University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the George Parr Trial Papers



Descriptive Summary

Creator: United States. District Court (Texas : Southern District)
Title: Parr, George Trial Papers
Dates: 1950-1989
Abstract: The George Parr Trial Papers contain transcripts of the George B. Parr trial for tax evasion, the trial of Archer Parr for perjury, the Octavio Saenz trial for perjury and the O.P. Carillo, Ramiro Carillo trial for tax evasion, as well as the transcript of May 1972 Grand Jury proceedings. In addition, the collection includes criminal dockets, special agents reports, transcripts of hearings, appellate briefs, exhibit lists and various other documents relating to the investigation and subsequent legal proceedings. The collection also includes newspaper and magazine clippings that document the media response to the scandal.
Accession No.: 2014-105
OCLC No.: 881829194
Extent: 5 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

George Parr (1901-1975) was born in San Diego, TX, son of Archie Parr, who since 1907 had been the undisputed Democratic political boss of Duval County, Texas. The elder Parr had established a system of political patronage with the impoverished Mexican-American laborers who made up the majority of the population of Duval county, for which he was granted the title "El Patrón." George Parr began his political career in 1926 when his father appointed him to complete a term as county judge. The younger Parr became his father's heir apparent as the elder Parr's health began to fail, eventually inheriting his father's political machine as well as the title of "El Patrón."

Despite a conviction for tax evasion in 1934, George Parr steadily gained political power by handpicking candidates for local political offices. He also made a small fortune through his ties to various local businesses. He was pardoned in 1946, thus regaining his right to run for political office, and eventually held the offices of judge and sheriff in Duval County. Parr's political machinery included the help of several lieutenants, among them his nephew Archer Parr, Octavio Saenz and O.P. and Ramiro Carrillo. Parr was involved in many political scandals, including his suspected involvement in voter fraud during the primary election between Coke R. Stevenson and Lyndon B. Johnson for State Senate.

After decades of legal assaults, George Parr's political machine fell apart in the 1970s. Facing a conviction and jail-time for federal income tax evasion he committed suicide at his home in Duval County in 1974. Parr's co-conspirators were likewise convicted of tax evasion and perjury.

Evan Anders, "PARR, GEORGE BERHAM [1901-1975]," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpa36), accessed June 19, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.


Scope and Contents

The George Parr Trial Papers contain transcripts of the George B. Parr trial for tax evasion, the trial of Archer Parr for perjury, the Octavio Saenz trial for perjury and the O.P. Carillo, Ramiro Carillo trial for tax evasion, as well as the transcript of May 1972 Grand Jury proceedings. In addition, the collection includes criminal dockets, special agents reports, transcripts of hearings, appellate briefs, exhibit lists and various other documents relating to the investigation and subsequent legal proceedings. The collection also includes newspaper and magazine clippings that document the media response to the scandal.


 

Arrangement

The George Parr Trial Papers are organized into five series of trial records:
  • I. U.S. v. George B. Parr files
  • II. U.S. v. Archer Parr files
  • III. U.S. v. Octavio Saenz files
  • VI. U.S. v. O.P. Carrillo, Ramiro Carrillo and Arturo Zertuche files
  • V. May, 1972 Federal grand jury files

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Parr, George Berham, d.1975 -- Archives
Carillo, O. P.
Subjects
Trials (Tax evasion) -- Texas -- Duval County.
Political corruption -- Texas -- Duval County.
Places
Duval County (Tex.) -- Politics and government.
Texas -- Politics and government.
Added entry
United States. District Court (Texas : Western District)
United States. Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

George Parr Trial Papers, 1950-1989, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Esther Kirchner, June 2014.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

U.S. v. George B. Parr files, 1950-1985.

Box
4S20 Trial transcript, vol. 1-20, 1974.
Transcript of government counsel's closing arguments, 1974.
Tinker/Bradshaw- closing arguments for defendant, 1974.
Criminal docket and indictment, 1974.
IRS special agent's report, 1972.
Pretrial hearing on water district burglary, undated.
First interview with George Parr, undated.
Photographs of George Parr's residence, 1972-1973.
"Zertuche General Store," 1972.
Duval County Conservation and Reclamation District, undated.
Main Street, Benavides, 1972.
Pre-trial/trial notes, 1974.
Witness briefs, witness lists and exhibit list, undated.
Daily notes on hearings and trial, 1974.
Box
4S21 Presentence investigation report, 1974.
Sentencing hearing transcript, 1974.
Corpus Christi grand jury, misc., 1973.
USAO folder- San Antonio grand jury investigation, 1972.
Appellate briefs and 5th circuit opinion, 1974.
Motion and order for bench warrant, 1975.
Various court documents, 1950-1960.
Newspaper and magazine clippings, 1972-1985.



 
U.S. v. Archer Parr files, 1973-1989.
Box
4S21 Closing arguments of counsel, 1974.
Testimony of prominent character witnesses, 1974.
Criminal docket, 1973-1975.
IRS special agent's report, 1973-1975.
Indictment, 1973.
Motion in Limine regarding "burglary" of Water District, undated.
Government's exhibit list, 1974.
Trial exhibits (partial), 1967-1976.
Judgement of conviction, 1975.
Bond revocation after unsuccessful appeal of conviction, 1975.
Appellate briefs, 1973.
Box
4S22 Newspaper clippings- Archer Parr, Octavio Saenz perjury case, 1973-1989.



 
U.S. v. Octavio Saenz, 1974-1977.
Box
4S22 Criminal docket, 1974-1977.
Trial transcript, 1974.
Article on conviction, 1974.
Appellate briefs (partial), 1975.



 
U.S. v. O.P. Carrillo, Ramiro Carrillo and Arturo Zertuche files, 1969-1982.
Box
4S22 Trial transcript (U.S. v. O.P. and Ramiro Carrillo only), vols. 1-4, 1975.
Box
4S23 Trial transcript (U.S. v. O.P. and Ramiro Carrillo only), vols. 5-10, 1975.
Criminal docket, 1975.
Special agent's report, 1974.
Witness interviews and memoranda, 1973-1975.
Zertuche General Store claims/Duval county warrants, 1969-1970.
Newspaper and magazine articles, 1973-1982.



 
May, 1972 Federal grand jury files, 1972-1973.
Box
4S24 Transcript of impanelment of grand jury, Western District of Texas, May 9, 1972.
Rule 6(e) order, 1972.
Transcript of testimony, May 9, 1972-April 6, 1973.
Transfer and reindictment in Southern District of Texas, 1973.