The Benson Latin American Collection

P.S. Glenn Photograph Album, 1913



Descriptive Summary

Creator Glenn, P.S.
Title P.S. Glenn Photograph Album
Dates: 9 May - 4 June 1913
Abstract Photo album created by P.S. Glenn includes 65 original photographs, most of which depict various scenes during and after two major battles--Reynosa and Matamoros--of the Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920, along the Mexico-Texas border.
Extent 65 photographs, 1 newspaper article
Language English
Repository Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Scope and Contents Note

65 photographs and one newspaper clipping describe the battles--particularly the aftermath of the battles--between Federals and Rebels in Reynosa and Matamoros in the state of Tamaulipas on the Mexico-U.S. border during the Mexican Revolution in 1913. The photographs are numbered and arranged chronologically, first of the Battle of Reynosa on 9 May 1913, then the Battle of Matamoros on 3-4 June 1913. Individuals included in the photographs include General Lucio Blanco and his chief of staff Francisco Mujica. Glenn's description of each photo is transcribed in this inventory, with a visual description of the contents added.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

This material is in the public domain. Use is restricted to the Rare Books and Manuscripts Reading Room (SRH 1.101), due to preservation concerns about the fragility of the photograph album.


Index Terms

The P.S. Glenn Photograph Album is classified under the following Subject Headings:
Blanco, Lucio, 1879-1922--Photographs
Mexico--History--Revolution, 1910-1920--Photographs
Hidalgo County (Tex.)--Photographs
Reynosa, Mexico (Tamaulipas)--Photographs
Matamoros (Tamaulipas, Mexico)--Photographs
Reinosa (Mexico)--Photographs
Rio Bravo (Tamaulipas, Mexico)--Photographs
Matamoros, Tamaulipas--Photographs
Document Types
Photographs

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: P.S. Glenn Photograph Album, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin.


Album Inventory

 

Battle of Reynosa, 9 May 1913

Following photos depict scenes of the Battle of Reynosa, in and around May 9, 1913. Scenes portray view of Reynosa, Reynosa Catholic Cathedral, Reynosa courthouse, horse-drawn carriage, freight train and depot, damaged train cars, destroyed Mexican National Reynosa Company train cars, destroyed cotton mill in Reynosa, east view of Reynosa's Plaza, government building in Reynosa's Plaza, removal of dead soldiers from top of Reynosa building, dead soldiers in streets of Reynosa, portrait of Captain Walk from USA 14th Calvary in Hidalgo, Texas, dead men in horse-drawn cart, view of US Customs house where onlookers view Battle of Reynosa, Mexican refugees arrive at US Customes house, imprisoned Mexican Federal Captain in Hidalgo, Texas, imprisoned Mexican policeman in Hidalgo, Texas, imprisoned Mexicans in Hidalgo, Texas, U.S. Custom officers of Mercedes Tex with 4 Mexican Federal soldiers in a car, view of Rio Bravo, Mexico, Rebel forces camping out, General Lucio Blanco with his staff outside a house in Rio Bravo, Mexico, General Pena and officers of General Blanco's Rebel forces, General Blanco's Chief of Staff, Francisco J Mujica, General Lucio Blanco with 11 year old Soldier-Hero of Battle of Reynosa, portrait of 11 year old Soldier-Hero, two rebel recruits from Rio Bravo, Mexico.
box folder
1 1 Bird's eye-view of Reynosa Mex after the Battle of 5/9/13. (Huerta's Fedrals [sic] routed by Carranza's Rebel's [sic].)

3 in. x 5 in.
View of Reynosa, Mexico, with various buildings and Plaza included.
2 Catholic Cathedral. Reynosa Mex where some of Fedral [sic] Soldiers made their last stand. 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
View of Catholic Cathedral and various associated buildings in Reynosa, Mexico.
3 Catholic Cathedral after Capture of Reynosa Mex by Carranza's Rebels - 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Front view of Catholic Cathedral in Reynosa, Mexico.
4 Court house. Reynosa Mex after the battle of 5/9/13. 5 Fedrals [sic] killed in and on roof of the building.

