Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Sources:

Description of Series

Series I. Works, 1929-1954

Series II. Letters, 1931-1971

Series III. Recipient, 1920-1970

Series IV. Other Papers, 1929-1967

University of Texas, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

Georges Hugnet:

An Inventory of His Papers in the Carlton Lake Collection at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center



Creator: Hugnet, Georges, 1906-1974
Title: Georges Hugnet Papers
Dates: 1920-1971
Abstract: Composed largely of letters received from prominent French artists of the 20th century, the papers of French poet and critic Georges Hugnet document his career and personal life. One notable work contained in these papers is a manuscript of Non vouloir, one of the earliest French Resistance publications.
RLIN Record #: TXRC06-A17
Extent: 18.5 boxes (7.77 linear feet).
Languages Material written in French and English.
Note: We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, which provided funds for the processing and cataloging of this collection.
Repository: Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Georges Hugnet, French poet and critic, was born in Paris in 1906. He spent most of his early childhood in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and in 1913 returned to Paris to attend boarding school at Saint-Louis-de-Gonazgue. He later attended collège at Janson-de-Sailly in Saint-Malo, the childhood home of his mother and favorite vacation spot during his youth. Youthful exuberance and a penchant for pranks often caused trouble for young Georges, including an incident when he is said to have played Le Pélican, a fox-trot, during one of the religious services at his collège in Saint-Malo. Hugnet’s early rebelliousness eventually developed into a combative, stubborn nature causing quarrels with publishers, other artists, poets, friends, and family throughout his life.

Hugnet was a man of many talents and dabbled in a variety of artistic pursuits including poetry, editing, publishing, translating, film and play writing, acting, rare book collecting, and book binding design until his death in 1974.

Influential friends and mentors played an important role in Hugnet’s career. In 1920, he developed a friendship with his downstairs neighbor Marcel Jouhandeau. Jouhandeau influenced the young poet Hugnet and introduced Hugnet to his hero Max Jacob. During this time, Hugnet was also befriended by a number of other influential artists of the early 20th century, namely Joan Miró, Marcel Duchamp, Pablo Picasso, Tristan Tzara, Man Ray, and Jean Cocteau. With financial backing from his father, a furniture manufacturer, Hugnet established the publishing company Les Editions de la Montagne with the intent of publishing his own works and the work of his close friends including Tristan Tzara, Pierre de Massot, and Gertrude Stein.

It was Virgil Thomson who introduced Gertrude Stein and Hugnet in 1926. Stein and Hugnet’s short-lived, intense relationship, lasting until 1930, ended in a quarrel over the title page of Enfances, a collaborative project between the two authors. Hugnet originally wrote the poems of Enfances in French and Stein intended to translate the poems into English. The partnership failed when Stein’s translations became reflections and she demanded equal billing on the title page. Hugnet refused and the partnership, as well as the friendship, ended. In 1931, Stein published Before the Flowers of Friendship Faded Friendship Faded, her response to Hugnet’s then unpublished Enfances.

In the 1930s Hugnet became involved with the Surrealist movement. André Breton, the self-declared "Pope" of the Surrealist movement, became interested in Hugnet after reading an article titled "Spirit of Dada in Painting" that Hugnet had written. When a mutual friend of both men, Tristan Tzara, introduced them, Hugnet became one of the Surrealists. He continued contributing to the Surrealist movement until 1939 when Breton "excommunicated" Hugnet for his failure to cease his friendship with former surrealist Paul Éluard.

The 1940s brought much change to Hugnet’s life. Germany occupied France early in the decade prompting Hugnet to join the French Resistance. He put his intellectual efforts towards the Resistance and published Non vouloir, one of the first Resistance pieces published in France. In 1940, Hugnet also married his first wife Germaine Pied; their marriage would last for ten years.

In 1950, Hugnet married Myrtille Hubert, a young woman of seventeen. The following year, Hugnet and Myrtille’s first and only son Nicolas Hugnet was born.

Until his death in 1974, Hugnet continued to publish a few new works and republish new editions of his former works. But mostly he concentrated on trading and collecting rare books and manuscripts from his friends in the French literary world.

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Scope and Contents

Handwritten and typed manuscripts, correspondence, printed material, photos, collages, and artwork document Georges Hugnet’s life and work from 1920-1971. The papers are organized into four series: I. Works, 1929-1954 (0.5 boxes), II. Letters, 1931-1971 (1 box), III. Recipient, 1920-1970 (15 boxes), and IV. Other Papers, 1929-1967 (2 boxes).

The Works series is composed of original works by Georges Hugnet. Included in this series is the handwritten manuscript for Non vouloir.

Letters written by Hugnet in Series II. are dominated by those to Germaine (Pied) Hugnet, his first wife.

The Recipient series, forming the bulk of the papers, includes letters from Paul Éluard, Marcelle Ferry, Valentine Hugo, Man Ray, Virgil Thomson, and Alice B. Toklas, and richly demonstrates the friendships and business acquaintances of George Hugnet.

