Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical/Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

At Collections Deposit Library (CDL):

Location: Sid Richardson Hall (SRH)

Location: Collections Deposit Library (CDL)

Location: Sid Richardson Hall (SRH)

Location: Collections Deposit Library (CDL)

Location: Collections Deposit Library (CDL)

Location: Sid Richardson Hall (SRH)

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Charles F. Herring Papers, 1948-2004



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Charles F. Herring
Title: Herring, Charles F, Papers
Dates: 1946-2004
Abstract: The Charles F. Herring Sr. Papers document the life and career of Texas Senator Charles Ferguson Herring.
Accession No.: 2004-189
OCLC No.:
Extent: 7 ft., 6 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical/Historical Note

Charles Ferguson Herring was born on June 1, 1914, on a small farm in McLennan County, Texas outside of the community of Stampede Valley. During the Depression, Herring worked hard raising cotton in order to raise the necessary $20 per semester to attend the University of Texas. He later enrolled in UT Law where he met his wife, Doris Marie Wallace of El Campo. He graduated from law school in 1938.

After graduating, he began working with a premier Texas trial lawyer, Everett Looney, until 1941 when Herring became County Attorney of Travis County. The following year, he was appointed General Counsel for the Office of Price Administration, and began working as an administrative assistant to Congressman Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) in Washington D.C. For six months, Herring worked closely with LBJ and even lived with him in his home. He frequently accompanied Johnson to nightly meetings with other political figures such as Speaker Sam Rayburn and J. Edgar Hoover. Herring and LBJ developed a strong and lasting relationship.

In 1943, Herring enlisted in the U.S. Navy, serving as a group commander of assault landing craft in the Pacific theater. He participated in the invasions of Okinawa, Iwo Jima, and Leyte Gulf. During the invasion of the Lingayen Gulf, a direct hit from a mortar took out all thirty of the soldiers in his landing craft, except for him.

In the middle of the war, his mother became deathly ill. LBJ heard of the illness and sent a secret message to Herring in the Pacific. After his request for leave was denied, Herring went AWOL in order to see his mother one last time. He arrived at the hospital in Waco where his mother was being treated; she then died thirty minutes after. He made his way back to the Pacific where his captain reassigned him to duty without discipline. By the end of the war, Herring had reached the rank of Lieutenant Commander and had received three Purple Hearts, a Navy Cross, and a Bronze Star.

After the war, Herring returned to Texas to practice with his former boss, Everett Looney. In 1948, Herring managed the Austin headquarters for Lyndon B. Johnson’s campaign for U.S. Senate. That same year he began working with Herman & Jones at the law firm of Jones CODE Herring. President Truman then appointed Herring the U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Texas; he served in this position from 1951 to 1955. During his tenure as U.S. Attorney, Herring maintained a 97% conviction rate, a national record at the time.

In 1956, Herring was elected to the Texas Senate from the 14th Senatorial District. During his sixteen-year tenure, Herring chaired every major Senate committee. His legislative record includes, sponsoring the adoption of the State Employee Classification Act and the Uniform Commercial Code, the creation of the Texas Water Commission and the Air Control Board, the donation of state property for the MoPac Expressway in Austin, and the overhaul of the Texas Penal Code.

In 1973, Herring left the Senate to become General Manager of the Lower Colorado River Authority, where he served for eight years. He later served as the CEO of First Federal Savings & Loan Association in Austin for six years before returning to the practice of law until he retired in 1993.

Herring died in Austin on January 15, 2004, at the age of 89. He is buried in the Texas State Cemetery next to his wife, Doris, who had died in 1979. He and Doris had children; Carole Herring Weir; Ann Herring McDonald; Toni Herring; and one son, Charles F. (Chuck) Herring, Jr.

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Scope and Contents

The Charles F. Herring Sr. Papers document the life and career of Texas Senator Charles Ferguson Herring. Correspondence between political associates, family, legal clientele, and constituents; newspaper clippings; financial and legislative records; meeting minutes; invitations; programs; interviews; public addresses; campaign materials; and photographs compose the collection. The bulk of the papers date to 1951-1972, the years in which Herring was a U.S. Attorney and Texas Senator. A smaller portion focuses on positions he held later in life, such as General Manager of the LCRA and CEO of First Federal Savings.

The papers are arranged into five series: Personal, Political, Legal, Lower Colorado River Authority, and Photographs. The Personal series (1956-2004) consists mainly of correspondence to and from family, colleagues, constituents, and clients. The Political series (1955-1973) comprises mostly of correspondence between Herring and his peers as well as legislative bills and reports, committee meeting records, and campaigns. The MoPac Expressway legislation is touched on briefly in the collection. The Legal series (1949-1981) largely consists of correspondence between Herring and his legal clientele in addition to clippings relating to his clients’ cases. Comprising clippings and reports, the LCRA series (1972-1985) describes the activities of the LCRA under Herring’s leadership. The Photographs series (1958-1973) primarily documents his tenure as a state Senator, but also cover his various other positions.

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Arrangement

  • I. Personal
  • II. Political
  • III. Legal
  • IV. Lower Colorado River Authority
  • V. Photographs

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Access to portions of this collection are restricted until 2029. Restricted items are noted in the inventory below.

