The Benson Latin American Collection

Collection on Indians of New Spain

Descriptive Summary

Creator Indians of New Spain
Title Collecton on Indians of New Spain: Transcripts
Dates: 1579-1797
Abstract Transcripts of original sources documenting the condition and treatment of Indians by governing officials in areas of Mexico and New Mexico.
OCLC Record No. 29743421
Extent 2 folders
Language Spanish or Castilian.
Repository Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

Scope and Contents

Transcripts of correspondence, records of court testimonies and decisions, official instructions, and a summary of a letter concerning Indians of New Spain. Testimonies and court responses include those of three cases, one in which Balthazar de Vidaurre complains of the mistreatment of the people of San Francisco Yxtlahuaca and of San Miguel Temascalcingo by new mayor Pedro Joseph Crespo; a second in which Julian Joseph Sánchez of Santa Bárbara of Cuautitlan complains of mistreatment by his mayor, Jacinto María Castro González; and a third in which a great-granddaughter of Moctezuma, María Cano de Salazar, litigates for her part of the family property (filed as G15 Ms.). A document by Fernando Cortés pertaining to Moctezuma and Moctezuma's daughters was read at the hearings for María Cano and is recorded in the hearing documents.

The collection also contains transcripts of a letter from the priest Joseph Montero Cruz concerning rebellious actions and the state of moral affairs among the people of the mountains of the Puebla area; a summary of a letter to Pope Paul III from Fray Julián Garcés praising the religious inclination, behavior, and talent of the Indians; and instructions by Colonel Fernando de la Concha, governor of the province of New Mexico, advising his successor, Lieutenant Colonel Fernando Chacón, on governing the native peoples under his jurisdiction and on managing the garrison troops.

The materials are in Spanish.



Organized into four series by topic; further divided into subseries by form of material.


Arranged chronologically within folders.

Index Terms

Montezuma II, Emperor of Mexico, ca. 1480-1520
Cano de Salazar, Maria.
Santa Fe (N.M.)--History--18th century--Sources.
Indians of Mexico--Government relations
Indians of Mexico--History--Sources.
Indians of North America--New Mexico--History--18th century--Sources.
Indians, Treatment of--Mexico
Other Authors
Concha, Fernando de la.
Garcés, Julián, Fray.

Related Material

García, Genaro, 1867-1920.Genaro García Collection, 15-- - 1920?, Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Indians of New Spain : Transcripts, 1579-1797, Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

Acquisitions Information

The Indians of New Spain Transcripts collection forms part of the Genaro García Collection, which was purchased by the University of Texas in 1921 from the heirs of Genaro García.

Processing Information

The Indians of New Spain Transcripts were arranged into series by the staff of the Mexican Archives Project.

The transcripts were described by the Benson's Mexican Archives Project in December 1993.

Finding aid initially prepared by the Mexican Archives Project, February 2, 1995.

Alternate Form Available

The collection is also available on microfilm.

Other Finding Aids

The following guide is available in the Benson Latin American Collection Rare Books Reference: Castañeda, Carlos Eduardo, 1896-1958.Guide to the Latin American Manuscripts in the University of Texas Library.
Cambridge, Mass. :
Harvard University Press,

Detailed Description of the Collection


1. Series, Documents about the descendants of Moctezuma (G15), Records of testimonies and decisions. 1579.


2. Series, Treatment of Indians by local officials, Records of testimonies and decisions. 1771-1778.


3. Series, Clergy's perceptions of the Indians. Correspondence dating from 1774 and a undated summary of a letter probably written in 1537.


4. Series, Governance of the inhabitants of New Mexico and New Spain. Instructions and orders issued in 1794 and copied in 1797.