UT Health Science Center San Antonio

Guide to the Charles Scott Venable Collection



Descriptive Summary and Abstract

Creator Venable, Charles 1877-1961
Title: Charles Scott Venable Collection
Inclusive dates: 1877-1961
Abstract: Charles Scott Venable was a San Antonio General Surgeon from 1908-1925. He graduated from the University of Virginia with his medical degree in 1900, interned at the Hudson Street Hospital in New York City and the Union Protestant Infirmary in Baltimore. Venable continued his studies at clinics in Ireland, Austria, France, and England. He founded the Lee Surgical Hospital and was instrumental in the establishment of the San Antonio Free Clinic. He was an active member in the Texas Medical Association, Texas Surgical Society, Bexar County Medical Society, International Society of Surgery, Southern Surgical Association, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, and the American Board of Surgery. One of his greatest achievements, while in partnership with Walter Stuck and Asa Beach, was the discovery of the use of Vitallium in bone surgery. The Venable collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, news clippings, photographs, drawings, notes, speeches, and a vitallium surgical appliances catalog.
Identification: MS 9
Extent: 1 box, 96 items
Language: Materials in English and French.
Repository University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, UTHSC Libraries, University Archives, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900

Biographical Note

Charles Scott Venable was born in Charlottesville, Virginia, on June 13, 1877. His father was a Lieutenant Colonel during the Civil War, and later professor of mathematics at the University of Virginia. His mother, Mary Southall, was descended from Virginia politicians. He attended the University of Virginia and received his medical degree in 1900. He continued his studies at medical clinics in Dublin, Ireland; Graz, Austria; Paris, France; and London, England. After his return from Europe, he interned at the Hudson Street Hospital in New York City and the Union Protestant Infirmary in Baltimore.

He accepted an appointment as Instructor in the Medical Department at the University of Virginia. Unhappy with the lack of advancement opportunities, he moved to San Antonio in 1908 and opened a private practice. Dr. Venable specialized in surgery and gynecology. In 1908, he founded the Lee Surgical Hospital, which operated for nearly twenty years. In 1911, he was instrumental in the establishment of the San Antonio Free Clinic. For many years he was a consultant at Brook Army Hospital, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, and the Robert B. Green Hospital, San Antonio, Texas. He was an attending surgeon at the Nix Hospital and the Crippled Children’s Division at the Santa Rosa Hospital, and was honorary an professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. He was a charter member of the Texas Surgical Society when it was organized March 6, 1915. He remained a member for forty-six years and was the last survivor of the charter group of surgeons. In 1915, he was elected a fellow of the American College of Surgeons. He was president of the Texas Surgical Society in 1924, the Bexar County Medical Society in 1930, and the Texas Medical Association in 1943. He was a member of the Committee on Trauma from 1937 until his death, and the Board of Governors from 1947 to 1950. He was certified by the American Board of Surgery when it was in organized in 1937. During World War I, Dr. Venable was co-organizer, with M. W. Ireland of the Army Medical Corps, of the San Antonio Red Cross Chapter. He became an Army Medical Officer and served overseas as Chief of Orthopedics at the Eighth Evacuation Hospital. In World War II, he received a Congressional Award of Merit for Service.

When he was not practicing medicine, he was teaching it, writing about it, or conducting experiments. He authored some forty plus papers on medical subjects. His passion for research and his collaboration with Dr. Walter Stuck and Asa Beach led him to the discovery of the use of Vitallium in bone surgery. Additionally, Dr. Venable designed the first aritifical elbow made of vitallium for a local band director and replaced the first femoral head for a fractured hip with a vitalium ball and spike. Charles Venable married Madge J. Bonney in Charlottesville, Virginia, on September 5, 1900. They had four daughters; Bonney, Polly, Page, and Natalie. Madge died in 1925. On December 9, 1932, he married Eleanor A. Herff. Venable passed away of congestive heart failure in San Antonio on September 20, 1961.


Chronology

Date
1877 Born on June 13 in Charlottesville, Virginia.
1900 Graduates from University of Virginia and begins internships in the Union Protestant Infirmary in Baltimore and the Hudson Street Hospital in New York.
1900 Marries Madge J. Bonney in Charlottsville, Virgina, on September 5, 1900. They had four daughters before Madge died in 1925. On December 9, 1932, he married Eleanor A. Herff of San Antonio.
1908 Moves to San Antonio, Texas, and sets up private practice.
1909 Established the Lee Surgical Hospital.
1911 Instrumental in the establishment of the San Antonio Free Clinic.
1915 Elected a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons.
1917 Served overseas with Virginia Unit Base Hospital No 61 as Chief of Orthopedics.
1924 Elected President of the Texas Surgical Society
1930 Elected President of the Bexar County Medical Society.
1943 Elected President of the Texas Medical Association.
1947 Co-authored article The Internal Fixation of Fractures with Walter G. Stuck, in which the authors introduced the alloy Vitallium into bone surgery.
1961 Passed away of congestive heart failure in San Antonio on September 20, 1961.

