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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Biographical Sources

The Benson Latin American Collection

Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora:

An Inventory of His Collection at the Benson Latin American Collection



Descriptive Summary

Creator Sigüenza y Góngora, Carlos de, 1645-1700.
Title Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora Collection
Dates: 1686-1704
OCLC Record No, 29948812
Quantity: 3 inches
Language Spanish or Castilian.
Repository Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Poet, author, mathematician, historian, geographer. Born 1645 and died 1700 in Mexico City. Entered Society of Jesus 1660, took vows 1662, and left the order in 1667 or 1669. In 1672 became catedrático of astrology and mathematics at the University of Mexico. Ordained as priest in 1673. Chaplain of the Hospital del Amor de Dios from 1682 until his death.

Wrote description of June 8, 1692 riot in protest of corn prices, during which he saved government archives from burning.

As royal geographer, Sigüenza participated in a 1692 expedition to Pensacola Bay; in 1693 he wrote Descripción del seno de Santa María de Galve, alias Panzacola, de la Mobila y del Río Misisipi.

After a Spanish attempt to colonize Pensacola Bay in 1698 was thwarted by the French, Sigüenza was blamed by expedition leader Andrés de Arriola for inciting the French action; Sigüenza successfully defended himself against these charges in 1699.

Other publications of his include: Parayso Occidental...
(1684)and Piedad heróica de don Hernando Cortés, Marqués del Valle
(1689).

Chronology
1645 born in Mexico City
20 Aug 1645 baptized in Cathedral of Mexico City
17 Aug 1660 entered Jesuit order as a novice
15 Aug 1662 took simple vows at Tepotzotlán
1662 published Oriental planeta evangélica, epopeya sacropanegyrica al apostol grande de las Indias S. Francisco Xavier...; published Primavera indiana, poema sacrohistórico, idea de María Santíssima de Guadalupe...
3 Aug 1667
1668 second edition of Primavera indiana...
1671 produced an almanac
20 July 1672 awarded chair of Astronomy and Mathematics, Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico
1672 produced an almanac
1673 received bachillerate in Arts, ordained a priest
1680 at Querétaro, received prize for poetry; published Teatro de virtudes políticas que constituyen a un Príncipe...; published Glorias de Querétaro en la Nueva Congregación Eclesiástica de María Santíssima de Guadalupe... y el sumptuoso templo...
1681 wrote Manifiesto philosóphico contra los cometas despojados del imperio que tenían sobre los tímidos, about the comet which appeared in Mexico; became involved in controversy
1682 named chaplain of the Hospital de Amor de Dios until his death; also made almoner (limosnero) of Archbishop of Mexico
1683 published Triunfo parthénico que en glorias de María Santíssima... celebró la... Academia Mexicana
1684 published Parayso Occidental, plantado y cultivado en su magnífico Real Convento de Jesüs María de México...
1689 published Piedad heróica de don Hernando Cortés, Marqués del Valle
1690 published Infortunios que Alonso Ramírez natural de la ciudad de S. Juan de Puerto Rico padeció... en poder de ingleses piratas...
1691 published Libra astronómica y philosóphica en que...examina... lo que a (Sigüenza's)Manifiesto... contra los Cometas... opuso el R. P. Eusebio Francisco Kino...
1691 published Relación de lo sucedido a la armada de Barlovento... victoria... contra los franceses...
1691 published Trofeo de la justicia española en el castigo de la alevosía francesa...
8 June 1692 “corn riot” in Mexico City; Sigüenza managed to save part of the archives and paintings in the burning Audiencia building
1692 named geographer to the King; made official member of the expedition under Captain Pes which explored the shores of the Bay of Pensacola in search of defensible frontiers
1693 wrote Descripción del seno de Santa Maria de Galve, alias Panzacola, de la Mobila y del Río Misisipi
1693 published Mercurio Volante con la noticia de la recuperación de las provincias del Nuevo México...
1694 retired with a promised pension from the University; apparently re-entered the Jesuit order; willed his library to the Jesuit Colegio de San Pedro y San Pablo
1695 wrote the Elogio fünebre de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz
1696 finally received University pension
15 Oct 1698 expedition under Arriola tried to colonize Pensacola Bay
2 Feb 1699 when French fleet reached Pensacola, Arriola returned to Mexico, blamed Sigüenza, involved Viceroy; Sigüenza defended his own 1693 account of the area and its potential, was exonerated
Nov 1699 Sigüenza named Corregidor General (book examiner) for the Inquisition
1700 second edition of Oriental planeta evangélico...
22 Aug 1700 died in Mexico City of a kidney ailment, leaving a number of unpublished manuscripts which were subsequently lost

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Scope and Contents

Manuscript items include Sigüenza's August 30, 1692, account to Andrés de Pez of the June 8, 1692 corn riot, in which Gaspar de la Cerda Sandoval Silva y Mendoza, Conde de Galve, figured prominently (G140 Ms., G141Ms., and G142 Ms.); "Documentos relativos a don Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora "(G135 MS.);and "Documentos relativos a don Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora y su expedición a Pensacola"(G145 Ms.; consists of photostatic copies from the Dunn Transcripts).

The archives subgroup includes the following literary productions: a partial manuscript of Piedad de don Fernando Cortés; "Memoria del Br. Antonio Calderon Benavides"; and "Verdadera relación del fatal quanto milagrosso succeso de la quemazon de la r. fábrica de la pólvora el dia 25 de Hen. de 1704. "

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Index Terms

Subjects
Sigüenza y Góngora, Carlos de, 1645-1700--Archives.
Cortés, Hernán, 1485-1547
Cerda Sandoval Silva y Mendoza, Gaspar de la, conde de Galve, 1653-1697
Indians of Mexico--Government relations
Pensacola (Fla.)--History--Sources.
Mexico, Gulf of--Discovery and exploration.
Mexico, Gulf of--Description and travel--17th century.
Mexico--History--Spanish colony, 1540-1810--Sources.
Other Entries
Arriola, Andrés de.
Pez, Andrés de, 1653-1723

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Related Material

García, Genaro, 1867-1920.Genaro García Collection, 15-- - 1920?, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora Collection, 1686-1704, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

The Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora Collection forms part of the Genaro García Collection, which was purchased by the University of Texas in 1921 from the heirs of Genaro García.

Processing Information

The collection was described by the Benson's Mexican Archives Project in January 1994.

Finding aid initially prepared by the Mexican Archives Project, February 9, 1995.

Also available on microfilm in the Benson Collection.

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Other Finding Aids

The following guide is available in the Benson Collection Rare Books Reference:

Castañeda, Carlos Eduardo, 1896-1958. Guide to the Latin American Manuscripts in the University of Texas Library.
Cambridge, Mass.,
Harvard University Press,
1939.

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Biographical Sources

Diccionario Porrúa de historia, biografía y geografía de Mexico,5th ed., rev.
Mexico City:
Editorial Porrúa,
1986,
v. 3, p. 117.

Enciclopedia de México.
Mexico City:
Secretaría de Educación Pública,
1987,
v. 12, pp. 7285-86.

Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europea-americana (1st ed.).
Madrid:
Espasa-Calpe,
1958,
v. 56, p. 117.

Leonard, Irving Albert, 1896- Don Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, a Mexican savant of the seventeenth century.
Berkeley, CA:
University of California Press,
1929.

editor Valles Formosa, Alba.Los infortunios de Alonso Ramírez.
San Juan, P.R.:
Editorial Cordillera,
1967,
pp. 12-27, with complete bibliography, pp. 118-146.

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