3 in. x 5 in.
View of two story courthouse in Reynosa, Mexico.
5 Leaving Reynosa Mex. for Texas. after the Battle of 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Three men in horse drawn carriage migrating to Texas after the Battle of Reynosa of 5/9/13.
6 Freight Engine, train and depot of Mex - National RR. Burned by Carranza's rebel's [sic] during battle of Reynosa Mex 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Six men and women inspect the damage to a freight train in Reynosa, Mexico. The train engine and two adjoining cars are still on the train tracks but there is debris surrounding it. Creator noted the train cars and depot burned during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
7 About 100 freight cars, including a passenger train of the Mexican National RR. Burned by Rebel's [sic] during Battle at Reynosa Mex 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Smoldering train cars on train tracks with debris along side train tracks in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator estimated 100 cars damaged during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
8 Engine and Cars of Mex - National Ry [sic] burned by Rebels during Battle of Reynosa Mex 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Four men and women inspect damaged freight engine and cars on train tracks in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator noted the train cars and depot were burned during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
9 Engine and depot of Mex - National Ry [sic] destroyed by Rebels during battle of Reynosa Mex 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Three men and one woman pose in front of damaged freight engine and debris in Reynosa, Mexico. The train engine and two adjoining cars are still on the train tracks but there is debris surrounding it. Creator noted the train cars and depot were burned during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
10 Mexican National Ry. Co's Cars and Engine burned by Rebel's [sic] during Battle at Reynosa Mx 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
A woman examines destroyed train car in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator noted the train cars and depot were burned during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
11 Cotton Mill. Reynosa Mex burned by Rebels during battle of 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Three men and woman among remnants of a cotton mill in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator noted the cotton mill was burned during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
12 Cotton Mill. Burned at Reynosa Mex during the battle of 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Five men and woman pose in front of destroyed cotton mill in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator noted the cotton mill was burned during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
13 East Corner of Plaza. Where Fedrals [sic] did hard fighting from roofs where loss was heaviest - during Battle of Reynosa Mex - 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
View of Reynosa's east corner Plaza, where people gathered in front of one building with the name "Gerado M Guitierrez" painted along side the roof.
14 Government building, East side Plaza 8 Federals killed on this roof during battle of Reynosa Mex 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
View of a two story government building in Reynosa, Mexico, on the east side of the Plaza. Creator noted 8 Federal soldiers were killed on the roof of the building during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
15 Removing dead soldiers from roof of Government building after battle of Reynosa Mex 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Scene where three men remove dead soldiers from the roof of a government building in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator notated the men were killed during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
16 Dead Soldiers in the Streets of Reynosa Mex. after the Battle of 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Men stand around the body of a dead soldier in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator notated the scene took place after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
17 Viewing the dead Soldiers in the streets of Reynosa Mex after the Battle - 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Men view two dead soldiers on a cobblestone walkway in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator notated the scene took place after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
18 dead Soldiers in the Streets of Reynosa Mex after the Battle 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Two men pose near the bodies of two dead soldiers on a street corner in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator notated the scene took place after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
19 Wheel - barrows brought into servie in carting the dead soldiers from the streets of Reynosa Mex. after the Battle 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Two men about to cart off two dead soldiers from a street in Reynosa, Mexico. A Catholic Cathedral lay in the foreground. Creator notated the scene took place after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
20 Cap't Walk of 14th Calvary U.S.A. in charge U.S. custom - house Hidalgo Tex - opposite Reynosa Mex.

3 in. x 5 in.
Picture of Captain Walk, of the 14th Calvary, in Hidalgo, Texas. Creator notated Hidalgo, Texas is on the U.S. side, opposite Reynosa, Mexico. Captain Walk stands in front of a porch; men stand on the porch in the background with backs turned away from scene.
21 Carting the dead off the streets of Reynosa Mex after the Battle 5/9/13.