Scope and Contents

The Venable collection spans the years 1877-1961. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, drawings, photographs, news clippings, and advertisements.


 

Arrangement of Collection

The collection is organized in 1 box in 9 series as follows:
Series 1: Biographical Materials
Series 2: Miscellaneous News Clippings and Correspondence
Series 3: Notes, Speeches, and Reports
Series 4: Certificates, Commendations, and Memberships
Series 5: Free Clinic Association
Series 6: Misc. Notes and Writings
Series 7: Article Reprints
Series 8: Vitallium-Advertisements, Correspondence, and Catalogs
Series 9: Audiovisual Materials

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use. Materials may be viewed in the reading room of the P. I. Nixon Medical Historical Library, located on the 5th floor of the Briscoe Library at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Use Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Physical Access

Some materials are very brittle or torn on the edges and may require an electronic copy or photocopy for use.


Index Terms

The Charles Venable Collection is classified under the following index terms in the catalog of the UTHSCSA University Libraries
Persons
Venable, Charles Scott, 1877-1961
Stuck, Walter Goodloe, 1905-1950
Beach, Asa, 1901-1992
Organizations
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Texas Medical Association
Bexar County Medical Society
International Society of Surgery
Texas Surgical Society
American Association for the Surgery of Trauma
Lee Surgical Hospital
San Antonio Free Clinic
Nix Memorial Hospital(San Antonio, Texas)
Robert B. Green Hospital(San Antonio, Texas)
Document Types
Correspondence
Certificates
News Clippings
Advertisements
Drawings
Photographs
Reports
Reprints
Subjects
Chromium Alloys
Physicians – Texas
History of Medicine – Texas
Fracture Fixation, Internal
Socialized Medicine

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], in the Charles Scott Venable Collection, MS 9, University Archives, UTHSC Libraries, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Provenance

Materials in this collection were donated in 1970 to the library of the University of Texas Medical School at San Antonio by the Bexar County Medical Society.

Collection History

Received as part of donation of manuscripts and historical books from Bexar County Medical Society Library in 1970.

Processing Information

Finding aid created by: Mellisa DeThorne, June 2010.


Detailed Description of Collection

 

Series 1. Biographical Materials

Folder
1 Parker, Maxwell. Notes on My Grandfather, Charles Scott Venable.
Bibliography on Charles Scott Venable, 1877-1961.
Omer, George. Biographical Sketch on Charles Scott Venable. Include references.
News clipping. Biographical data.



 

Series 2. Miscellaneous News Clippings and Correspondence

Folder
2 News Clipping, The House Chronicle (Houston, Texas), “Texas Surgical Society Formed.” March 7, 1915.
News Clipping, San Antonio Light, “Consultant for Brooke.” July 12, 1946.
Editorial. “Dr. C. S. Venable’s Articles on First Aid.”
Letter from Venable to General G.C. Beach, September 7, 1943.
Letter from G. C. Beach to Venable, September 6, 1943.
News clipping, Charles Scott Venable Lectureship.
News clipping, “Field of Surgery Widened by Using Motorized Tools.”
News clipping, “Medicine Hailed as Aid to City’s Business Life.”
News clipping, “Maj. C. S. Venable is Sent to New York.”
News clipping, “Socialized Medicine Combated by Texas State Medical Association.”
News clipping, “Building Up the Highway First-Aid Service.”
News clipping, “Little Pig Latest Victim of Graft.”
News clipping, “Surgeons Cite Training Needs for Graduates.”
News clipping, “This Nation Does Not Want Political Medicine.”
News clipping, “Four Civilian Doctors Receive Army Citation
News clipping, “Medicine Big Business for San Antonio.”
News clipping, “San Antonian is Elected at Medical Meet.”



 

Series 3: Notes, Speeches, and Reports

Series 3: Second report of the Lee Surgical Hospital, 1912.
Folder
3 Excerpts from minutes of the special meeting executive council. Handwritten notes on index cards.
Transposition of bone chips or muscle implants in early closure of osteomylitis with antibiotic control.
Osteomyelitis. 6 typed index cards.
The Industrial Value of Medicine in San Antonio.



