Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Organization Note

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

I. Subgroup, Materials arranged by subject (restored to Buckley's arrangement)

II. Subgroup, Materials arranged by format

Appendix A: Partial Index to Subgroup I

The Benson Latin American Collection

William F. Buckley, Sr. :

An Inventory of His Papers at the Benson Latin American Collection



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Buckley, William Frank, 1881-1958
Title: William F. Buckley, Sr., Papers
Dates: 1910-1948
Dates (Bulk): 1910-1922
Abstract: Papers of William F. Buckley, Sr., University of Texas law graduate, lawyer and oil business executive, active in business and politics in Mexico from 1908 until 1921.
OCLC Record No.: 34003009
Extent: 23 linear feet
Language: Spanish and English
Repository: Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Born 1881; died 1958. B.S. 1904 and LL.B. 1905, University of Texas. Lived in Mexico from 1908 until 1921, when he was expelled for opposition to the Álvaro Obregón government.

In Mexico Buckley served as advisor to U.S. and European oil companies, operated a law firm, and engaged in real estate and leasing of oil lands. In 1914 he founded the Pantepec Oil Company. Buckley was counsel to the Mexican government's delegation to the Niagara Falls Conference in 1914; in December, 1919 he testified before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Foreign Relations as an expert witness on conditions in Mexico. As founder and president of the American Association of Mexico, Buckley worked to remove restrictions on U.S. oil and landed interests in Mexico imposed by the Mexican Constitution of 1917.

In 1924 he transferred the Pantepec Oil Co. to Venezuela. He continued as the company's president until 1943 and remained active in international oil exploration and production.

Chronology
July 11, 1881 born at Washington-on-the Brazos, Washington County, Texas
1899/1900 entered UT; taught Spanish and attended law school
1904 received B.S.
1905/1906 received LL.B.
1906 received license to practice law
1908 settled in Mexico and established with two brothers/brother Claude the law firm of Buckley & Buckley to represent major (American and European) oil companies operating in Mexico
1911 opened law office in Tampico with brother Edmund (representing American and European oil companies
1913 founded and became president of the Pantepec Oil Company of Mexico in Tampico
1914 named by Huerta as counsel for the Mexican government at the ABC conference in Niagara Falls (when Argentina, Brazil, Chile acted as mediators between U.S. and Mexico); gave up law practice and engaged in real estate and leasing of oil lands; refused position of civil governor of Veracruz
Dec. 1919 testified before U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Foreign Relations as an expert witness on conditions in Mexico
-- founded and became president of the American Association of Mexico, working to have the Mexican Constitution of 1917 amended to remove restrictions on U.S. oil and landed interests in that country
Nov. 1921 expelled from Mexico by Obregón's government under Article 33/because of the activities of the AAM in opposing recognition of the Obregón government
1922 gave full report of expulsion to the U.S. Secretary of State; gave his papers to UT
1924
Oct. 5, 1958 died in New York

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents

Newspaper clippings, correspondence, and literary productions relating to political conditions in Mexico during the revolutionary period and to Mexico's relationship with the United States and U.S. oil companies operating in Mexico. Narrower topics include revolutionary disturbances in Mexico; the situation of American residents of Mexico, described in materials of the American Association of Mexico and other groups representing Americans in Mexico; the 1914 American occupation of Veracruz; and Buckley's expulsion from Mexico.

Clippings, which form the bulk of the papers, are from both Mexican and American newspapers; some are in scrapbooks. Correspondence pertains to Buckley's professional and personal business and includes reports from field agents. Literary productions include transcriptions of newspaper texts as well as reports, statements, speeches, notes, and interviews reflecting Buckley's opinion of events in Mexico. Materials dating from after Buckley's residence in Mexico are few.

The materials are in English and Spanish.

Return to the Table of Contents


Organization Note

Mr. Buckley's staff devised a subject arrangement scheme for his papers which was never fully implemented. The papers were borrowed from UT in 1925 by the United States and Mexican Claims Commission and were returned in 1929 in disarray. They were partially restored to their original arrangement by Benson staff (these materials now constitute Subgroup I); the remainder form Subgroup II, which was arranged by the staff of the Mexican Archives Project into series based on format of material. The project staff completed the processing of the papers in September 1995.

Arrangement

Materials are arranged by subject or format of material.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

Subjects
Buckley, William Frank, 1881-1958--Archives.
Mexico--History--Revolution, 1910-1920.
Mexico--Politics and government--1910-1946.
Mexico--Foreign relations--United States--20th century.
United States--Foreign relations--Mexico--20th century.
Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--Mexico--History--20th century.
Americans--Mexico.
Other Authors
American Association of Mexico.