3 in. x 5 in.
Several dead soldiers lying in a horse drawn cart while men stand on both sides, in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator notated the scene took place after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
22 Carting the dead soldiers out of streets of Reynosa Mex after Battle of 5/9/13 (about 150 killed).

3 in. x 5 in.
Horse drawn cart with dead soldiers in back driven through street in Reynosa, Mexico. Creator notated the scene took place after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
23 Watching the Battle of Reynosa Mex from the W.S. Custom-house, at Hidalgo Texas., (x) one Mexican woman was hit by stray bullet and killed while watching the fight from this point and custom-house was struck by several bullets – 5/9/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Seven men (five on boat) are on one side of the river while a crowd of people stand at the opposite shore. Creator marked an "x" where a Mexican woman died. Creator notated the scene took place during the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
24 Refugees arriving at U.S. Custom house Hidalgo Tex. from Reynosa Mex after battle of Reynosa. 5/9/13.
3 in.x 5 in.
A crowd of people stand outside a building in Hidalgo, Texas. Creator notated the scene took place after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
25 A Mexican Captain of Fedrals [sic], who with 26 soldiers, escaped across the river to Texas side during battle of Reynosa Mex 5/9/13 (in prison at Hidalgo Tex).
3 in. x 5 in.
Man dressed in military uniform with hat and boots. Second man in standing in background.
26 A Mexican "rurale" (policeman) who escaped to Texas side during battle of Reynosa Mex 5/9/13 - Now in Hidalgo Tex prison. 5-9-13
3 in. x 5 in.
Man in uniform and hat standing with hands behind his back. Creator notated the man was imprisoned after escaping to Texas after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
27 Mexican captain, a rurale, and 21 Fedral [sic] soldiers who crossed to American side during battle of Reynosa Mex 5/9/13 8 of their members drowned while trying to swim the river to Texas side - (these now in Hidalgo Tex prison USA).
3 in. x 5 in.
Twenty-three men, dressed in military uniforms, standing or kneeling outside of a building. Creator notated the men were imprisoned after escaping to Texas after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
28 "x" - Ea Auglin. U.S. Custom officers of Mercedes Tex with 4 Mexican, Fedral [sic] soldiers who crossed to Texas side during battle at Reynosa Mex 5/9/13, taken into cusody at Mercedes-Tex. & returned to Hidalgo Tex prison.
3 in.x 5 in.
Nine men, six of which are in a car. Creator marked U.S. Customs officer Anglin's figure with an "x". Creator notated all but officer Anglin were imprisoned after escaping to Texas after the Battle of Reynosa on 5/9/13.
29 "X" Gen Blanco's quarters - Birds-eye view of Rio Bravo Mex. where general Blaco [sic] and his Rebel forces are in camp, enroute to take Matamoros Mex (after the Battle of Reynosa Mex). No date.
3 in. x 5 in.
Group of buildings with a single man on a horse riding away from the structures. Creator marked Gen. Blanco's quarters with an "x".
30 (1) Dr Serturche (2) Gen L. Blanco General Blanco and 3 members of his staff,- at Rio Bravo Mex after the battle of Reynosa. No date.
3 in. x 5 in.
Twelve men standing outside of a building. Creator has marked Dr. Serturche's figure with a (1), and Gen L. Blanco's figure with a (2).
31 "x" - Gen. Pena General Pena and officers of Gen Blanco's Rebel forces - at Rio Bravo MEX. - Gen Pena was taken into custody at Mercedes Tex by U.S. custom officer Anglin after battle of Reynosa Mex, & narrowly escaped. Assasnation [sic] when trying to cross back to Mexico side — No date.
3 in. x 5 in.
6 men wearing hats or sombreros standing outside. Creator has marked Gen. Pena's figure with an "x".
32 Chief of staff; to Gen Blaco [sic], at Rebel headquarters. Rio Bravo Mex, after Battle of Reynosa Mex - "X" - Mayor, Mujikua [sic] chief-of-staff. No date.
3 in. x 5 in.
Mayor and Chief of Staff, Francisco J Mujica standing outside of a building wearing a hat and boots. 7 other men also appear in the photo standing or sitting outside of the building.
33 Gen Blanco and an 11 year old hero of Battle of Reynosa Mex - 5/9/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Man wearing a hat and boots, and holding a jacket with one arm and the other arm wrapped around a young boy identified as a hero of the Battle of Reynosa. Boy is holding a rifle and is wearing rounds of ammunitions.
34 A 11 year old hero of Battle of Reynosa Mex, who did hard fighting under gen Blanco, and was wounded in the right shoulder in an open fight with 2 Fedral [sic] soldiers he killing both of them! No date.
3 in. x 5 in.
Young boy standing outside next to a fence holding a rifle and wearing rounds of ammunition. Boy is identified as a hero of the Battle of Reynosa.
35 2 Rebel recruits at Rio Bravo Mex after a refreshment of "Mascal" [sic]. No date.
3 in. x 5 in.
Two men wearing hats, standing outside, and smiling.