 

Series 4: Certificates, Commendations, Resolutions, and Memberships

Folder
4 Congratulatory Telegram to Venable from Venable Clinic, 1937.
Congratulatory Telegram to Venable from Walter and Mel.
Membership Cards, Societe International de Chirurgie, 1948-1951.
Officers list, International Society of Surgery
Statutes, International Society of Surgery.
Letter from William B. Parson to Venable, February 2, 1948.
Letter from Arthur W. Allen to Venable.
Letter from Venable to William Barclay Parsons, February 9, 1948.
Admission Fee notice, International Society of Surgery, February 25, 1948.
Letter from L. Dejardin to Venable, February, 1949.
Letter from L. Dejardin to Venable, August, 1950.
Letter from A.M. Dogliotti to Venable, February 1, 1951.
Letter from Indore to Venable, December 3, 1937.
Letter from Kendall B. McClure to Venable, December 3, 1937.
Letter from L. Dejardin to Venable, February 26, 1948.
Letter from Venable to L. Dejardin, April 2, 1948.
Letter from L. Dejardin to Venable, June 5, 1949.
Letter from Frederic W. Bancroft to Venable, September 29, 1949.
Letter from Frederic W. Bancroft to Venable, September 30, 1949
Letter from Sam F. Seeley to Venable, September 26, 1949.
Letter from Venable to Sam F. Seeley, October 3, 1949.
Letter from L. Dejardin to Venable.
Letter from L. Dejardin to Venable. Re International Society of Surgery Meeting.
Letter from Charles A. Vance to Venable, November 25, 1939.
Letter from R. Archer to Venable, December 4, 1937.
Letter from Oscar M. Marchman to Venable, December 11, 1937.
Letter from David Grant to Venable, December 13, 1947.
Letter from Venable to John E. Field, April 14, 1948.
Letter from R.W. Bliss to Venable, February 11, 1950.
Letter from A.R. Gaines to Venable, February 10, 1950.
Letter from Venable to R.W. Bliss, February 20, 1950.
Letter from A.R. Gaines to Venable, February 10, 1950.
Letter from Venable to A.R. Gaines, February 20, 1950.
Letter from John R. Banister to Venable
Resolution, Bexar County Medical Society.
Membership certificate, San Antonio Surgical Society, November 19, 1956.



 

Series 5: Free Clinic Association

Folder
5 News clipping “The First Free Children’s Clinic in San Antonio.”
News clipping “Soliciting for Free Hospital Being Pushed.”
Resolution by Paschal to form a committee to control sale of poisonous drugs, 1914.
News clipping “Movement Starts for Big Civic Asset to Growing City.”
News Clipping “Healing for Poor of City to be Free.”
News Clipping “Wage Vigorous Campaign.”
News Clipping “Wage Vigorous Campaign.”
News Clipping “Free Clinic Movement.”
News Clipping “Free Clinic is Growing.”
News Clipping “Delightful Clinic Tea.”
News Clipping “Free Clinic is Needed.”
News Clipping “A Deserving Charity.”
News Clipping “Constitution and By-laws are A.”
News Clipping “Free Clinic Does Good.”
News Clipping “Larger Quarter Needed.”
News Clipping “Dispensary Needs Funds.”
News Clipping “Plans are Taking Shape.”
News Clipping “A Look in the Future.”
News Clipping “Free Clinic Needs Funds.”
News Clipping “Free Clinic is Working for Relief of the Indigent Sick.”
News Clipping “Mammy Contributes $5 to Free Dispensary.”
News Clipping “Help the Free Clinic.”
News Clipping “Champions in Game for the Free Clinic.”
News Clipping “Fair Sex Promotes Game.”
News Clipping “Raise More than Expected for Free Clinic.”



 

Series 6: Article Reprints

Folder
6 M. Robert Danis, Traitment operatoire des fractures.
C. S. Venable, Bone Implementation in Potts’ Disease
C. S. Venable, Improved Operation for Prolapsus Uterie with Report and Results.
C. S. Venable, The Management of Advanced Cases of Tuberculosis of the Hip.
C. S. Venable, Stricture of the Rectum.
C. S. Venable, Further Observations in the Surgery of Deformities of the Spine.
C. S. Venable, Report of a Case of Multiple Myelomata.
C. S. Venable, Fracture of Tibia and Fibula.
C. S. Venable, Fracture Types and Their Management in the A. E. F.
Our Living Past Presidents.
C. S. Venable, Discussion of Paper by Dr. John T. F. Gallagher entitled “Internal Fixation of Femoral Neck and Intertrochanteric Fractures.”
George J. Curry, Deficiencies of Stainless Steel Internal Fixation Units.
Robert H. Kennedy, Transportation of the Injured with Particular Reference to Fractures of the Extremities.
C. S. Venable, Application of an Electrically Neutral Metal in Fractures.