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William F. Buckley, Sr. Papers, Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

Acquisitions Information

The papers were donated by William F. Buckley, Sr., to The University of Texas in 1922. The original gift was supplemented by gifts from William F. Buckley, Jr. in 1963 and Jane Buckley Smith in 1985. The Smith gift was transferred from the Barker Texas History Center to the Benson Latin American Collection on October 21, 1985.

Processing Information

Prepared by the Mexican Archives Project, October 9, 1995.

Alternative Form Available

The papers are also available on microfilm.

Return to the Table of Contents


Subgroups and Series

I. Subgroup, Materials arranged by subject (restored to Buckley's arrangement)

Under each subject code are usually found the following groups: 1. Speeches, reports, correspondence, etc., 2. Typescripts of clippings, and 3. Clippings
See Appendix A for a partial index to Subgroup I.
Box Folder
1 1 Partial index list
2-18 010-040
Box Folder
2 1-21 045-113a
Box Folder
3 1-16 113b-113.44[b] pt.1
Box Folder
4 1-20 113.44[b]pt.2-122.2[a]
Box Folder
5 1-11 122.2[b] pt.1-122.5[1] pt.3
Box Folder
6 1-14 122.5[2]-123.3[b][1]pt.1
Box Folder
7 1-10 123.3[b][1]pt.2-123.4[b][l]pt.2
Box Folder
8 1-14 123.4[b][2]pt.1-141&142[b][2]
Box Folder
9 1-13 141&142[b][3]pt.1-145[b]
Box Folder
10 1-17 146-152[b][l]pt.2
Box Folder
11 1-14 152[b][2]-153.S[b]
Box Folder
12 1-18 153.6-164[b]
Box Folder
13 1-31 167-222[b]
Box Folder
14 1-26 223 [pt.1]-224.4[a]
Box Folder
15 1-24 224.4[b]-230[a]
Box Folder
16 1-11 230[b] [pt.1]-231[b][pt.2]
Box Folder
17 1-10 231[b][pt.3]-232[b] [pt.2]
Box Folder
18 1-23 233 [pt.1]-258
Box
42 Oversize material for Subgroup I