 

Battle of Matamoros, 3-4 June 1913

Following photos depict scenes of the Battle of Matamoros, in and around June 3 and 4, 1913. Scenes portray Matamoros Light & Power Plant, barricade constructed by Mexican Federal soldiers in streets of Matamoros, Rebel forces riding through Matamoros, American Counsel Building in Matamoros, Rebel Captain Berra holding rebel flag on barricade, Rebel Captain Berra on horseback, two dead men in field, dead men in streets of Matamoros, temporary Red Cross hospital in Matamoros Light & Power Plant, pile of dead soldiers in after Battle of Matamoros, pile of dead soldiers, burning pile of dead soldiers, Rebel soldiers on horseback in front of Matamoros Catholic Cathedral and riding through Matamoros, Matamoros street scenes, Matamoros Market Square, execution site in Matamoros Market Square, military barracks, portrait of Mexican Captain, portrait Female Soldier-Hero on horse back, Matamoros cemetery, portrait of Mexican Soldier, burned bullfight ring in Matamoros, Carriage-Ambulance in Matamoros street, General Lucio Blanco speaking to captured soldiers.
box folder
1 36 Power & light plant, Matamoros Mex where the first attack was made on Matamoros by Rebel forces 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Building next to piles of wood, with a ladder leaning on the side of the building.
37 Power & Light plant Matamoros Mex a Fedral [sic] "strong-hold" where they fought hard, loosing several men on both sides 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Building next to piles of wood. Three people (possibly 1 man and 2 women) are present outside of the building.
38 A barricade or rifle pit thrown up in streets of Matamoros by Fedral's [sic] as defense, -- rebel soldiers riding in streets after capturing city - Matamoros Mex 6/3-4/13.
3 in.x 5 in.
A number of men on foot and on horses are outside near a man-made barricade and building.
39 A view of Barricade or rifle pit thrown up in all streets leading to main plaza as federal defense # (after Battle of Matamoros Mex 6/3-4/13).
3 in. x 5 in.
A group of men (1 man is on a horse) stand behind a man-made barricade in the street between buildings.
40 Street Scene, Matamoros Mex. after battle of Matamoros 6/3-4/13 "x" American "consel" [sic] Building.
3 in. x 5 in.
Street scene in Matamoros. Creator marked American Consul building in photograph with an "x".
41 Last barricade or rifle pit captured in final charge on Matamoros Mex by rebels, x Capt Berra, who made this final charge showing his position when placing Rebel flag on this pit. 6/4-13, 6 32 am.
3 in. x 5 in.
Man standing behind a man-made barricade near buildings. Creator marked Capt. Berra's figure in photograph with an "x".
42 "X" Capt E.V. Berra. who made 1st attack on power plant. Matamoros & made last capture in final charge on plaza - loosing 16 men of his 200 under his command (Battle of Matamoros Mex 6/3-4/13).
3 in. x 5 in.
2 men sitting on horses outside of a building. Creator marked Capt. E.V. Berra's figure in photograph with an "x".
43 Scene near intronal [sic] Bridge Matamoros Mex, after the battle 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Three people are walking in a field where two bodies are lying. A stationary carriage filled with people is also present.
44 Scene along streets of Matamoros Mex during battle of 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Three bodies lie on the ground outside of a building.
45 Temporary hospital in Light & power plant, wounded and dead being cared for by "Red Cross" during battle of Matamoros Mex 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Many men in a building, either standing, sitting, or lying down. Some men appear to be wounded.
