Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

For further information about the life and work of Adrienne Kennedy, see

Description of Series

Series I. Works, ca. 1954-1992 (6.5 boxes)

Series II. Career Papers, ca. 1963-1992 (2.5 boxes, 4 oversize folders)

Series I. Works, ca. 1954-1992

Series II. Career Papers, ca. 1963-1992

Index

University of Texas, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

Adrienne Kennedy:

An Inventory of Her Papers at the Harry Ransom Center



Descriptive Summary

Creator Kennedy, Adrienne, 1931-
Title Adrienne Kennedy Papers
Dates: ca. 1954-1992
Abstract The papers document Kennedy's evolution from an aspiring writer to a successful playwright, and include manuscripts for plays, short stories, memoirs, and novels, though film and television projects are also present. The papers also contain correspondence, manuscripts and publications about Kennedy, production materials from her plays, and sound and video recordings.
RLIN Record # TXRC94-A15
Extent 9 boxes, 4 oversize folders (3.75 linear feet)
Language English.
Repository Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Playwright and educator Adrienne Kennedy, the daughter of Cornell Wallace Hawkins and Etta Haugabook Hawkins, was born on September 13, 1931, in Pittsburgh, PA. Kennedy grew up in Cleveland, OH, where her parents moved four years after her birth. She received her B.A. from Ohio State University in 1952, and married Joseph C. Kennedy on May 15, 1953, with whom she had two sons, Joseph Jr. and Adam. After moving to New York, Kennedy studied creative writing at Columbia University (1954-1956), American Theatre Wing (1958), and later with Edward Albee at Circle-in-the-Square School (1962). She has also taught creative writing at Yale University, Princeton University, the University of California at Berkeley, and the University of California at Davis.

Kennedy is an African-American dramatist whose early works utilize a surrealist perspective. Though she has mentioned Tennessee Williams and Federico García Lorca as two of her favorite playwrights, at least one critic has noted a kinship with Jean Cocteau in certain of her works. Her richly symbolic plays deal with racial, sexual, and religious themes, and are often "disarmingly autobiographical." Kennedy calls her plays "states of mind," written while images "fiercely pound in (her) head." Frequently the characters and images that appear in her plays are drawn from the mythical and historical past, or from her own memories and dreams. The landscape of her plays has been peopled by figures as unlikely as Queen Victoria, Leonardo da Vinci, Jesus Christ, Shakespeare, Chaucer, Galileo, Beethoven, Charlie Chaplin, Bette Davis, Shelley Winters, and even rats (in A Rat's Mass, inspired by a particularly vivid dream). Powerful African and African-American figures in her work include Patrice Lumumba, Malcolm X, and sniper James Essex.

Kennedy's best known play, Funnyhouse of a Negro, was begun in 1961 while traveling in Africa, and was the first of her plays to be produced. It opened off-Broadway in 1964 with great success and won an Obie Award. During the next several years, Kennedy was the recipient of numerous fellowships and grants (Guggenheim, Rockefeller, National Endowment for the Arts, etc.), writing a number of plays, most of which were professionally produced in major theaters in the United States and Europe. Among her plays are The Owl Answers (1963), A Rat's Mass (1966), The Lennon Play: in His Own Write (1967), Lesson in a Dead Language (1968), A Beast's Story (1969), An Evening with Dead Essex (1973), and A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White (1976). Her more recent plays include She Talks to Beethoven (1989) and Ohio State Murders (1990). She has also written children's plays ( Black Children's Day and A Lancashire Lad, both 1980), a novella ( Deadly Triplets, 1990), and a memoir ( People Who Led to My Plays, 1987).

Two collections of her plays, Adrienne Kennedy in One Act (1988) and The Alexander Plays (1992), have been published.

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Scope and Contents

The papers of Adrienne Kennedy, ca. 1954-1992, document her evolution from an aspiring writer to a successful playwright. The collection has been arranged into two series, Works, ca. 1954-1992 (6.5 boxes) and Career Papers, ca. 1963-1992 (2.5 boxes). The dominant Works series consists of Kennedy's manuscripts for plays, short stories, memoirs, and novels, though film and television projects are also present. The Career Papers contribute to further knowledge of and understanding of Kennedy and her work through award certificates, biographical data, contracts, correspondence, manuscripts and publications about Adrienne Kennedy, production materials from her plays, publicity, reviews, royalty statements, and sound and video recordings.