Return to the Table of Contents




II. Subgroup, Materials arranged by format

1. Series, Clippings and other printed material
a. Clippings
i. loose
Box Folder
19 1 Clippings, 1880, 1889, 1907, 1909-1911
2-9 Clippings, 914-1915
Box Folder
20 1-8 1916 January-August
Box Folder
21 1-9 1916 September-December, 1917 January-March
Box Folder
22 1-18 1917 April-December, 1918, 1919 January-August
Box Folder
23 1-7 1919 September 2-October 7
Box Folder
24 1-10 1919 October 8-October 27
Box Folder
25 1-8 1919 October 28-November 25
Box Folder
26 1-8 1919 November 29-December 17
Box Folder
27 1-8 1919 December 21-31, 1920 January 1-13
Box Folder
28 1-9 1920 January 14-February 12
Box Folder
29 1-7 1920 February 13-December, 1921 January-April
Box Folder
30 1-2 1921 May-December
3-4 1922
5-8 1923
Box Folder
31 1 1924-1932, 1936
2-6 Undated
ii. scrapbooks
Include: Mexican events as well as Latin American events, Central American and Caribbean events.
Box
(shelved) 1. Chronology of Mexican events in New York newspapers, 1919 August 11-September 8
2. Clippings from New York newspapers, 1919 September 8-November 24
3. Clippings from New York newspapers, 1919 November 24-December 12
4. Clippings from New York newspapers, 1919 December 12-1920 February 25
5. Clippings from New York newspapers, 1921 February 1-June 17
6. Clippings from Mexican newspapers, 1921 February 13-June 10
7. Clippings from New York and Mexican newspapers, 1921 June 19-September 2
8. Clippings from Mexican newspapers, 1921 June 12-July 20
9. Clippings from Mexican newspapers, 1921 August 4-December 7
10. Clippings from New York and Mexican newspapers, 1921 September 2-1922 January 22
11. Clippings from Mexican newspapers, 1921 December 8-1922 April 18
12. Clippings from New York newspapers, 1922 January 23-September 28
13. Clippings from Texas newspapers, 1923 September 8-October 9
14. Clippings from Texas and New York newspapers, 1923 September 9-1924 July 4
15. Clippings from New York and Texas newspapers, 1924 July 4-1926 April 2
16. Clippings from New York and Mexican newspapers (also includes some San Antonio Light clippings), 1926 April 2-1927 January 11
17. Clippings from New York and Texas newspapers, 1927 January 11-November 5
18. Clippings from New York and Texas newspapers, 1929 November 6, 1927 January 11
19. Clippings from New York and San Antonio newspapers (Latin American events: mostly Central America), 1926 December 21-1927 December 31
20. Clippings from New York, Boston, Texas and some Latin American newspapers (Central American and Caribbean events), 1923 September 23-1926 December 31, 1928 January 1-28
21. Clippings from New York and Texas newspapers (Central American and Caribbean events), 1928 January 28-1929 January 6
22. Clippings from New York and Texas newspapers, 1927-1929
Clippings from New York and Texas newspapers, December 20-31, 1927; January 1-May 2, 1929 (Mexican and Central American events) July 20-August 31, 1928; January 16-Apr. 2, 1929 (Central American events)
iii. oversized
Box
36 Scrapbooks
1-2 Volume 1, 1913 April 28-August 17
3 Volume 2, 1913 August 17-September 30
4 Volume 3, 1913 October 10-31
Box Folder
37 1 Volume 4, 1913 November 1-25
2 Volume 5, 1913 November 26-December 13
3 Volume 6, 1913 December 13-31
4 Volume 7, 1914 January 1-February 4
5 Volume 8, 1914 February 5-March 14
Box Folder
38 1 Volume 24, 1914 September 1-October 30
2 Volume 25, 1914 November 1-December 14
3 Volume 26, 1914 December 11-1915 January 27
4 Volume 27, 1915 January 27-March 17
Box Folder
39 1 Volume 28, 1915 March 18-April 29
2 Volume 29, 1915 May 1-June 5
3 Volume 30, 1915 June 6-July 14
4 Volume 31, 1915 July 11-August 28
Box Folder
40 1-8 Clippings, 1913-1919
Box Folder
41 1-4 Clippings, 1920-1923
5 Clippings, 1927-1928
6 Clippings, undated
7 Other printed material
8 Subgroup II various
Includes literary productions, clippings, and other material by or pertaining to Buckley as well as reports and statements.
Map_Case Folder
OV 1 Subgroup II, other printed material
Includes "El ex-Ministro Flores Magon se exhibe tal cual es" and "Como fue cometido el asesinato del General y Senador por Tamaulipas, Don Emiliano P. Nafarrate / sensacionales declaraciones del procesado Enrique Pavageau, rendidas ante el juez de la causa" (numbers 122.5, 123.4).
Box Folder
31 7-8 b. Other printed material
2. Series, Correspondence
a. To or from William F. Buckley, Sr.
i. Professional, 1914-1946
Box Folder
32 1 A-B
(61 leaves)
2 C-D
(58 leaves)
3 E-G
(133 leaves)
4 H-P
(64 leaves; 1card)
5 R
(61 leaves)
6 S-V
(48 leaves)
7 W-Y
(56 leaves)
8 ii. Personal, 1922-1948
(18 letters: 20 leaves)
b. Other correspondence
i. Assorted, 1913-1916, 1919-1923, 1927-1928, 1938 and undated
9 1913
(14 leaves)
10 1914
(88 leaves)
11 1915-1916
(63 leaves)
12 1919
(36 leaves)
13 1920
(37 leaves)
14 Other correspondence (not to or from WFB), 1921
(41 leaves)
15 Other correspondence (not to or from WFB), 1922
(29 leaves)
16 Other correspondence (not to or from WFB), 1923, 1927-1928, 1938
(11 leaves)
17 Other correspondence (not to or from WFB), undated
(17 leaves)
18 ii. Reports from field agents, 1919-1920
(110 leaves)
Box
33 3. Series, Literary productions
a. Literary productions, clippings, and other materials by or pertaining to William F. Buckley, Sr., 1919-1922, 1924-1925, 1927-1928, 1940-1943
1 1919-1921
2 1922, 1924
3-4 1925
5 1927-1928
6 1940-1943
7 Undated
b. Other literary productions
i. Transcriptions of newspaper articles, 1914-1923 and undated
8 1914
9 1915
10 1916
11 1917
12 1918
13 1919
14 1920
15-16 1921
17 1922
18 1923
19 Undated
Box
34 ii. Reports, statements, memoranda, speeches, notes, etc., 1913-1916, 1918-1921, 1923, 1926 and undated
1 1913
2 1914
3 1915
4 1916, 1918
5 1919
6 1920
7 1921
8 1923
9 1926
10-16 Undated
Box
35 4. Series, Organizations representing Americans in Mexico
a. American Association of Mexico
i. Correspondence
1 Outgoing, 1921-1922
(61 leaves)
2 Outgoing, 1923
(32 leaves)
3 Incoming, 1921-1923
(6 leaves)
4 ii. Bulletins and memoranda, 1921
b. Association of Producers of Petroleum in Mexico/National Association for the Protection of American Rights in Mexico
6 Association of Producers of Petroleum in Mexico, 1921-1922: Resolution (Mar. 1921) and documents related to oil production and taxes 1921-1922
7 National Association for the Protection of American Rights in Mexico, 1921, 1923, undated: Memo to Secretary of State (Apr. 11, 1921) and mimeographed translations from Mexican newspapers, 1921, 1923, undated
8 c. Society of the American Colony undated, circa 1913-1915
List of the Executive Committee of the American Colony, draft statement to the American government, resolution, telegram from Buckley, statement from the Society of the American Colony to be transmitted via the Brazilian Minister to the U.S. Dept. of State.
9 5. Series, Photographs, 1927 November 23
(3 photos; 4 copies of each)
Photographs of the execution of Padre Miguel Agustin Pro Juarez , Humberto Pro Juarez, Luis Segura Vilchis, and Juan Tirado Arias.

