.
Title Dick J. Reavis Papers
Dates: 1968-2002
Abstract The collection is comprised of personal papers of Texas author and journalist Dick J. Reavis, particularly those materials relating to Mario Cantú and Güero Medrano, and the Campamento 2 de Octubre.
Accession No. 2002-30
OCLC Record No. 57683288
Extent 1.5 linear feet, 1 oversize box
Language English and Spanish
Repository Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Texas author and journalist Dick J. Reavis has written much on the topic of the Mexican people, including pieces on illegal immigrants, guerrilla movements and their leaders, Mexican American civil rights activists, and the cultural shaping of modern Mexico. A native of border town Del Rio, TX, Reavis worked as a freelance writer, newspaper reporter, magazine journalist, and book author. His articles have been published in The Texas Observer, In These Times, Mother Jones, and Texas Monthly. Reavis authored the books Conversations with Moctezuma and Without Documents, and translated to English Ramón "Tainguis" Pérez's Diary of a Guerilla. Dick J. Reavis served as a senior editor at magazines Texas Monthly and Texas Parks and Wildlife, and was a 1990 Neiman Fellow in Journalism at Harvard University.

In 1977 Reavis came to know San Antonio restaurant owner and civil rights activist Mario Cantú. Cantú, infamous for his anti-establishment political activities, had become involved with with the Mexican guerrilla leader Güero Medrano and was financing his peasant revolutionary Partido Proletario Unido de America. Reavis traveled to Mexico to gather information about these guerrillas and their revolts and met up with Medrano in the mountains of Oaxaca in July-August, 1977. He wrote a feature article titled "The Smoldering Fire" for Texas Monthly about this trip to visit PPUA organizers and supporters in rural southern Mexico.

On this same trip to Mexico, while waiting for Medrano's men to contact him, Reavis stayed for several weeks at the Campamento 2 de Octubre. Named in honor of the students killed on that date at Tlatelolco in 1968, 2 de Octubre was an urban squatter camp founded in 1972 in Mexico City. At the time when Reavis visited, the campamento was home to more than 20,000 residents, all under the leadership of Francisco "Pancho" de la Cruz, president of the community. Reavis spent most of his days there walking the streets with Reynaldo Olivares, a muralist who had lived in the campamento since its founding. Reavis wrote an article about what he had learned at Campamento 2 de Octubre for an early edition of the publication In These Times.

In October 1978, Dick J. Reavis returned to the mountains of Oaxaca to visit Güero Medrano, this time accompanied by Mario Cantú. Medrano was planning an armed peasant land take-over and Reavis had arranged to bring along an NBC News crew to film the land seizure for television. Cantú acted as the liason between the PPUA leaders and the media. Reavis has mentioned this trip in several of his writings, including an article about Cantú titled "Rebel with a Cause," which ran in Texas Monthly.

Scope and Contents Note

The collection is comprised of personal papers of Texas author and journalist Dick J. Reavis, specifically those materials relating to Mario Cantú and Güero Medrano, and the Campamento 2 de Octubre. Materials date from 1968 to 2002, and measure 1.5 linear feet plus 1 oversize box. The collection is arranged into two major series: Mario Cantú/Güero Medrano and Campamento 2 de Octubre. A third series, Oversize Materials, also exists for large format items.

The first series,    Mario Cantú and Güero Medrano, consists of Reavis' materials that relate to Cantú, Medrano, and the Partido Proletario Unido de America. In the subseries Written Works are copies of articles that Reavis wrote for various magazines such as Texas Monthly and The Texas Observer, as well as multiple drafts leading up to the published articles. Also included are books with information about the PPUA, Medrano, and Cantú. Two of the books Reavis wrote, and one, written by friend and former guerrillero Ramón Pérez, he translated to English. Correspondence contains letters written by Mario Cantú to Reavis from his European exhile and letters Cantú wrote in the name of the "Comité Europea de Solidaridad con el Pueblo Chicano." There is also various correspondence from Medrano and other leaders of organizations with which Cantú was associated. Reavis took most of the Photographs on his trips to Mexico to meet with Güero Medrano and other PPUA supporters. There are also pictures of Mario Cantú and some unidentified photos. In Business Expense Records there are bills, expense vouchers, and requests to NBC News for reimbursement from Reavis' October 1978 trip to Mexico. Finally, the subseries Research Materials consists of clippings, printed materials, and written works by and about Mario Cantú that Reavis had saved or been given. It also contains clippings and printed materials about the PPUA, Mexico and Immigration, and various other topics. One folder contains copies of relevant clipping from periodicals that were removed to be cataloged. There is also a book by Elena Poniatowska with information on Güero Medrano that includes photos taken by Reavis, as well as a collection of journal notes Reavis took on the subjects he studied during his work in Mexico.

Series two,    Campamento 2 de Octubre, contains materials pertaining to the Mexico City squatter camp which Dick J. Reavis visited in 1977. In the first subseries, Written Works, are drafts of an article about the campamento written for the leftist publication In These Times. Correspondence contains letters from Pancho de la Cruz, president of Campamento 2 de Octubre, as well as other leaders, written in the name of the settlement. There are also several letters that Reavis wrote to his wife during his stay in the camp. The subseries Photographs consists of general photos taken by Reavis of 2 de Octubre and surrounding Mexico City. Also included are photographs of Pancho de la Cruz and Reynaldo Olivares. In Business Expense Records are various receipts from Reavis' 1997 trip. The last subseries, Research Materials, contains clippings, printed materials, publications, and Reavis' notes. There are also clippings of periodicals, including campamento newspapers, the originals of which have been removed from the collection to be cataloged.