All of Kennedy's plays are represented in this collection, from her Obie Award winning Funnyhouse of a Negro (1964) to her most recent production, Ohio State Murders (1992). Additionally, manuscripts for several unproduced or incomplete plays are present: "Letters,""Starring Galileo,""Film Festival,""Manhattan Mystery Comedy," and an untitled play about George Jackson. Manuscripts dating from Kennedy's beginnings as a writer in the 1950s include the plays The "Pale Blue Flowers,""The Tiger and the Tomboy," and "The Virgin Maggie." There are also several short story and novel manuscripts from this early period, plus two short stories from the 1960s. Other writings in the collection include the memoir People Who Led to My Plays and film treatments and screenplays (one of which is about Robert Johnson), as well as television ideas and proposals. The works exist as notebooks, holograph and typed notes, outlines, proposals, and drafts of manuscripts, playscripts, a film treatment, and screenplays, as well as galleys, page proofs, and photocopies of publications.

The correspondence, 1963-1992, generally concerns Kennedy's career as a playwright, writer, and educator, though some correspondence is of a more personal nature. Significant correspondents include Edward Albee, Imamu Amiri Baraka, Gwendolyn Brooks, Ed Bullins, Joseph Chaikin, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Gerald Freedman, Nikki Giovanni, Elizabeth Hardwick, James Earl Jones, Michael Kahn, Elia Kazan, Galt MacDermot, Theodore Mann, William Marshall, Mike Nichols, Joseph Papp, Harold Pinter, Ishmael Reed, Jerome Robbins, John Selby, Victor Spinetti, Fay Weldon, Edgar White, Audrey Wood, and others.

Documentation of various productions of Ms. Kennedy's plays, 1963-1992, is also present in the form of brochures, cast lists, clippings, contact lists, drawings, flyers, musical scores, photographs, posters, programs, publicity, rehearsal schedules, reviews, scripts, sound and video recordings, tickets, etc.

Beyond the study of Adrienne Kennedy, her work, and the production of her plays, the papers provide insight into broader topics such as African-American writers, 20th century drama, surrealism, racial identity and conflict, autobiography, and cultural influences on literary works.

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research

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Index terms

Correspondents
Albee, Edward, 1928- .
Baraka, Imanu Amiri, 1934- .
Brooks, Gwendolyn, 1917- .
Bullins, Ed.
Chaikin, Joseph, 1935- .
Davis, Ossie.
Dee, Ruby.
Freedman, Gerald.
Giovanni, Nikki.
Hardwick, Elizabeth.
Jones, James Earl.
Kahn, Michael.
Kazan, Elia.
MacDermot, Galt.
Mann, Theodore.
Marshall, William, 1924- .
Nichols, Mike.
Papp, Joseph.
Pinter, Harold, 1930- .
Reed, Ishmael, 1938- .
Robbins, Jerome.
Selby, John.
Spinetti, Victor.
Taylor, Cecil, 1933- .
Weldon, Fay.
White, Edgar, 1947- .
Wood, Audrey, 1905- .
Subjects
African American authors.
African American women--Drama.
African Americans--Race identity.
American drama--20th century.
American drama--Afro-American authors.
American drama--Women authors.
Autobiography--Afro-American authors.
Dramatists, American--20th century.
Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.).
Jackson, George, 1941-1971.
Johnson, Robert, d. 1938- .
Race relations.
Surrealism.
Women--drama.
Document Types
First drafts.
Galley proofs.
Photographs.
Scores.
Screenplays.
Scripts.
Sound recordings.
Video recordings.

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Related Material

For other collections at the HRC which contain Kennedy materials, see the Gerard Malanga Collection, which includes 22 letters from Kennedy to Malanga, 1962-1965, and a typescript draft of Funnyhouse of a Negro.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition

Purchase (R12641), 1992

Processed by

Joan Sibley, 1994

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For further information about the life and work of Adrienne Kennedy, see

Bryant-Jackson, Paul K. and Lois More Overbeck. Intersecting Boundaries: The Theatre of Adrienne Kennedy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992.

Kennedy, Adrienne. People Who Led to My Plays. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1987.

