The Benson Latin American Collection

Juan Pablo Anaya:

An Inventory of His Papers at the Benson Latin American Collection

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Anaya, Juan Pablo, 1785-1850
Title: Juan Pablo Anaya Papers
Dates: 1810-1911
Abstract: Papers relating to the political and military career of Juan Pablo Anaya in Mexico from 1821 to 1848, with other family papers and correspondence.
OCLC Record No.: 29537377
Extent: 8 in.
Language: Spanish or Castilian.
Repository: Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries,The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

General and politician. Born 1785 in Lagos, Jalisco; died 1850 in Mexico City. Veteran of the Mexican War of Independence; aided the United States against the British in Carolina. Deputy to the national congress (1821). General Brigada de los Ejércitos Nacionales (1824). Comandante General for Chiapas (1828). Brigadier General and General de Division (1832). Ministro de Guerra (January 8-30, 1833) in the administration of president Gómez Pedraza. Governor of Tabasco (Nov. 17, 1840-Dec. 6, 1840). Comandante General de Sinaloa and Sonora (1847). Jefe del Ejército del Ocidente (1847). Involved with construction of a railroad from Mexico City to Veracruz (1848). Relieved of command December 27, 1848, and became subject of investigation concerning his reduction of the customs tax.

1785 Born in Lagos, Jalisco
1810 joined with Hidalgo and Allende, War of Mexican Independence
1813 named General
1813 commissioned to go to U.S., where he asked for military supplies and recognition of the Mexican independence movement
1814 aids U.S. against British in Carolina
1815 struggle for independence of Carolina
1815 in New Orleans for recognition of Mexican flag by U.S.
1820 prisoner of war of Juan Dominguez
1821 joined Iguala Plan; Deputy to first Congress; made Brigadier General
1822 still Deputy; imprisoned and sentenced to death in Guadalajara
1822/24 Diputado por Guadalajara
1824 married Doña Mercedes Jaime de Aguirre
1824 General Brigada de los Ejércitos Nacionales
1826 made General de Division
1828 Comandante General for Chiapas
1829 Comandante General for Chiapas
1832 appointed Major General
1832/33 General de Division
1833 Minister of War, January 8-30
1834 Iguala, persecutions
1835 exiled
1840 Governor of Tabasco, Nov. 17, 1840-Dec. 6, 1840
1839 engaged in interterritorial Mexican battles; various states
1847 Commander General of Sinaloa
1848 railroad to Veracruz from Mexico City
1849 made Comandante General de Sinaloa
1849 transferred for his position and brought to trial for having lowered the customs tax by one-half without proper authority
1850 died in Mexico City

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, printed materials, financial and legal documents, and literary productions. all in Spanish, concerning Anaya's military and political career. Papers of his wife, Mercedes Jaime de Aguirre, and daughter, Gila Anaya, include correspondence, financial, and legal documents, mostly relating to Anaya's military pension. Newspaper clippings concern the construction of the railroad from Mexico City to Veracruz.


The papers are arranged into two subgroups. One subgroup is formed around Anaya and the other around his family. The subgroups are organized into series by document format.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Anaya, Juan Pablo, 1785-1850--Archives.
Jaime de Aguirre de Anaya, Mercedes, 1807-1886.
Anaya, Gila, 1837-
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Sources.
Texas--History--To 1846--Sources.
Mexico--Politics and government--19th century--Sources.
Mexico--Politics and government--1821-1861--Sources.
Mexico--Foreign relations--1821-1861--Sources.

Related Material

García, Genaro, 1867-1920.Genaro García Collection, 15-- - 1920?, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Juan Pablo Anaya Papers, 1810-1911, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

The Juan Pablo Anaya Papers form part of the Genaro García Collection, which was purchased by the University of Texas in 1921 from the heirs of Genaro García.

Processing Information

The papers were described by the Benson Latin American Collection's Mexican Archives Project in November 1993.

Prepared by the Mexican Archives Project, November 1994.

The papers are also available on microfilm.

Subgroups and Series

I. Juan Pablo Anaya

1. Series, Correspondence, 1822-1851, 2.5 inches. Subunits/folder titles include general correspondence (1822-1851), Sonora Treasury Department (1845), Comandante General de Sinaloa y Sonora (1847-1848), customs tax investigation (1848-1849), and registers of correspondence (1847-1848).
2. Series, Printed material, 1821-1851, 2 folders plus oversized. Includes newspapers and clippings (1830-1851) and broadsides and circulars (1821-1833).
3. Series, Financial documents, 1849, 1 folder. Consists of receipts and an undated list.
4. Series, Literary Productions, 1841 and undated, 1 folder. Contains autobiographical material, reports, speeches, and research notes.
5. Series, Legal Documents, 1818-1849, 3 folders. Includes certificates (1824-1850), declarations and statements (1818-1848), and decrees and orders (1833-1835).
6. Series, Sueldos y alcances, 1823-1855
1 folder.

II. Anaya Family

1. Series, Correspondence, 1886-1899
1 folder.
2. Series, Printed Material, 1861-1911
1 folder.
3. Series, Financial Documents, 1856-1895
1 folder.
4. Series, Legal Documents, 1850-1897
1 folder.