The final series, Other Papers, contains artwork, building plans, personal documents, printed materials, and documents written by other individuals, either as works or correspondence.

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research

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Index Terms

Correspondents
Eluard, Paul, 1895-1952.
Ferry, Marcelle.
Hugo, Valentine,1887-1968.
Man Ray,1890-1976.
Picabia, Francis, 1879-1953.
Queneau, Raymond, 1903-1976.
Toklas, Alice B.
Thomson, Virgil, 1896- .
Tzara, Tristan,1896-1963.
Subjects
French poetry.
Surrealism--France.
World War, 1939-1945--Underground literature--France.
Document Types
Photographs.
Collages.

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Related Material

Other Georges Hugnet materials are available at the Ransom Center. Letters between Georges Hugnet and Gertrude Stein are found in the Gertrude Stein segment of the Carlton Lake Collection as well as proofs for Stein and Hugnet's attempted collaboration Enfances. Valentine Hugo’s papers, also in the Carlton Lake Collection, contain correspondence between Hugnet and Hugo. The Photography Collection has an exhibition guide from the Galerie Zabriskie titled "Georges Hugnet, artist, poet, critic: an exhibition of surrealist collages including original works". An audio recording of Hugnet reading Tout beau mon coeur was transferred to the Sound Recordings Collection. Additionally, multiple books were transferred from the Georges Hugnet Papers to the Ransom Center Library. Most of the transferred books contain autographed inscriptions for Georges or Germaine Hugnet.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition

Purchases and gifts of Carlton Lake 1973, 1974, 1985, 1987, 2002 (R6840, R6841, G2284, R11331, G12083)

Processed by

Monique Daviau, Richard Workman, and Catherine Stollar, 2004

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Sources:

Lake, Carlton. Confessions of a Literary Archaeologist. New York: New Directions, 1990.

Mellow, James R. Charmed Circle: Gertrude Stein and Company. New York: Praeger, 1974.

Phillips, J. Georges Hugnet, 1906-1974: "le pantalon de la fauvette" du Dictionnaire abrégé du Surrélisme: étude et choix de texts. Paris: Letters Modernes. 1991.

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Georges Hugnet Papers--Folder List

 

Series I. Works, 1929-1954

Box-Folder
94.4 A-Z
Ici la voix (1954)
Box-Folder
94.5 Page proofs
Galley
g4 Galley proofs
Box-Folder
94.6 Jean Arp
handwritten manuscript with autograph revisions
Box-Folder
94.7 Oiseaux ne copiez personne (1946),
handwritten and typed manuscripts and drafts with corrections
Box-Folder
94.8-9 Tout beau mon coeur (1952),
handwritten and typed manuscripts, carbon copies, corrected page proofs, and printed books

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Series II. Letters, 1931-1971

Box-Folder
94.10 H-R
Hugnet, Germaine
Box-Folder
95.1 1936-1940
Box-Folder
95.2 1941-1949
Box-Folder
95.3 1950-1954
Box-Folder
95.4 1955-1956
Box-Folder
95.5 1957-1958
Box-Folder
95.6 1959
Box-Folder
95.7 1960
Box-Folder
95.8 1961
Box-Folder
95.9 1962
Box-Folder
95.10 1963-1971
Box-Folder
95.11 Lévesque, Jacques Henry, 1931-1933, nd

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Series III. Recipient, 1920-1970