Wilkerson, Margaret B. "Adrienne Kennedy", in The Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 38: Afro-American Writers after 1955. Detroit: Gale, 1985.

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Series Descriptions

 

Series I. Works, ca. 1954-1992 (6.5 boxes)

Manuscripts of works by Adrienne Kennedy date from her earliest experiments with writing in the early 1950s to her most recent publications of the 1990s. These manuscripts consist predominately of plays, though short stories, novels, a novella, memoirs, film treatments and screenplays, and ideas and proposals for television are also present. Materials include holograph notebooks, holograph and typed notes, outlines, proposals, and drafts of manuscripts, playscripts, a film treatment, and screenplays, as well as galleys, page proofs, and occasional photocopies of items which appeared in various journals.
Among the earliest (and as yet unpublished) items in the collection are manuscripts for a play, "The Pale Blue Flowers," and notes and/or drafts for two untitled novels. The "Virgin Maggie," another early work, exists in both novel and play versions. Other early manuscripts include the novel "Ben Halfin," several short stories, a play "The Tiger and the Tomboy," and a writing exercise listing words from a favorite childhood story, "Blondine."
All of Kennedy's major works to date are represented in the collection: Funnyhouse of a Negro (including a screenplay version), The Owl Answers, A Rat's Mass, The Lennon Play: In His Own Write, Lesson in a Dead Language, Sun, A Beast's Story, Boats, An Evening with Dead Essex, A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White, A Lancashire Lad, Black Children's Day, Diary of Lights, People Who Led to My Plays, She Talks to Beethoven, Deadly Triplets, Ohio State Murders, The Film Club, The Dramatic Circle. Several as yet unproduced or incomplete plays are also included, among them "Letters,""Starring Galileo,""Film Festival,""Manhattan Mystery Comedy," and an untitled play about Soledad prisoner George Jackson. Other works represented are short stories ( "Milena's Wedding" and "Stones"), the memoir People Who Led to My Plays (including what appear to be earlier versions of this work), film treatments and screenplays (one of which is about blues musician Robert Johnson), as well as television ideas and proposals ( "Adventures of M. Kaiser V" and "Because of the King of France").
The manuscripts, frequently a mix of holograph and typed pages, are often heavily revised. Some, such as the manuscripts for An Evening with Dead Essex and the play about George Jackson, also include extensive paste-up clippings as part of the text.
The manuscripts are arranged alphabetically by title, with untitled manuscripts located at the end of the series. For each title, identifying information has been supplied in brackets to indicate the genre and date of first production (if a play) or publication. Terms and dates used to describe the individual manuscripts have been derived from Ms. Kennedy's own descriptions, variously supplied in a hand list which came with the collection, on manila envelopes which contained the manuscripts, or on the manuscripts themselves.

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Series II. Career Papers, ca. 1963-1992 (2.5 boxes, 4 oversize folders)

