UT Health Science Center San Antonio

Guide to the Dr. Frank Paschal Collection



Descriptive Summary and Abstract

Creator Paschal, Frank, 1849-1925
Title: Dr. Frank Paschal Collection
Inclusive dates: 1873-1965
Abstract: Dr. Frank Paschal was a San Antonio physician who was an active crusader for public health measures and was widely known for his achievements in tuberculosis treatment and control. He graduated from Louisville Medical College in 1873 and interned for one year at Louisville Hospital. He practiced first in Chihuahua, Mexico then returned to establish a practice in San Antonio in 1892. He served as president of the West Texas Medical Society, the Medical Association of Texas, and the Texas Surgical Society and was a member of the state Board of Medical Examiners and the American College of Surgeons. He established charities in San Antonio and helped build the Physicians’ and Surgeons’ Hospital. The Paschal collection includes biographical materials; correspondence; certificates received; case reports and medical writings; miscellaneous other writings; and addresses to medical societies. Several addresses discuss the history of medicine in San Antonio and Bexar County.
Identification: MS 8
Extent: 2 boxes, 57 items
Language: Materials are in English and Spanish.
Repository University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, UTHSC Libraries, University Archives, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900

Biographical Note

Dr. Frank Paschal was a San Antonio physician who was an active crusader for public health measures and was widely known for his achievements in tuberculosis treatment and control at a time when the disease accounted for forty per cent of the deaths in San Antonio. He was born in San Antonio, Texas, the son of Franklin L. Paschal, on October 22, 1849. He grew up in both San Antonio and Monterrey, Mexico, his family returning to San Antonio in 1866. He began studying medicine with Dr. George Cupples at the age of 19, then he entered Louisville Medical College, graduating in 1873 with three of the six prizes for best standing . He returned to San Antonio in 1874 after a one year internship at Louisville Hospital and left six months later to establish a very successful practice in Chihuahua, Mexico as a surgeon specializing in the removal of bladder stones. On the way to Chihuahua, he worked for four months to combat a smallpox epidemic in Presidio on the Mexican border. He married Ladie Napier on a visit to San Antonio in 1878. They returned to live in San Antonio in 1892 with their 5 children, where he established a busy surgical practice.

Dr. Paschal became president of the West Texas Medical Society in 1893 and was health officer for San Antonio from 1899 to 1903, serving as attending physician and managing City Hospital. He was a member of the state Board of Medical Examiners from 1901 to 1903, was elected president by acclamation of the Medical Association of Texas in 1903, was a charter member of the American College of Surgeons in 1914, and served as president of the Texas Surgical Society in 1920. He founded the Associated Charities of San Antonio and helped organize and build the Physicians and Surgeons Hospital. He was one of the first to appreciate the seriousness of tuberculosis in Texas, and was instrumental in the establishment of a sanitarium in Carlsbad in 1912.

In addition, Dr. Paschal contributed many articles to medical journals, and for years he worked with the Medical Association of Texas to improve public health, medical education, and the medical profession. He died on December 20, 1925, and was buried in San Antonio. He was survived by two daughters and three sons. Two sons were physicians – Frank L. and George H. Paschal.

Sources:

"Paschal, Frank." Handbook of Texas Online. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpa44

Nixon, Pat Ireland. A century of medicine in San Antonio : the story of medicine in Bexar County, Texas. San Antonio, Tex: Privately published by the author, 1936.


Chronology

Date
1849 Born on October 22 in San Antonio, Texas. Father: Franklin L. Paschal.
1866 Family returns to San Antonio from Monterrey, Mexico.
1868 Begins study of medicine with Dr. George Cupples as preceptor.
1870 Enters Louisville Medical College.
1873 Graduates from Louisville Medical College and begins internship at Louisville Hospital.
1874 Returns to San Antonio for 6 months then leaves to set up practice in Mexico.
1878 Marries Ladie Napier.
1892 Returns with family to San Antonio and sets up practice as a surgeon.
1893 Serves as President of the West Texas Medical Society.
1899 Becomes health officer for San Antonio and serves until 1903.
1901 Serves as member of the Texas Board of Medical Examiners until 1903.
1903 Elected president of the Medical Association of Texas.
1914 Becomes a charter member of the American College of Surgeons and serves as chairman of the State Medical Association Committee on the Collections and Preservation of Records.
1920 Elected President of the Texas Surgical Society.
1925 Dies on December 20 in San Antonio.

Scope and Contents

The Paschal Collection spans the years 1873 to 1965 and includes biographical materials, including articles published on Dr. Paschal in The Pioneer and Southwest Texas Medicine and a funeral tribute written by Dr Arthur G. Jones. Correspondence includes letters regarding charities, legislative bills, appointments to various positions, a campaign against venereal disease in San Antonio, notification of passing the medical exam at Louisville Medical College, and other personal correspondence. Medical writings include articles published in medical journals as well as case reports and addresses delivered to various medical societies.


 

Arrangement of Collection

The collection is organized in 2 boxes in 7 series as follows:
Series 1: Biographical Materials
Series 2: Certificates and Licenses
Series 3: Correspondence
Series 4: Exhibit
Series 5: Case Reports and Medical Writings
Series 6: Miscellaneous Notes and Writings
Series 7: Addresses

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use. Materials may be viewed in the reading room of the P. I. Nixon Medical Historical Library, located on the 5th floor of the Briscoe Library at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. Access to patient records is restricted.

Use Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Physical Access

Some materials are very brittle or torn on the edges and may require an electronic copy or photocopy for use.


