The Benson Latin American Collection

José Servando Teresa de Mier Noriega y Guerra

An Inventory of His Papers at the Benson Latin American Collection



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Mier Noriega y Guerra, José Servando Teresa de, 1763-1827
Title José Servando Teresa de Mier Noriega y Guerra Papers
Dates: 1808-1823
Abstract Correspondence, writings, and official documents pertaining to Mier, Dominican friar and revolutionary, reflecting conditions in colonial Mexico and Spanish America in the early 19th century.
OCLC Record No. 29761022
Extent 11 inches
Language Spanish or Castilian.
Repository Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Dominican friar, writer, orator, revolutionary for independence from Spain, politician. Born in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, October 28, 1763; died in Mexico City December 3, 1827. Entered Dominican order in 1780. By 1790 Mier had his doctorate in theology and had been ordained.

On December 12, 1794, Mier gave a sermon arguing that the original painting of Our Lady of Guadalupe was on the cloak of Saint Thomas the Apostle, who had preached in the Americas long before Spanish conquest. As a result, he was sentenced to ten years in exile and reclusion in Spain, forbidden ever to preach or hear confession again, and stripped of his doctoral degree.

Between 1795 and 1800 Mier was imprisoned in Veracruz, Cadiz, Las Caldas, Burgos, and Salamanca; he escaped and was recaptured at least twice. In 1801 he escaped to France where he met Simón Rodríguez, future teacher of Simón Bolívar. Together they opened a Spanish language academy. Mier returned to Spain in 1803 and was imprisoned, escaping in 1804. In 1805 he was employed as secretary to Spanish consul in Lisbon. Between 1808 and 1811 Mier was involved in military struggle against Napoleon, was imprisoned, and escaped.

In 1811 Mier went to London, where he wrote and published “Cartas de un americano al español” and “Historia de la revolución de la Nueva España”, using the pseudonym José Guerra (1813). With Francisco Javier Mina, he planned and participated in military expedition to assist revolutionaries in New Spain. In 1817 the Mina expedition arrived in Soto la Marina in Mexico and constructed a fortress. Mier was left in charge of the fortress but was defeated by Joaquín de Arredondo. Mier was imprisoned in Mexico City and tried by the Inquisition. While in prison he wrote Apología and Memorias.

He was deported to Spain in 1820 but escaped from jail in Havana. In 1821 Mier lived in Philadelphia and wrote “Memoria político-instructiva”. In 1822 he returned to Mexico, was imprisoned by royalists, released by the First Constituent Congress, elected as deputy for Monterrey to same congress, and then jailed for his criticism of Emperor Agustín Iturbide. In 1823 Mier escaped prison, was recaptured, and later freed by infantry uprising against Iturbide. The same year Mier became representative of Nuevo Leon to the Second Constituent Congress. In 1824 he signed the Federal Constitution of the United States of Mexico. He died on December 3, 1827.


Scope and Contents

Correspondence, literary productions, lists, financial documents, proclamations and other official documents pertaining to Mier's life and works; the history, events, and conditions of Spanish America; and Mier family matters. Included are manuscripts concerning Mier's life (filed as G368, G379); his persecution by the Inquisition (G384, G404); history of New Spain (G326, G380); and Mier's opinions of Spain's policies in the Americas and the independence movement (G343, G376, G377, G378, G409), of New Spain's caste system (G349), and of Emperor Iturbide (G403).

“Constancias de la prisión del Dr. dn. Servando Mier por el gobierno español el año de 1820” (G375) contains the Inquisition's opinion of Mier. “Cartas de América” (G355) contains Mier's answers in Latin to theological questions posed to him by Reverend William Hogan, and Mier's response to an anonymous critic. Also included is “Acaba de llegar a Phyladelphia” concerning Mexico's struggle for independence.

Literary productions in the archives include essays, biographical accounts, speeches, poems and reports. Proclamations include those which dissolved the office of the Inquisition and granted amnesty to persons exiled by the Inquisition. Biographical information on Mier is also housed with the papers.

The papers are in Spanish.


 

Organization

Archives organized by type of material into five series.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically within folders; items bearing Garcia manuscript numbers are shelved according to those numbers.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Mier Noriega y Guerra, José Servando Teresa de, 1763-1827--Archives.
Iturbide, Agustín de, 1783-1824
Mina, Francisco Javier, 1789-1817
Places
Mexico--Race relations.
Mexico--History--Spanish colony, 1540-1810--Sources.
Mexico--History--19th century--Sources.
Mexico--History--Wars of Independence, 1810-1821--Sources.
Mexico--Politics and government--1540-1810--Sources.
Mexico--Politics and government--19th century--Sources.
Latin America--Economic conditions--19th century. Guadalupe, Our Lady of
Subjects
Dominicans--Mexico--Biography--Sources.
Guadalupe, Our Lady of
Inquisition--Mexico--History--Sources.
Racism--Mexico.