Box-Folder
96.1 A-Allan, Blaise
Box-Folder
96.2 Alq-Ana
Box-Folder
96.3 Anc-Au
Box-Folder
96.4 Ba-Bas
Box-Folder
96.5 Bea-Béri
Box-Folder
96.6 Berman, Eugene, 1928-1932
Box-Folder
96.7 Berman, Leonide, 1920-1946
Box-Folder
97.1 Bern-Bonn
Box-Folder
97.2 Bor-Boss
Bou-Bre
Box-Folder
97.4 Briant, Théophile, 1942-1952
Box-Folder
97.5 Brielle, Roger, 1942-1946
Box-Folder
97.6 Brig-Can
Box-Folder
97.7 Card-Cat
Box-Folder
97.8 Cauvin, André, 1929-1934
Box-Folder
98.1 Cer-Cha
Charnay, Pierre
Box-Folder
98.2 1929-1932
Box-Folder
98.3 1933-1936
Box-Folder
98.4 Cin-Cla
Cliquet-Pleyel, Henri,
Box-Folder
98.5 1928-1930
Box-Folder
98.6 1933-1952
Box-Folder
99.1 Coc-Cour
Box-Folder
99.2 Cowles, Frances, 1933-1934
Box-Folder
99.3 Crei-Dec
Box-Folder
99.4 Deharme, Lise, 1941-1952
Box-Folder
99.5 Del-Dur
Box-Folder
99.6 Ele-Fan
Box-Folder
99.7 Faÿ-Fer
Ferry, Marcelle
Box-Folder
100.1 1929-1930 Sept. 10
Box-Folder
100.2 1930 Sept. 14-1931
Box-Folder
100.3 1932-1933
Box-Folder
100.4 1934-1936
Box-Folder
100.5 1937-1946, nd.
Box-Folder
101.1 Fini, Leonor, 1940-1952
Box-Folder
101.2 Flo-Fra
Box-Folder
101.3 Gab-Gill
Box-Folder
101.4 Gilson, Paul, 1955-1961
Box-Folder
101.5 Gio-Gre
Box-Folder
101.6 Gro - Guy-David
Box-Folder
101.7 Halicka, Alice, 1930-1942
Box-Folder
101.8 Har-Her
Box-Folder
102.1 Hugo, Valentine, 1942-1964
Box-Folder
102.2 Hur-Ire
Box-Folder
102.3 Imbs, Bravig, 1928-1933
Box-Folder
102.4 It-Jau
Box-Folder
102.5 Jean, Marcel, 1933-1934
Box-Folder
102.6 Johns, Richard, 1930-1931
Box-Folder
102.7 Jol-Koc
Box-Folder
102.8 Koenig, Théodore, 1954-1964
Box-Folder
103.1 Kos-Lan
Box-Folder
103.2 Lanöe, Julien, 1926-1964
Box-Folder
103.3 Lap-Las
Box-Folder
103.4 Laski, Philip, 1961-1965
Box-Folder
103.5 Le-Lem
Lépine, Émile
Box-Folder
103.6 1930-1931
Box-Folder
103.7 1932
Box-Folder
104.1 Les-Lev
Box-Folder
104.2 Lév-Mag
Box-Folder
104.3 Lévesque, Jacques Henry, 1928-1936
Box-Folder
104.4 Magnelli, Alberto, 1940-1964
Box-Folder
104.5 Mal-Mam
Box-Folder
104.6 Mangan, Sherry, 1927-1960
Box-Folder
105.1 Marg-Mart
Box-Folder
105.2 Martineau, René, 1931-1938
Box-Folder
105.3 Mas-May
Box-Folder
105.4 Mej-Mol
Box-Folder
105.5 Mon-Mus
Box-Folder
105.6 Nad-Nev
Box-Folder
105.7 Néjad, 1954-1962
Box-Folder
105.8 Niv-Noë
Box-Folder
106.1 O-Par
Box-Folder
106.2 Pas-Pau
Box-Folder
106.3 Péclard, Vladimir, 1926-1954
Box-Folder
106.4 Péj-Por
Box-Folder
106.5 Pou-Que
Box-Folder
106.6 Rad-Rip
Box-Folder
106.7 Rob-Roy
Box-Folder
107.1 S-San
Box-Folder
107.2 Sau-Sch
Box-Folder
107.3 Seg-Sel
Box-Folder
107.4 Sig-Sma
Box-Folder
107.5 Sob-Spe
Box-Folder
107.6 Ste-Sur
Box-Folder
108.1 Tar-Tex
Box-Folder
108.2 Tamburi, Orfeo, 1961-1964
Box-Folder
108.3 Thirion, André, 1935-1963
Thomson, Virgil
Box-Folder
108.4 1927-1928
Box-Folder
108.5 1929
Box-Folder
108.6 1930-1931
Box-Folder
108.7 1932-1934
Box-Folder
108.8 1935-1965
Box-Folder
109.1 Tol-Uba
Box-Folder
109.2 Tonny, Kristians, 1928-1937
Box-Folder
109.3 Ursel, Henri d’, 1928-1933
Box-Folder
109.4 Vai-Vro
Box-Folder
109.5 Valançay, Robert, 1935-1942
Box-Folder
109.6 Wak-Z
Box-Folder
110.1-3 Unidentified

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Series IV. Other Papers, 1929-1967

Box-Folder
110.4 Artwork
Box-Folder
110.5 Personal documents
Printed material
Box-Folder
110.6 Building plans
Box-Folder
110.7 Clippings, posters, and tracts
Box-Folder
110.8 Form letters
Box-Folder
110.9 Invitations
Box-Folder
110.10 Visiting cards
Third-Party
Box-Folder
110.11 Correspondence
Works
Box-Folder
111.1 A-C
Box-Folder
111.2 D-F
Box-Folder
111.3 G-K
Box-Folder
111.4 Jacobs, Max
Box-Folder
111.5 L-M
Box-Folder
111.6 Main à plume (firm)
Box-Folder
111.7 P-R
Box-Folder
111.8 Patin, Marc
Box-Folder
111.9 S
Box-Folder
111.10 Spender, Stephen
Box-Folder
111.11 "Sagesse", Les Feuillets de
Box-Folder
111.12 T-V
Box-Folder
111.13 Various authors, L’Usage de la parole

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