The remainder of the papers in this collection include award certificates, biographical data, contracts, correspondence, manuscripts and publications about Adrienne Kennedy, production materials from her plays, publicity, reviews, royalty statements, and sound and video recordings, dating from about 1963 through 1992. Most of the materials in this series were found in largely unorganized folders marked "Clippings,""Correspondence,""Letters,""Miscellaneous," or "Publicity." They have been arranged into the following subseries: Awards & Honors, 1963-1990; Biographical Information, nd; Contracts, 1963-1991; Correspondence, 1963-1992; Financial Information, 1969-1992; Lectures, Readings & Workshops, 1977-1990; Production Materials, 1963-1992; Publications, 1968-1992; Writers' Organizations, 1963-1976; and Writings about Adrienne Kennedy, 1966-1992. Only one folder of material represents each of these categories, with the exception of the following described subseries.
The Correspondence subseries is contained in six folders and has been arranged alphabetically by author. Significant correspondents include Edward Albee, Imamu Amiri Baraka, Gwendolyn Brooks, Ed Bullins, Joseph Chaikin, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Gerald Freedman, Nikki Giovanni, Elizabeth Hardwick, James Earl Jones, Michael Kahn, Elia Kazan, Galt MacDermot, Theodore Mann, William Marshall, Mike Nichols, Joseph Papp, Harold Pinter, Ishmael Reed, Jerome Robbins, John Selby, Victor Spinetti, Fay Weldon, Edgar White, Audrey Wood, and others. Much of the correspondence concerns various productions of Kennedy's plays or publication of her work, though some letters are more personal in nature. An index of all correspondents appears at the end of this inventory.
The Production Materials, occupying one box, consist of all materials other than manuscripts or correspondence that concern various productions of Ms. Kennedy's plays. Included are such items as brochures, cast lists, clippings, contact lists, drawings, flyers, musical scores, photographs, posters, programs, publicity, rehearsal schedules, reviews, scripts, sound and video recordings, tickets, etc. These are organized alphabetically by the name of the play. For each play, the materials have been arranged chronologically insofar as possible. Funnyhouse of a Negro is the most fully documented play in this subseries, with several productions from 1963 to 1986 represented. The only play for which audio and sound recordings exist in this collection is The Owl Answers, as directed by Rhonda Ross in 1991. The materials for A Rat's Mass also include a music score by Cecil Taylor for a 1976 production. Only two plays are represented by production photographs, Funnyhouse of a Negro and Sun.
The six folders of the Publications subseries are organized alphabetically by the title of the published work and contain book catalogs, book jackets, publicity, reviews, photocopies of title pages, etc., for several of Ms. Kennedy's works. The recent autobiographical People Who Led to My Plays is the most fully documented publication in this subseries.
Writings about Adrienne Kennedy, 1966-1992, includes manuscripts and photocopies of published articles, interviews, papers, and one thesis concerning Kennedy and her work. These works are arranged alphabetically by author in eleven folders.

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Adrienne Kennedy Papers--Folder List

 