Related Material

García, Genaro, 1867-1920.Genaro García Collection, 15-- - 1920?, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin.

The Catholic Church in Mexico Collection (part of the Genaro García Collection) contains among its oversized materials an edict of Archbishop Núñez de Haro y Peralta, dated March 25, 1795, refuting the infamous sermon of Fray Servando Mier concerning Our Lady of Guadalupe.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

José Servando Teresa de Mier Noriega y Guerra Papers, 1808-1823, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin

Acquisitions Information

The José Servando Teresa de Mier Noriega y Guerra Papers form part of the Genaro García Collection, which was purchased by the University of Texas in 1921 from the heirs of Genaro García.

Processing Information

The José Servando Teresa de Mier Noriega y Guerra Papers were arranged into Archives and Manuscripts subgroups by earlier library staff. Series were created by the Mexican Archives Project staff, which completed the processing of the collection in January 1994.

Finding aid initially prepared by the Mexican Archives Project, February 7, 1995.

Alternate Form Available

The collection is also available on microfilm.


Other Finding Aids

The following guide is available in the Benson Latin American Collection Rare Books Reference: Castañeda, Carlos Eduardo, 1896-1958.Guide to the Latin American Manuscripts in the University of Texas Library.
Cambridge, Mass. :
Harvard University Press,
1939.


Bibliography

Biographical Note prepared from the following sources:

Diccionario Porrúa de historia, biografía y geografía de México.
Mexico, D.F. :
Editorial Porrúa,
1976.

Leon Garza, Rodolfo de. Fray Servando, un visionario itinerante.
Monterrey, Mexico :
Universidad Autónomo de Nuevo Leon,
1987.

Miquel i Vergés, J. M. (Josep María). Diccionario de Insurgentes.
Mexico :
Editorial Porrúa,
1969.

Miquel i Vergés, J. M. (Josep María). Escritos ineditos: Fray Servando Teresa de Mier.
Mexico, D.F. :
Editorial Porrúa,
1976.. 1976.

Otañon, Eduardo. Desasosiegos de Fray Servando.
Mexico :
Ediciones Xochitl,
1941.


Subgroups and Series

 

I. Archives

1. Series, Correspondence, 1820-1823 and undated.
2. Series, Literary productions.
Includes the manuscripts: “Discurso apologético en favor de los criollos...,” “La América española dividida en dos...,” “Independencia de México: noticias y cartas,” and “Estando aun entre las cadenas de los Españoles...”. Also includes autobiographies, speeches, poems, and reports.
3. Series, Proclamations, passports, and other official documents.
4. Series, Financial documents. Receipts and bills.
5. Series, Lists.



 

II. Manuscripts

1. G326: “Idea de la Constitución dada a las Americas...,” 1811.
2. G343: “Principios constitucionales.”
3. G349: “Disertación sobre las castas de America...,” 1812.
4. G355: “Cartas de América,” Includes “Acaba de llegar a Phyladelphia...,” “Venerabili ad S. Mariam...,” “Apologia contra las personalidades que se hallan...,” and “Una palabra sobre un folleto anónimo...”. 1821.
5. G368: “Manifiesto apologetico...,” 1817.
6. G375: “Constancias de la prisión del Dr. Dn. Servando por el gobierno español el año de 1820.”
7. G376: Includes “Discurso escrito por el Dor. Dn. Servando Teresa de Mier en S. Juan de Ulua en diciembre de 1820,” “Question política. Puede ser libre la Nueva España?”, “Nuevo discurso del mismo autor...,” and “Continuación del antecedente discurso...”.
8. G384: “Exposición de la persecución que he padecido desde 17 de julio 1817 hta. el día,” 1820?
9. G377: “Notas ilustrativas sobre los nombres antiguos y modernos de las Americas,” 1820?
10. G378: “Questión política: Puede ser libre la Nueva España?” 1820.
11. G379: “Respuestas y representaciones...,” 1820.
12. G380: “Sus obras.” Includes “Autógrafos de su historia de la revolución...,” Memoria político-instructiva”; “Nos prometieron constituciones...”; and “Prologue to a biography of Bartolome de las Casas.” 1820; “
13. G403: “Exposición a Iturbide en su exaltación al trono,” 1822.
14. G404: “Exposición de la persecución que ha padecido desde el 14 de junio de 1817 hasta el presente de 1822...,” 1822.
15. G409: “Carta a los Mexicanos.”