   Oversize Materials, the third series, includes large format items housed in one oversize box. There is a poster of Güero Medrano advertising the Partido Proletario de Mexico, as well as various other large printed materials including a restaurant menu, and political posters and publications.



The collection is arranged into two major series: Mario Cantú/Güero Medrano and Campamento 2 de Octubre. There is also a third series for Oversize Materials. Mario Cantú/Güero Medrano and Campamento 2 de Octubre are each divided into five subseries: Written Works, Correspondence, Photographs, Business Expense Records, and Research Materials.


Access Restrictions


Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Reavis, Dick J.--Archives
Cantú, Mario
Medrano, Güero
Cruz, Francisco de la
Subjects (Organizations)
Partido Proletario Unido de America
Campamento 2 de Octubre
Mario Cantú Defense Committee
Partido de los Pobres
Peasant uprisings--Mexico--History--20th century--Sources
Squatter settlements--Mexico--Mexico City--History--Sources
Other Authors
Cantú, Mario
Medrano, Güero
Cruz, Francisco de la

Related Material

Material related to Dick J. Reavis, Mario Cantú, Güero Medrano, and the Partido Proletario Unido de America can also be found in the Mario Cantú Papers, and a taped audio interview with Cantú exists in the Longhorn Radio Network Collection. These collections are located at the Benson Latin American Collection.

Separated Material

The following periodicals were removed from the Dick J. Reavis Papers to be cataloged: (Series 1) Bracero, Caracol, El Comunero, Fortune, Interviu, National Committee Against Grand Jury Repression, Por Qué?, Punto Crítico, Revista de Revistas, and USLA Reporter, and (Series 2) Bloque Urbano, Fuerza y Unidad Popular, Revista de Revistas, and Uno Más Uno. Copies of relevant clippings from these periodicals can be found in (Series 1) Box 2, Folder 19 and (Series 2) Box 4, Folder 10.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Dick J. Reavis Papers, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin.

Box and Folder Inventory


Mario Cantú and Güero Medrano, 1968-2002

1 Written Works, 1978-2002
1 "At War in the Mexican Jungle," 1978
2 Conversations with Moctezuma, 1990
3 Diary of a Guerrilla, 1999
4 "Güero Medrano," 2002
5 "Mario and the Media," 1980
6 "Rebel with a Cause," 1979
7 "The Smoldering Fire," 1978
8 "Taste for Trouble," 2001
9 "Unreliable Witness," 1980
10 Without Documents, 1978
11 Various Drafts - 1st Drafts, N.d.
12 Various Drafts - 2nd and 3rd Drafts, N.d.
13 Various Drafts - 1st Proof and Unidentified, N.d.
2 Correspondence, 1976-1992, N.d.
1 Letters from Cantú, 1979-1992, N.d.
2 Various, 1976-1991
Photographs, 1977-1979, N.d.
3 Cantú, Mario with Frank de Olmo ( L.A. Times reporter), N.d.
4 Cantú, Mario with Güero Medrano, 1978
5 Cantú, Mario at Mexican Consulate Demonstration, N.d.
6 Cantú, Mario in Paris, [1979]
7 Cantú, Mario at September 16 "Grito," 1978
8 Life in Peasant Towns - Oaxaca, Morelos, Veracruz, N.d.
9 October Land Seizure - Oaxaca State, 1978
10 Partido Proletario Unido de America - Supporters, 1977
11 Salinas, Irma (author of Tal Cual) and Various Scenes in Mexico, 1977-1979
12 Unidentified [Raza Unida Party], N.d.
13 Various Unidentified Locations, N.d.
14 Business Expense Records - NBC News, 1978-1979
Research Materials, 1973-2002
15 Cantú, Mario - Activities, 1975-1983
16 Cantú, Mario - Biographical, 1987-2002
17 Cantú, Mario - Restaurant Business, 1985-1991
18 Cantú, Mario - Written Works, 1976-1991
19 Clippings from Removed/Cataloged Periodicals, 1976-1979
20 Fuerte es el Silencio by Elena Poniatowska, 1980
box folder
3 1 Mexico/Immigration - Clippings, 1975-1979, N.d.
2 Mexico/Immigration - Printed Materials, 1977-1979, N.d.
3 Notes, 1977-1978, N.d.
Also includes notes Reavis took about the PPUA's kidnapping of Sara Davis.
4 Partido Proletario Unido de America, 1973-1979, N.d.
5 Various, 1977-1991, N.d.


Campamento 2 de Octubre, 1975-1982

box folder
4 1 Written Works - Drafts for In These Times, 1977
2 Correspondence - Various, 1977-1978
Photographs, 1977, N.d.
3 Campamento - Fire and Various, N.d.
4 Campamento - General, 1977
5 Campamento and Mexico City, 1977
6 De la Cruz, Pancho, 1977
7 Olivares, Reynaldo 1977
8 Business Expense Records - Various, 1977
Research Materials, 1975-1982
9 Clippings - Campamento, 1978-1979
10 Clippings from Removed/Cataloged Periodicals, 1976-1979
11 Clippings - Various, 1975-1977, N.d.
12 Notes, 1977
13 Printed Materials, 1976-1978, N.d.
14 Publications, 1977-1982

5 Oversize Materials - Cantú/Reavis Collections, 1972-1982, N.d.
Large format materials from the Mario Cantú Papers and the Dick J. Reavis Papers are housed together in the same box, named "Box 4" in the Cantú Collection and "Box 5" in the Reavis Collection.
1 Poster of Güero Medrano, N.d.
2 Printed Materials, 1977, N.d.
3 Printed Materials on Newsprint, 1976-1978, N.d.