Series I. Works, ca. 1954-1992

box folder
1 1 Adrienne Kennedy in One Act [collection of plays including Funnyhouse of a Negro, The Owl Answers, The Owl Answers, A Lesson in a Dead Language, A Rat's Mass, Sun, A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White, Electra, and Orestes 1988]. Page proofs, 1988
2 Adventures of M. Kaiser V [television proposal, 1972]. Typed proposal, nd
3 The Alexander Plays [collection of plays The Film Club, The Ohio State Murders, and She Talks to Beethoven, 1992]. Galleys, nd
A Beast's Story [play, 1969]
box folder
1 4 Holograph and typed 1st draft, nd
5 New York Shakespeare Festival script, [1969]
6 Because of the King of France [television idea, nd]. Typed outline, nd
7 Ben Halfin [novel, 1956]. Typed draft, incomplete, nd
8 Black Children's Day [play, 1980]. Reproduced script, 1988
9 [Blondine] [writing exercise, 1955]. Holograph list of words from fairy tale "Blondine" and notes for a story, 1955
10 Boats [play, 1969]. 1st completed holograph draft, nd
Cities in Bezique. See A Beast's Story and The Owl Answers
Deadly Triplets [novella Deadly Triplets and journal "Theater Journal," 1990]
box folder
1 11 Original holograph and typed draft, 1985-87
12-13 1st typed copy, 1985-89
box folder
2 1 Partial holograph and typed draft, 1985
Galleys, 1989
box folder
2 2 "Theater Journal" and Introduction to Deadly Triplets, 1989
3 Deadly Triplets, 1991
Diary of Lights [musical play, 1987]
box folder
2 4 Holograph and typed notes, 1974
5 Typed draft, nd
The Dramatic Circle [radio play, 1991]
box folder
2 6 Holograph and typed notes, 1991
7 Setting copy, nd
An Evening with Dead Essex [play, 1973]
box folder
2 8-9 Holograph and typed notes, 1973
10 1st complete holograph draft, nd
11 1st typed draft with paste-up clippings, nd
12 Working script, nd
13 Photocopy from Yale Review, 1970s
The Film Club [monologue, 1990]
box folder
2 14 Holograph and typed draft, 1990
Galleys--See The Alexander Plays
box folder
2 15 Film Festival [musical, 1984]. Typed draft of book for an unproduced musical, 1984
16 Freddy Silver [screenplay, 1970]. Holograph draft, nd
Funnyhouse of a Negro [play, 1962]
box folder
2 17 Holograph and typed draft of story that led to Funnyhouse of a Negro, nd
18 Holograph and typed notes and 1st draft, 1961
19 Photocopy of Danish translation En negers komediehus from Vindrosen, 1965
box folder
3 1-2 Screenplay, 1970. Holograph and typed drafts, nd
3 A Lancashire Lad [play, 1980]. Photocopy of typed draft, 1979-80
The Lennon Play: In His Own Write [play, 1967]
box folder
3 4 Holograph and typed draft, 1966
5 Holograph and typed 1st draft, 1966
Lesson in a Dead Language [play, 1968]
box folder
3 6 Holograph and typed notes that led to Lesson in a Dead Language, 1964
7 Holograph 1st draft, 1964
8-9 Letters [play, 1969]. Holograph drafts, 1969
10 Manhattan Mystery Comedy ["cartoon" play, nd]. Holograph draft, nd
11 Milena's Wedding [short story, 1960]. Photocopy of typed draft, nd
A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White [play, 1976]
box folder
3 12 Holograph and typed notes, 1976
13 Holograph and typed notes and rough draft, nd
14 Holograph and typed draft, nd
15 New York Shakespeare Festival reproduced script, [1976]
16 Photocopy of text as published in Wordplays 3, [1984]
17 My Poems and Stories [7 short stories including "Chapter,""Terribly in Love,""A Soul's First Love, Balon,""Lydia's Beloved," and 3 untitled stories, plus 1 play, "The Tiger and the Tomboy,"1950s; "Chapter" may be part of work The Virgin Maggie]. Typed drafts, 1950s
Ohio State Murders [play, 1990]
box folder
3 18 Holograph and typed notes, 1990
19 Holograph and typed original draft, 1990
Galleys--See The Alexander Plays
The Owl Answers [play, 1963]
box folder
4 1 Holograph draft of story that led to The Owl Answers, 1960
2 Holograph and typed draft of part of a story that became The Owl Answers, 1960
3 Holograph and typed notes to 1st draft, 1962
4 New York Shakespeare Festival reproduced script, [1969]
The Pale Blue Flowers [play, 1954-55]
box folder
4 5-6 Holograph notebooks, 1954
7 Holograph and typed early notes and drafts, 1954-55
8 Typed 1st completed draft, 1954-55
People Who Led to My Plays [memoir, 1987; see also Sketches, which may be an early version].
box folder
4 9-11 Holograph notes, 1985
box folder
5 1-3 Photocopy of typed draft, 1985-86
4-5 Incomplete Knopf proof, 1986
6 Proofs, 1987
7 Working script, 1988
A Rat's Mass [play, 1966]
box folder
6 1 Holograph and typed notes, 1st and 2nd drafts, 1963
2 Holograph and typed notes and part of 1st draft, 1963
3 Reproduced working script, nd
Robert Johnson [film treatment, 1983]
box folder
6 4 Photocopy of typed film treatment, incomplete, nd
5 Photocopy of typed film treatment, 1983
She Talks to Beethoven [play, 1989]
box folder
6 6 1st typed draft, 1987
7 Holograph partial draft, 1989
Galleys--See The Alexander Plays
box folder
6 8 Sketches-People in Theatre [memoir, 1981; see also People Who Led to My Plays]. Typed draft, 1981
9 "Sketches: People I Have Met in the Theater" [memoir, 1986; see also People Who Led to My Plays]. Photocopy of text from unidentified publication [ "from Al Young, Ishmael Reed's Quilt, 1986"]
Starring Galileo [libretto for a musical cartoon, 1971-72]
box folder
6 10 Holograph notebook, 1971-72
11 Holograph draft, nd
12 Holograph and typed 1st and 2nd drafts, 1971-72
13 Stones [story, 1965]. Holograph draft, 1965
Sun: A Poem for Malcolm X Inspired by His Murder [play, 1968]
box folder
6 14 Holograph and typed notes and 1st draft, 1969
15 Photocopy as published in Scripts 1, [1971]
The Virgin Maggie [novel, 1955-57; play 1957]
box folder
6 16 Holograph notes for novel, 1955
17 Holograph and typed notes and draft, 1955
18 Holograph and typed notes and draft, 1956
19-21 Holograph and typed draft, incomplete, 1955-57
Typed draft--See My Early Poems and Stories ( "Chapter")
box folder
7 1 Typed playscript, incomplete, 1957
Untitled Works, 1954-72
box folder
7 2 Typed draft of novel about New York, 1954-55
3 Typed draft of novel about New York, 1957
4 Typed outline for novel about Cleveland, 1956-57
5 Holograph notes for novel about Cleveland, nd
6 Holograph and typed notes with clippings for a play about George Jackson, 1972

