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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Michael Erskine Papers



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Erskine, Michael (1794-1862)
Title: Erskine, Michael, Papers
Dates: 1854-1930
Abstract: The collection consists of the original two-volume diary of Michael Erskine's 1854 cattle drive, 1928 transcript of the diary, and a photocopy of the transcript. Also included are correspondence and Erskine family genealogical material.
Accession No.: 79-45; 81-69
Extent: 3 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Michael Erskine, born in present-day West Virginia in 1794, was a Texas rancher and cattle raiser near Seguin in Guadalupe County. In 1854, he drove a herd of cattle from Texas through New Mexico and Arizona, and into California. Once in California he lost his cattle earnings in gold mining and milling ventures. He returned to his Texas ranch in 1859 and died while returning from a cattle trip to New Orleans in 1862. Erskine has ten children, including three sons who figure prominently in his papers, Andrew Nelson, John Paulee, and Michael Henry Erskine.

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Scope and Contents

The collection consists of the original two-volume diary of Michael Erskine's 1854 cattle drive, 1928 transcript of the diary, and a photocopy of the transcript. Also included are correspondence and Erskine family genealogical material. The diary transcript and some of the genealogical material were created in 1928 by Blucher Haynes Erskine, the grandson of Michael and the son of Andrew. Correspondence consists of four letters, 1856-1860, from Michael Erskine's son, Michael Henry, who was in California, to his brother Andrew Nelson, who remained in Texas.

Genealogical material focuses on Michael Erskine and his immediate ancestors and descendants, including a record of the Indian captivity of Erskine's mother, Margaret Paulee, in Virginia in 1779. Of special note is the preface written by J. Frank Dobie in "The Diary and Letters of Michael Erskine," 1926.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Dobie, J. Frank (James Frank), 1888-1964
Erskine, Blucher Haynes
Erskine, Michael
Subjects (Places)
Guadalupe County (Tex.)--History.
Seguin (Tex.)--History.
Subjects
Cattle drives--California--History--19th century.
Cattle drives--Texas--History--19th century.
Gold mines and mining--California--History.

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Related Material

See also the published Diary of Michael Erskine: Describing His Cattle Drive from Texas to California Together with Correspondence from the Gold Fields, 1854-1859, by Michael Erskine, edited with notes and historical introduction by J. Evetts Haley, 1979

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Michael Erskine Papers, 1854-1930, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
3N164 Diary transcript, 1928
Photocopy of diary transcript
Correspondence, 1856-1860
Genealogical material:
"The Diary and Letters of Michael Erskine," by Blucher Haynes Erskine, Sr., preface by J. Frank Dobie, 1926
"Old Record of the Captivity of Margaret Erskine, 1779," 1930
"Michael Henry Erskine," Chapters 1 and 2, undated
box
4Zc169 RESTRICTED: Michael Erskine's diary of cattle drive from Texas to California, 2 volumes, 1854
Leather pouches made for carrying diary
box
3S3 Photographic portrait of Michael Erskine

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