Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the David Franklin Houston Papers, 1898, 1908-1921



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Houston, David Franklin, 1866-1940
Title: Houston, David Franklin, papers
Dates: 1898, 1908-1921
Abstract: David Franklin Houston, businessman and secretary of agriculture to President Woodrow Wilson, joined the faculty of the newly organized department of political science at the University of Texas in 1894. He became dean of the faculty in 1899 and served as University president from 1905 to 1908. The papers consist of government reports and publications during the period of time when Houston was secretary of the US Department of Agriculture, a class roster from when he was a UT professor, and correspondence.
Accession No.: 1945; 71-055; 73-141; 87-097; 90-051
OCLC No.: 961185158
Extent: 1 ft., 3 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

David Franklin Houston was born in Monroe, North Carolina, on February 17, 1866. He graduated with an AB degree from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) in 1887, fourth in his class. He served as the superintendent of the Spartanburg, South Carolina public schools from 1888 to 1891 before entering Harvard. He earned his AM in Political Science from Harvard in 1892.

In 1894, Houston joined the faculty of the newly organized department of political science at the University of Texas. He became dean of the faculty in 1899. In 1900, President McKinley appointed Houston to the Board of Visitors of the United States Military Academy at West Point, and in 1902 he became president of Texas Agricultural and Mechanical College (now Texas A&M University).

Houston returned to the University of Texas in 1905 to serve as University president. The Board of Regents approved a PhD program for the graduate school and a new law school building was constructed during his tenure. He served at UT until 1908 when he became chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis.

In 1913, President Woodrow Wilson selected Houston to be the United States secretary of agriculture, a position he held for the next seven years. He went on to become a successful businessman, president and director of several corporations, and university board member.

Houston married Helen Beall in Austin in 1895 and the couple had five children. He died in 1940 in New York.

Source:

Handbook of Texas Online, John W. Payne, Jr., "Houston, David Franklin," accessed September 20, 2016

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Scope and Contents

The David Franklin Houston Papers, 1898, 1908-1921, primarily consist of government reports and publications during the period of time when Houston was Secretary of the US Department of Agriculture (1913-1920). These include six annual US Department of Agriculture reports (1913-1919) produced by Houston under President Woodrow Wilson; a publication of the Committee on Public Information, National Service Handbook (1917), containing a statement by Houston concerning thrift during World War I; and The Federal Reserve Act (Approved December 23, 1913) as Amended April 13, 1920. Other reports, produced by the US Secretary of the Navy, the US Secretary of War, the US Secretary of the Interior, and other government officers, can also be found.

Also included is biographical data on Houston, including a letter handwritten by Houston while an associate professor of political science at the University of Texas and dated May 27, 1898. Furthermore, the papers contain an undated class roster, and an original letter from Woodrow Wilson to Houston dated April 6th, 1908, Princeton, N.J., concerning a reference for a Dr. John C. Dunning.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Houston, David Franklin, 1866-1940
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924
Subjects (Organizations)
United States. Department of Agriculture
University of Texas at Austin.
Subjects
Government publications.
Places
Austin (Tex.)
Washington (D.C.)

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

David Franklin Houston Papers, 1898, 1908-1921, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Sara Rumbo, April 1973..

Subsequent revisions were made by Ralph Elder, October 1978; Steven C. Perry, January 1987; and Jessi Fishman, September 2016.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
3G215 US Secretary of Agriculture annual reports, 1913-1915, 1917, 1919
The Federal Reserve Act as Amended April 13, 1920
National Service Handbook, 1917
Letters to and from Houston, 1898, 1908, 1917
Class record of Houston at UT, undated
Biographical notes for The Cyclopedia of American Biography, 1921
Typed biographical material, undated
box
4Jc131a US Secretary of the Navy annual reports, 1913, 1916-1917, 1919-1920
US Secretary of the Treasury annual report, 1916
US Secretary of War annual reports, 1913, 1916, 1918-1920
US Secretary of Commerce annual reports, 1915, 1920
box
4Jc132a US Secretary of the Interior annual reports, 1916, 1918-1919
US Secretary of Labor annual reports, 1913-1916
US Attorney General annual report, 1913
US Committee on Public Information publications, 1917-1918
The President's Flag Day Address
The Battle Line of Democracy
War Information Series - Nos. 1 to 10
German Treatment of Conquered Territory
The Study of the Great War
American and Allied Ideals
German Plots and Intrigues
Conquest and Kultur
War Work of Women in Colleges
American's War Aims and Peace Program
War, Labor, and Peace
Why America Fights Germany

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