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Series II. Career Papers, ca. 1963-1992

box folder
7 7 Awards & Honors, 1963-90, nd, certificates and clippings
8 Biographical Information, nd
9 Contracts, 1963-91
Correspondence, 1963-92
box folder
7 10 A-C
11 D-K
12 M-R
13 S-W
14 Unidentified
15 Invitations, 1964-74, nd
Financial Information, 1969-92
box folder
7 16 Royalty statements
Lectures, Readings, & Workshops, 1977-90
box folder
7 17 Clippings and publicity
18 Videotape of AK live at Brown University, Oct. 1, 1987
Production Materials, 1963-92
box folder
8 1 A Beast's Story, nd
2 Black Children's Day, 1980-88
3 Cities in Bezique [A Beast's Story, The Owl Answers], 1968-69
4 Diary of Lights, 1987, nd
5 The Dramatic Circle, 1991
6 Electra and Orestes, 1981
7 An Evening with Dead Essex, 1973-74
8 Funnyhouse of a Negro, 1963-86, nd
9 A Lancashire Lad, 1980
10 The Lennon Play: In His Own Write, 1967-89
11 Lesson in a Dead Language, 1971
12 A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White, 1976-85
13 Ohio State Murders, 1990-92
14 The Owl Answers, 1963-91
15 Audio cassette, 1991, directed by Rhonda Ross
16 Videotape, 1991, directed by Rhonda Ross
17 A Rat's Mass, 1966-76
18 She Talks to Beethoven, 1989-91
19 Solo Voyages [excerpts from The Owl Answers, A Rat's Mass, A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White], 1985
20 Sun: A Poem for Malcolm X Inspired by His Murder, nd
Publications, 1968-92
box folder
9 1 Adrienne Kennedy in One Act, 1988-91
2 The Alexander Plays, 1992
3 Deadly Triplets, 1990
4 The Lennon Play: In His Own Write, 1968
5 People Who Led To My Plays, 1987-92
6 Miscellaneous, nd
7 Writers' Organizations, 1963-76
Writings about AK, 1966-92, nd
box folder
9 8 Blanchard, Ruth Lucyle. [excerpt of paper about "Ohio State Murders"] 1992
9 Diamond, Elin. "An Interview with Adrienne Kennedy," 1989
10 Friedman, Paula. "The Colonizing Power of Symbols: Adrienne Kennedy's Plays,"nd
11 Jackson, Paul K. & Lois More Overbeck. [ "Adrienne Kennedy: An Interview"], 1990
12 Lasker, David. "Adrienne Kennedy's Funnyhouse of a Negro: The Dream-Play as Form," 1974
13 Lehman, Lisa. A Growth of Images, 1977
14 Ogunbiyi, Yemi. [Interview with Adrienne Kennedy], 1975
15 Shafzin, Nick. "In Her Own Words: Award-winning Playwright Adrienne Kennedy," 1988
16 Sollors, Werner. "Owls, Rats, and Other Beasts in the American Funnyhouse: Adrienne Kennedy's Autobiography and Drama," 1990.
17 Thomas, Cathy. "The Daughter and Her Journey of Self-Definition in the Familial Plays of Adrienne Kennedy," honors thesis, 1985
18 Miscellaneous, 1966-70, nd

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 Adrienne Kennedy Papers--Index of Correspondents 