 

Series 7: Photographs and Drawings

Folder
7 Drawing of Venable by Dr. Robert Sparkman at Southern Surgical Association Meeting.
Pencil Drawing of Venable Made in Cadillac Bar, Nuevo Laredo, 1941.
Portrait of Charles Scott Venable.
Photographs re first aid equipment.



 

Series 8: Vitallium-Advertisements, Correspondence, and Catalog

Folder
8 X Ray showing vitallium implant?
An Outline of the Treatment of Fractures, . 1949
Arthroplasty of the Hip with use of Vitallium Cup, Reprint 1939.
Letter from Austenal, Inc., Advertising Vitallium, 1958.
Letter from R. H. Kennedy to National Bureau of Standards Re Specs, Vitallium, July 1947.
Letter from Venable to B. C. Crowell Re Adjustable Traction Splints, 1944.
Letter to M. V. Parker from S. Weisman Re History of Vitallium, 1980.
Letter to Venable from Austen Laboratores Re Vitallium articles, 1937.
Letter to Venable from C. Scudder Re Vitallium Program, 1939.
Letter to Venable from H. H. Trout Re Vitallium Reprints, 1943.
Letter to Venable from J. F. Mitchell Re Success of Vitallium, 1943.
Letter to Venable from J. R. Bost Re Use of Vitallium, 1941.
Letter to Venable from T.G. Hull Re AMA Vitallium Exhibit, 1937.
Letter to Venable fron T.S. Cullen Re Metal corrosion in the body, 1941.
Letter from Walter Stuck to Venable, January 1, 1938.
News Clipping “San Antonio Men Open New Field in Bone Surgery.”
News Clipping “Non-Corrosive Metal for Surgery Reported.”
News Clipping “New Alloys for Bone Surgery Perfected.”
News Clipping “Doctors of San Antonio Given Award for Surgical Discovery.”
News Clipping “Destruction of Bone-Fastening Metals.”
News Clipping “3 San Antonians Get Prize for Metal Alloy.”
News Clipping “Alloys used in Bone Surgery.”
News Clipping “New Bones for Old.”
News Clipping “New Metal Alloy Promotes Bone Surgery.”
Reprint, “Hip Arthroplasty with Vitallium Cap.”
Reprint, “Vitallium Surgical Appliances.”
Reprint, “Vitallium Surgical Appliances.”
Reprint, “Austenal Information Please.”
Reprint, “The Romance of Austenal.”
Report of a Case in which a Vitallium plate could not be Removed, 1940.
Vitallium Advertisements and Price lists.
Roxie—Story of a Hero. Vitallium advertisement.
News Clipping “Invents Cup to Help Sufferers.”
News Clipping “Orthopedics Achievement Show 600.”
News Clipping “Deformed Hips Repaired by Metal Cup Technique.”
News Clipping “Tells of Silvery Joints.”
News Clipping “Non-Corrovise Metal for Surgery Reported.”
Vitallium in Bone Surgery, December 1937.
News clipping “Arthroplasty of the Hip with use of Vitallium Cup.”
News clipping “Application of an Electrically Neutral Metal in Fractures.”
News clipping “The Use of Vitallium as a Material for Internal Fixation of Fractures.”
News clipping “Vitallium Replaces Man’s Hip Bone.”
News clipping “Five Methods Stop Corrosion”



 

Series 9: Audiovisual Materials

Folder
9 Film, Cases Brachial Plexus?
Film, Pig Skin Venable.?
Film, First Vitallium Cap, C. S. Venable.
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Katy 1st 30 ft?
Film, Cases Brachial Plexus?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Children Aug 1933.
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Shoulder?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Battle Flower?.
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Battle Flower?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Children Aug 1933.
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Club?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Breast graft?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Skin flap?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Hand Tendon Transposition.
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Menn-Ear-Cancer.
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Knees-apparatus?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Cleft?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Children at shack?
16mm Kodak Safety Film, Byril??