Index Terms

The Frank Paschal Collection is classified under the following index terms in the catalog of the UTHSCSA University Libraries
Persons
Paschal, Frank, 1849-1925
Cupples, George, 1815-1895
Organizations
Western Texas Medical Association
Texas State Medical Association
San Antonio. Health dept.
Physicians’ and Surgeons’ Hospital (San Antonio, Texas)
Subjects
Sexually Transmitted Diseases – prevention & control
Tuberculosis – prevention & control
Public Health – Texas
Physicians – Texas
History of Medicine – Texas
Document Types
Correspondence
Certificates
News Clippings
Reprints

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], in the Dr. Frank Paschal Collection, MS 8, University Archives, UTHSC Libraries, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Provenance

Materials in this collection were donated in 1970 to the library of the University of Texas Medical School at San Antonio by the Bexar County Medical Society.

Collection History

Received as part of donation of manuscripts and historical books from Bexar County Medical Society Library in 1970.

Processing Information

Finding aid created by: Anne Comeaux, December, 2009.


Detailed Description of Collection

 

Series 1. Biographical Materials

Box-Folder Item
MS 8*1-1 1 Photograph, date unknown, of Frank Paschal as a young man.
2 Photograph, date unknown, of picture of Frank Paschal.
3 Photograph, date unknown, of Frank Paschal as an older man.
4 Paschal, Frank. Tribute paid by Dr. Arthur G. Jones at death of Paschal.
5 In Memoriam – F. Paschal, Revered President State Association of Texas Pioneers. The Pioneer, January – February, 1926.
2 copies
6 B. F. Stout, M.D. Dr. Frank Paschal. Southwest Texas Medicine, July 1934.



 

Series 2. Certificates and Licenses

Box-Folder Item
MS 8*1-2 1 Certificate making Paschal a Fellow in the American College of Surgeons.
2 Certificate making Paschal delegate To S.W. Conf. on Tuberculosis, 1912.
3 Certificate making Paschal member of 9th International Medical Congress.
4 Certificate making Paschal member of Volunteer Medical Service Corps, 1918.
Box Item
MS 8*2 1 License to practice medicine in Mexico. Dated May 10, 1875.



 

Series 3. Correspondence

Box-Folder Item
MS 8*1-3 1 Letter to Paschal from Louisville Medical College, 1873.
2 Letter to Paschal from Dr. J.A. Octerlony, Louisville, Ky., 1879.
3 Letter appointing Paschal as Examining Surgeon. Bur. of Pensions, 1894.
4 Letter to Paschal from Quarantine Department of Texas, 1897.
5 Letter to Paschal from Joseph D. Sayers, Governor, regarding appointment as delegate to S.W. Conf. on Tuberculosis, 1902.
6 Letter from Paschal to J.W. Maxwell regarding Osteopaths Bill in Senate, 1905.
7 Letter from Paschal to S.A. Light regarding 'Poverty as a Crime' Editorial, 1912.
8 Letter to Paschal from Public Health Service asking for copy of History of Case of Malta Fever, 1915.
9 Letter from Paschal to L.M. Weinfield, 1918.
10 Letter to Paschal from War Dept. regarding venereal disease, August, 1918.
11 Letter to Paschal from War Dept. regarding venereal disease, June, 1918.
12 Letter to Frank Paschal from State Dept. regarding Medical Association of Texas Charter, 1922.
13 Letter to Paschal from UTMB regarding fetal bones donated to museum, 1925.
14 Letter to Paschal describing new Physicians and Surgeons Hospital.
15 Letter regarding Frank L. Paschal's gift of Texas Surgical Society Constitution, 1965?



 

Series 4. Exhibit

Box-Folder Item
MS 8*1-4 1 Description of exhibit on Frank Paschal, San Antonio Citizen, Physician and Sanitarian, mounted July 1, 1969 at the University of Texas Medical School at San Antonio.
2 News Release from Office of Media and Community Information.



 

Series 5. Case Reports and Medical Writings

Box-Folder Item
MS 8*1-5 1 Inflammation. Manuscript of article published in the Richmond and Louisville Medical Journal, February, 1874.
2 Newspaper clipping regarding Paschal's views on care of tuberculosis patients.
3 Resolution by Paschal to form a committee to control sale of poisonous drugs, 1914.
4 Reprint from Texas State Journal of Medicine on the Tuberculosis Problem. December 1906
5 Resection of Bones and Joints.
6 The Passing of Doctor Hamilton Atchison West.
7 The Commonwealth in Its Relation to Charity.
8 Report of Case of Malta Fever Occurring in the Practice of Dr. F. Paschal, F.A.C.S., San Antonio, Texas.
9 Malta Fever.
10 The Bexar County Medical Society – Its Past, Present and Future.
11 Diagnosis of Diseases of the Gall-bladder.
12 The Duty of Organized Government in the Prevention of Tuberculosis. Address delivered before the Southwestern Conference on Tuberculosis in Waco, 1912.
13 Congenital Malformations of the Rectum and Anus. Paper read before the State Medical Association of Texas.
14 Fractures at the Lower End of the Femur.
15 Treatment of Impassable Urethral Stricture. Read before the State Medical Association of Texas.
16 Rupture of Uterus. Report of a case read before the West Texas Medical Association, July, 1901.



 

Series 6. Miscellaneous Notes and Writings

Box-Folder Item
MS 8*1-6 1 Malta Fever.
2 Intestinal Obstruction.
3 Our Charities.
4 Handwritten notes on various cases.



 

Series 7. Addresses

Box-Folder Item
MS 8*1-7 1 Section on State Medicine and Public Hygiene. Chairman’s address. Read before the Texas State Medical Association. April, 1903.
2 Presidential address delivered before the State Medical Association of Texas, April 27, 1904.
3 The Tuberculosis Problem in the State of Texas, read before the Section on State Medicine and Public Hygiene, State Medical Association of Texas, April 25, 1906.
4 Address delivered before the Texas Surgical Society, April 5, 1920.