46 Concentrating the dead soldiers for pry pile after battle of Matamoros -- 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Dead bodies are piled together. Five men stand in the background.
47 Dry pile, - burning dead soldiers After battle of Matamoros 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Pile of wood and shrubs visibly on fire. Smoke emerges from the center of the pile. A boot and other body parts are visible from within the pile.
48 "Dry Pile" burning bodies of soldiers killed in Battle of Matamoros Mex 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Two mean officiate the burning of dead soldiers from the Battle of Matamoros.
49 Catholic Cathedral = Matamoros Mex - during battles of Matamoros Mex 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Chuch exterior with men on horses and on foot walking around in front of the building.
50 Catholic Cathedral = Matamoros Mex - during battles of Matamoros Mex 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Chuch exterior with seven men on horses and one man on foot in front of the building.
51 Street Scene - Matamoros Mex during battle = 6/3-4/13. 4 June 1913.
3 in. x 5 in.
Rebel forces ride through street in Matamoros.
52 day after Surrender of Matamoros Mex - after battle - 6/3-4/13. 5 June 1913.
3 in. x 5 in.
Livestock steered through street of Matamoros.
53 Street scene, immediately after Battle of Matamoros Mex of 6/3-4/13 - x Gen Blanco head-quarters. 4 June 1913.
3 in. x 5 in.
General Lucio Blanco speaks to fellow rebel soldiers on horseback; he stands while others on horseback. Creator marked General Lucio Blanco with an "x".
54 loitering Market Square - Matamoros Mex immediately after Battle of Matamoros 6/3-4/13. 4 June 1913.
3 in. x 5 in.
Rebel soldier walking in Matamoros Market Square.
55 Market Square front - where prisoners were executed. no date
3 in. x 5 in.
Spot in Market Square to execute soldiers.
56 Market Square. where war prisoners were executed. during Battle of Matamoros 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Spot in Market Square to execute soldiers.
57 rear of barracks - during Battle of Matamoros Mex 6/3-4/13. 4 June 1913.
3 in. x 5 in.
Men and women gather in back of military barracks, while Battle of Matamoros takes place.
58 Mexican Captain. - Battle of Matamoros 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Portrait of Mexican Captain posing with a sombero in his left hand and full gear in street of Matamoros.
59 girl Soldier-Hero. - of battle of Reynosa and Matamoros Mex - 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Portrait of female soldier on horseback, she is recognized as a Soldier-Hero; she is wearing a blouse with a sash wrapped around her torso, hat, wedding ring, and a blanket covering her legs.
60 Natural Cemetary Matamoros Mex. no date
3 in. x 5 in.
Matamoros cemetery.
61 Natural Cemetary Matamoros Mex - (x - Loose Pile). no date
3 in. x 5 in.
Man and woman visit cemetery in Matamoros. Creator marked an "x" where the cemetery wall was missing bricks.
62 Mex Soldier. no date
3 in. x 5 in.
Portrait of Mexican Soldier wearing chaps, sombrero, and smoking a cigarette.
63 "Bull Fightring" burned during battle of Matamoros - Mex - 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
Bullfight ring with minimal structures and various debris on ground.
64 Street ccene, Matamoros Mex - during battle - 6/3-4/13. 4 June 1913.
3 in. x 5 in.
People watch while soldiers ride through Matamoros; Emergency carriage waiting on side of the street next to park benches.
65 x - Gen Blanco, lecturing captured soldiers, at his headquarters. Matamoros Mex. 6/3-4/13.
3 in. x 5 in.
General Lucio Blanco speaks from balcony to captured soldiers below while onlookers listen. Creator marked General Lucio Blanco's figure in photograph with an "x".