Return to the Table of Contents




Appendix A: Partial Index to Subgroup I

Number Subject
(010] To and from University of Texas
[012] Indexes and general inventories, assignments, general outlines
[015] Buckley's expulsion
[020 Francisco Urquidi's correspondence
[025] Telegrams and Mexican Trade Commission
[026] Statements of Buckley's secretary
[030] Recognition of 1920 government
[035] Typescripts of testimony of Wallace Thompson, 1920
[040] Banditry in oil fields-reports
[050] Yearly summaries
111.1 Education
111.2 Poverty and disease
111.3 Cultural
111.42 Crime statistics
112.1 Physical ruin
112.42 Salaries and purchasing power
112.5 Industries-Factory statistics only (Labor under ll4)
112.9 Imports and exports
113 Military situation under Carranza
113.41 Villa
113.42 Zapata
113.43 Diaz
113.44 Rebels in general
114 Labor conditions in general
121.1-2 Origin of revolution
121.32 Carranza's ostensible purposes--Plan of Guadalupe--Carranza's speeches and declarations, etc.
121.331.1 Plans to destroy upper classes
121.332.4 Actual purposes- general
121.4 Carranza revolution- general
122. l Plot against Madero
122.2 Aguascalientes Convention
122.4 Playing for re-election
122.5 Carrancista leaders--histories-statements--methods of graft
123.l Land question
123.2 Constitutionalism
123.3 Political rights of Mexicans
123.4 Personal rights of Mexicans
123.44 Famines (Red Cross is 234.2)
131 Govt. graft-customs duties, etc.
132 Court graft and administration
141 Finances and banking
142 Finances and banking, continued
143 Railroads
145 Catholic church and religion
146 Yucatan
147 Looting of Mexico City
148 Looting of ranches- cattle stealing
151 Political status of foreigners
152 Outrages against foreigners
153.1 Foreign investments-statistics
153.2 Concessions
153.3 Article 27
153.4 Oil
153.5 Mines
153.6 Lands of foreigners (Lands, general: 123.1)
153.7 Industrial companies
153.9 Damage claims
154.1 Attitude toward European governments
154.2 Attitude toward U.S. government
154.3 Pro-Germanism
154.4 Pan-Latinism
164 Mexican factions in U.S.
166 Madero revolution (no file in box)
167 Huerta revolution
172 Judge Douglas
173 Biased correspondents (Murray, Lawrence, etc.)
174 Censorship
175 Junkets
176 N.Y. and Washington propaganda offices
177 Socialist propaganda
178 Pacifist propaganda
179 Official propaganda
180 American intervention propaganda
190 Congressional investigations
210 Previous attitudes toward Mexico (no file in box)
221 Wilson refusal to consult those who knew Mexico
222 Henry Lane Wilson
223 Lind's mission
224.1 Wilson's addresses and papers
224.21 Monroe Doctrine
224.22 Foreign statesmen on Wilson's policy
224.23 Bryan's assumption of foreign complaints against Mexico
224.3 Relations to Carranza-recognition
224.34 Embargoes on arms
224.4 Relations of U.S. to rebel leaders
225 Tampico incident
225.3 Carranza's insults to U.S. flag
225.34 Invasion of Texas
226 Veracruz
227 Mayo's desertion of Americans at Tampico
228 Niagara Conference
229 Pan-American Conference
230 Pershing Expedition (military phases)
231 Strained relations of 1916 (all but military)
232 American-Mexican Commission
233 Personal representatives of President
234 Washington concealed truth from American people
234.2 Red Cross
235 Border raid
240 General diplomatic relations with Carranza
250 Refusal to protect American lives and property
253 Political "dope" 1912 and 1916
254 Political "dope" 1912 and 1916, continued
255 Political "dope" 1212 and 1916, continued
257 Press comments on Wilson's policy
258 Effect on Carranza of U.S. not protecting Americans
300 Solutions to Mexican problems (no file in box)

Return to the Table of Contents