  • Alder, Kurt Herbert (San Francisco Opera)--7.10
  • Agena, Kathleen (Creative Artists Public Service Program)--7.10
  • Albee, Edward, 1928- --7.9 (Pisces Productions); 7.10 (Theater 1964)
  • Ardery, Ben B., Jr.--7.10
  • Arkin, Alan--7.10
  • Ash, Alan--7.10
  • Atkinson, Clinton (Lucille Lortel)--7.10
  • Atlee, Howard (Howard Atlee Associates)--7.10
  • Axelrod, Elliot (William Morris Agency)--7.10
  • Babbidge, Homer D. (Yale University. Timothy Dwight College)--7.10
  • Balch, Marston (National Theatre Conference)--7.10
  • Ball, David (The Guthrie Theater)--7.10
  • Baraka, Imamu Amiri, 1934- (Congress of Afrikan People)--7.10
  • Barr, Richard (Theater 1964)--7.10
  • Barrios Herrero, Olga, 1958- --7.10
  • Ben-Zvi, Linda (The Samuel Beckett Society)--7.10
  • Bentley, Paul (Margaret Ramsay Ltd.)--7.10
  • Bill, Mary (Great Lakes Theatre Festival)--7.10
  • Blassingame, John W., 1940- (Yale University)--7.10
  • Blau, Herbert (The Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center, Inc.)--7.10
  • Bond, Edward--7.10
  • Bowen, William G. (Princeton University)--7.10
  • Bridson, D. G. (British Broadcasting Corporation)--7.10
  • Brooks, Gwendolyn, 1917- --7.10
  • Brustein, Robert Sanford, 1927- (Yale Repertory Theatre)--7.10
  • Bullins, Ed--7.10
  • Cahill, Elizabeth (Who's Who in America)--7.10
  • Carlisle, Henry, 1926- (PEN American Center)--7.10
  • Chaikin, Joseph, 1935- (Performing Artservices, Inc.)--7.10
  • Chambers, Henry, Jr. (Yale University)--7.10
  • Channing, Susan R. (Massachusetts Arts And Humanities Foundation, Inc.)--7.10
  • Christ, Carol T. (University of California, Berkeley)--7.10
  • Class Magazine--7.10
  • Cochran, Terry (University of Minnesota)--1.12
  • Cummings, Scott T. (Theatre Three)--7.10
  • Dash, Robert (Noonday Press)--1.7 [on verso of manuscript page]
  • Davis, Ossie--7.11
  • Dee, Ruby--7.11
  • Dempster, Curt (The Ensemble Studio Theatre)--7.11
  • Doares, Juanita S. (New York Public Library. Library & Museum of the Performing Arts)--7.11
  • Domoff, Dan [AK to Domoff]--9.14
  • Fernandez, Isabelle (Creative Artists Public Service Program)--7.11
  • Fielding, Claude E. (Crawley & de Reya)--7.11
  • Flanagan, William--7.11
  • Fleischer, Mary (Marymount Manhattan College)--7.11
  • Freedman, Gerald (Great Lakes Theater Festival)--7.11
  • Freeman, Lisa (University of Minnesota)--7.11
  • Gardner, Bonnie Milne (Ohio Wesleyan)--7.11
  • Gillis, Jeanne--7.11
  • Giovanni, Nikki--7.11
  • Grey, Joel--7.11
  • Hanks, Nancy, 1927-1983 (National Council on the Arts)--7.11
  • Hardwick, Elizabeth (PEN American Center)--7.11
  • Harvey, Helen--7.11
  • Heyman, Susan--7.11
  • [Hoffman], Dustin, 1937- --7.11
  • Hovious, Jeanlee M. (University of Minnesota)--7.11
  • Howard, Camille Cole--8.12
  • Hunzinger, Stefani (S. Fischer Verlag)--7.11
  • Jackson, Caroline B. (Oberlin College. Theater and Dance Program)--7.11
  • Jackson, Paul K.--9.11
  • Jones, Barbara Rice (PEN American Center)--7.11
  • Jones, Derek--7.11
  • Jones, James Earl--7.11
  • Kahan, Robert (Samuel French, Inc.)--7.11
  • Kahn, Michael (The Shakespeare Theatre at the Folger)--7.11
  • Kaye, Phyllis Johnson (The O'Neill Theater Center)--7.11
  • Kazan, Elia--7.11
  • Kiely, Robert (Harvard University. Adams House)--7.11
  • Kinsman, Clare D. (Contemporary Authors)--7.11
  • Klein, Howard (The Rockefeller Foundation)--7.11
  • Knowles, John H. (The Rockefeller Foundation)--7.11
  • Kümmel, Britta (Danmarks Radio)--7.9
  • Lennon, John, 1940- [AK to Lennon]--3.5
