Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Robert Simonton Gould Papers, 1828-1942



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Gould, Robert Simonton
Title: Robert Simonton Gould papers
Dates: 1828-1942
Abstract: Robert Simonton Gould (1826-1904) was a lawyer in Texas, district attorney, Texas Supreme Court Justice, and one of the two law professors hired when the University of Texas officially opened in 1883. The papers are primarily composed of the family correspondence of Gould, his wife Serena Barnes Gould, his mother Zilpha Simonton Gould, and his brother Ebenezer P. Gould during the 1850s through the 1870s.
Accession No.: 1942; 83-374
OCLC No.: 961118529
Extent: 10 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Robert Simonton Gould, law professor and Texas Supreme Court Justice, was born December 16, 1826 in Iredell County, North Carolina. His father was a Presbyterian minister and his mother ran a boarding house. He graduated from the University of Alabama in 1844 when he was 17 years old and began teaching mathematics there and studying law. He then practiced law in Macon, Mississippi, before moving to Centerville, Leon County, Texas, in 1850.

A practicing lawyer in Texas, Gould was elected district attorney for the Thirteenth District in 1853 and attended the Secession Convention in 1861. Soon after becoming elected judge of the District, he enlisted in the Confederate Army as a captain, raised a battalion that earned his namesake, and served as colonel of a regiment. He returned to Centerville and was elected judge again in 1866. He moved to Galveston four years later.

When the University of Texas officially opened in 1883, Gould became one of the two law professors hired. He resigned in the spring of 1904. He served as Associate Justice (1874-1881) of the Texas Supreme Court. Governor Oran M. Roberts appointed him Chief Justice in 1881 but he failed re-election to the post in 1882.

Gould married Serena Barnes in 1855 and the couple had one son. He died in Austin on June 30, 1904.

Source:

Justices of Texas 1836-1986, University of Texas School of Law Tarlton Law Library

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Scope and Contents

The Robert Simonton Gould Papers, 1828-1942, are primarily composed of the family correspondence of Gould, his wife Serena Barnes Gould, his mother Zilpha Simonton Gould, and his brother Ebenezer P. Gould during the 1850s through the 1870s. The correspondence concerns family news, political and religious sentiments, the Secession Convention of 1861, the Civil War, and Gould’s law career. Of special note are the letters of Ebenezer Gould, which contain vivid descriptions of Civil War battles.

The papers also include Gould’s diary during the 1840s, his reminiscences, and an 1828-1829 fragment of the diary of his father Daniel Gould, a Presbyterian minister. A small portion of the collection consists of scrapbook materials, financial and legal records, and a photograph of Robert S. Gould, Jr. at age 12.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Gould, Robert Simonton
Gould family
Subjects (Organizations)
Texas. District Court (13th Judicial District)
Texas. Convention (1861)
Subjects
Civil War
Clergy
Judges--Texas
Practice of law
Places
Austin (Tex.)
Centerville (Tex.)
Leon County (Tex.)

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Related Material

See also Robert Simonton Gould Letters to Thomas Watt Gregory, Tarlton Law Library, The University of Texas at Austin.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Robert Simonton Gould Papers, 1828-1942, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Lynn Bell, December 1983.

Subsequent revisions were made by Jessi Fishman, January 2016.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
3R104 Correspondence, 1851-1877, 1895-1900, 1926, 1937, undated
box
3R105 Diaries
Daniel Gould, 1828-1829
Robert S. Gould, 1843-1849, 1867
Reminiscences of Robert S. Gould, 1871, 1883
Scrapbook and scrapbook materials, 1875-1887, undated
Financial and legal records, 1855-1899, undated
Genealogical materials, 1904, undated
Transcripts, 1942
Biography and diaries of Robert Simonton Gould
Letters of Robert Simonton Gould; Diary and letters of Daniel Gould
box
3S26 Photograph of Robert S. Gould, Jr., aged 12, 1870
Photograph of unidentified child, undated

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