An Inventory of His Collection at the Benson Latin American Collection
President of Mexico, military leader. Born 1783 in Tixtla (now Ciudad Guerrero); died 1831 in Cuilapan. Guerrero began his military career in 1810. He was commissioned capitan by José María Morelos before the attack on Taxco, and became a lieutenant colonel in 1812.
Guerrero joined forces with Juan Nepomuceno Rosains (1814) to continue the fight for independence and was made colonel. After years of fighting against the royalists, in 1821 Guerrero formed an alliance with Iturbide, formerly an enemy, to pursue independence. Upon their success Guerrero received the rank of general and the Gran Cruz de la Orden de Guadalupe. After Iturbide was removed from power Guerrero was named General de División, and became a member of the Supremo Poder Ejecutivo which governed until the assumption of the presidency by Guadalupe Victoria in 1824.
Guerrero was also head of the Partido Yorkino, and was a candidate for the presidency of the Republic in 1828. Manuel Gómez Pedraza initially obtained a majority of votes, but the legislature reversed itself and declared Guerrero president. He took office in April 1829. During his presidency a Spanish expedition attempted to reconquer Mexico. As a result, Guerrero organized a reserve army, at whose head he placed his vice-president, Anastasio Bustamante. After the army defeated the invaders, the congress declared Guerrero unfit to govern and Bustamante became president.
Guerrero left office on December 16, 1829 and initiated a counter-revolution which lasted through the year 1830. Guerrero was captured in January 1831, condemned to death by a council of war, and executed in Cuilapan on February 14, 1831.
Correspondence, financial and legal documents, documents pertaining to elections in the state of Guerrero, literary productions, and lists constitute the majority of the collection (bulk dates 1822-1831). Correspondence primarily concerns Guerrero's personal business (management of haciendas and other property) and military affairs. Financial documents include accounts, inventories and valuations, notes of indebtedness and repayment, and receipts relating to Guerrero's business affairs.
The item, “Livro de data general de varios giros que tengo á mi cargo...” is filed separately as G413 Ms. Legal documents include grants, leases, and agreements concerning property. Literary productions are comprised of reports and notes on properties, and one speech. Lists contain business information for the years 1823-1831 and military information for 1822; other items in this series are a register of inhabitants of Tixtla made in 1822 and lists of births, marriages, and deaths recorded by the Iglesia Parroquial Cabezera de Partido de San Martín in Tixtla from January through September of 1822.
The collection also contains documents pertaining to Guerrero's pension; certifications, oaths of office and allegiance, and miscellaneous documents; several decrees of the Supremo Poder Ejecutivo from 1824; and documents relating to the Grito de Centralismo, Campeche (1829).
The materials are in Spanish.
Vicente Guerrero Collection, 1723-1843, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin
The Vicente Guerrero Collection forms part of the Genaro García Collection, which was purchased by the University of Texas in 1921 from the heirs of Genaro García.
The Vicente Guerrero Collection was described by the Benson's Mexican Archives Project in December 1993.
Finding aid initially prepared by the Mexican Archives Project, January 24, 1995.
The collection is also available on microfilm.
Other Finding Aids
The following guide is available in the Benson Latin American Collection Rare Books Reference: Castañeda, Carlos Eduardo, 1896-1958.Guide to the Latin American Manuscripts in the University of Texas Library.
Additional information pertaining to Vicente Guerrero is to be found in the papers of his wife, Guadalupe Hernández de Guerrero, and son-in-law, Mariano Riva Palacio, which also are housed at this institution.