  • McConathy, Dale--7.12
  • MacDermot, Galt ("Hair: An American Tribal Love Rock Musical")--7.12
  • MacDonald, Sandy (Performance & Scripts)--7.12
  • Mann, Theodore [recommendation letter to John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation]--7.12
  • Marion, John Francis (Chilton Book Company)--7.12
  • Marshall, William, 1924- --7.12
  • Maschler, Tom, 1934- [AK to Maschler]--3.4
  • Michalski, Kirsten (PEN American Center)--7.12
  • Miles, Julia (The American Place Theatre)--7.12
  • Moore, Honor, 1945- --7.12
  • Morales, Donald M.--7.12
  • Myers, Budd--7.12
  • Nichols, Mike--7.12
  • Oaks, Harold R. (Office for Advanced Drama Research. University of Minnesota)--7.12
  • Okpaku, Joseph (The Third Press)--7.12
  • Overbeck, Lois More--9.11
  • Papp, Joseph (New York Shakespeare Festival)--7.12
  • Parish, Elizabeth (W. W. Norton & Company)--7.12
  • Parone, Edward (Center Theatre Group)--7.12
  • Pearlman, Leslie (Massachusetts Arts and Humanities Foundation, Inc.)--7.12
  • Peck, Seymour (The New York Times)--7.12
  • Pennella, Florence (The Poughkeepsie Journal)--7.12
  • Petchenik, Kenneth H. (Who's Who in America)--7.12
  • Pinter, Harold, 1930- --7.12
  • Rafalowicz, Mira (Performing Artservices, Inc.)--7.10
  • Ramsay, Margaret (Margaret Ramsey Ltd.)--7.12
  • Randolph, Leonard (National Council on the Arts)--7.12
  • Reed, Ishmael, 1938- --7.12
  • Rich, Frank (The New York Times)--7.12
  • Richards, Lloyd (The O'Neill Theater Center)--7.12
  • Richards, Stanley, 1918- --7.12
  • Robbins, Jerome--7.12
  • Robinson, Marc, 1962- (Theater)--7.12
  • Rosenstone, Howard (William Morris Agency)--7.12
  • Schechter, Joel, 1947- (Theater)--7.12
  • Schneider, Alan (The Julliard School. Drama Division)--7.13
  • Schultz, Michael (TFD Company, Ltd.)--7.13
  • Selby, John--7.13
  • Shanahan, Eileen [secretary to Elia Kazan]--7.11
  • Sharpe, David--7.13
  • Short, Bobby--7.13
  • Snyder, Richard E.--7.9
  • Sollors, Werner--7.13
  • Spinetti, Victor--7.13
  • Stanley, Alma--7.13
  • Stein, Howard (Yale University. School of Drama; Columbia University in the City of New York)--7.13
  • Svendsen, Juris (School of Theater and Dance. Institute of the Arts)--7.13
  • Taylor, Elizabeth, 1932- --7.13
  • Tenney, Margot (Hartman Regional Theatre)--7.13
  • Topping, Tinka D. (The Hampton Day School)--7.13
  • Tutton, Caroline M. (Longmans, Green & Co. Limited)--7.13
  • Tynan, Kenneth, 1927- --7.12 (The National Theatre); 7.13
  • Vinson, James, 1933- (St. James Press Ltd.)--7.13
  • Wakeman, John (H. W. Wilson Company)--7.13
  • Wallace, Lois (William Morris Agency)--7.13
  • Watts, Richard (New York Post)--7.13
  • Webster, Lu (William Morris Agency)--7.13
  • Wegweiser, Roslyn (H. W. Wilson Company)--7.13
  • Weintraub, Stanley, 1929- (Institute for the Arts and Humanistic Studies. Pennsylvania State University)--7.13
  • Weldon, Fay--7.13
  • White, Edgar, 1947- [note written on "Poem for Robeson"]--7.13
  • Wilder, Clinton (Theater 1964)--7.10
  • [Wilkerson], Margaret B. (Margaret Buford)--7.13
  • Wilkins, Roger W., 1932- (Ford Foundation)--7.13
  • Williams, Galen (Poets & Writers)--7.13
  • Williams, Sam P. (New York Public Library. Library & Museum of the Performing Arts)--7.13
  • Willis, Winifred--7.13
  • Wood, Audrey, 1905- (Ashley Famous Agency, Inc.)--7.13
  • Woods, Alan (Ohio State University. Jerome Lawrence & Robert E. Lee Theatre Research Institute)--7.13
  • Wright, Thomas H. (Princeton University)--7.13

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