Use Restrictions

A portion of these papers is stored remotely. Advance notice required for retrieval. Contact repository for retrieval.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Herring, Charles Ferguson, 1914-2004 – Archives.
Herring, Charles Ferguson, Jr., 1951-
Herring, Luther, 1887-1992
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
Yarborough, Ralph Webster, 1903-1996
Connally, John Bowden, 1917-1993
Jones, Herman, 1911-1994
Patman, William Neff, 1927-2008
Bullock, Bob.
Creighton, Thomas W, 1927-1997
Hobby, Bill, 1932-
Clark, Edward, 1906-1992
Subjects (Organizations)
Texas. Congress. Senate
United States. Navy
Democratic Party (Tex)
University of Texas at Austin. School of Law
United States. Attorney (Texas : Western District)
Lower Colorado River Authority
First Federal Savings & Loan Association, Austin, Texas
Subjects
Legislators – Texas – History – 20th century.
Politicians – Texas – History—20th century.
Lawyers – Texas – History – 20th century.
Lower Colorado River Authority – History – 20th century.
Places
Austin (Tex.)

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Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Library Unit.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Charles F. Herring Papers, 1948-2004, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Kyle Harlan, July 2013.

Subsequent revisions were made by Erin Donohue, August 2013.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

At Collections Deposit Library (CDL):

Personal
box
2004-189/1 Correspondence
Lyndon Baines Johnson 1946-1951
Personal assorted correspondence, 1946, 1950, 1981-1992
Personal assorted correspondence, 1950
Personal assorted correspondence, 1970-1975
Assorted correspondence, 1973
Assorted correspondence, 1974-1975, 1978-1979
Assorted correspondence 1967-1971
Assorted correspondence 1959-1964
Assorted correspondence 1949
Assorted correspondence 1951-1952
Assorted correspondence 1947-1948
Assorted correspondence 1975-1979
Assorted correspondence 1962-1966
Assorted correspondence 1981
Assorted correspondence 1982
Financial Records, 1980
Tax codes 1980
Property Reappraisal 1980
Last Will and Testament of Luther Herring
Memorabilia, 1967, 1973, 1994, undated
Wanted poster
University United Methodist Church Program for Herman Jones Memorial 1994
The Herring Record Plans
Oilers/Astros Schedules
Class report on Herring by Government 610B student
box
2004-189/2 Clippings 1956,1960,1963
European Trip June 12-July 18, 1963
Itinerary
Correspondence
Ephemera
Reservations
Calendars, Texas Sesquicentennial 1986
Farm Documents, 1949-1960
Insurance records
Correspondence 1950
Business
First Federal Savings
Memoranda 1986
Correspondence 1973
Western American Life Insurance Company
Board of Directors meeting minutes 1959-1960
Financial Records 1959-1960
Miscellaneous, 1970-1982
Law firm financial statements 1970
Stock exchange agreement 1970
Landlord/Rent regulations
Lake Austin National Bank Stock 1982
Projects to be Addressed 1981
Miscellaneous, 1960-1963
Texas Agricultural Products (TAP) Committee 1969-1975
Texas Retired Employees Associations 1977-1978
Doerntge Property correspondence and records 1963-1968
Beverages, Inc.
Estate of Minnie Hering
Survey of Land in McLennan County, undated
Charles Herring, Jr. (Chuck)

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Location: Sid Richardson Hall (SRH)

box
3D109 Tax return, 1967 [RESTRICTED UNTIL 2029]
Correspondence from Charles Herring, Sr., 1968 [RESTRICTED UNTIL 2029]

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Location: Collections Deposit Library (CDL)

box
2004-189/2 Herring Biographical Notes
"Recollections", Autobiographical notes and micro-cassette tape
Senate Resolutions
"Doc" Herring clippings/S.R. 1992
Legal Name Change Documents 1963
LBJ Library Oral History Project Interview 1968
Memorial Book for Charles F. Herring Funeral 2004
box
2004-189/3 Awards and Ephemera
St. Edward's University General Bulletin 1958-1960
The Citadel Club Roster and Bylaws
TACS Texas Teammates Visit Nellis Air Force Base
Honorary Airdale Navy Basic Training mementos 1960
National Governors' Conference, 1972
Miscellaneous Political Invitations/Programs
Herring Appreciation Reception 1973
Political
box
2004-189/3 Correspondence
Possible Run for U.S. Congress 1963-1964
State Congressional Election 1972
Assorted Correspondence 1957-1963
Assorted Correspondence 1968-1972
Assorted Correspondence 1973
Marked "Confidential"
box
2004-189/4 City of Austin 1960-1967
City of Austin 1968-1971
Credentials Subcommittee of the State Democratic Executive Committee 1969
Minutes
Correspondence
Spencer Brown
Betty Mann
Jack Furman
Democratic State Convention address
Democratic State Convention 1970
District Caucus Delegate List
Reservations
Texas Criminal Justice Information System Master Plan, 1973
9th Inter-American Travel Congress 1965
Correspondence
Itinerary
Brochures
Utah, 1959-1960
Speech Material 1971
Draft
Correspondence
House Bill Copies
Clippings 1955-1961
Clippings 1965-1968
Clippings 1965-1973
Clippings 1970-1972
Clippings of Herman Jones 1960
Conference Committee Report 1973
box
2004-189/5 "A Living Texas Museum", McKinney-Lowery Foundation, The 632 Acres
World Petroleum Congress 1963
Judicial Appointment 1964
Clippings
Correspondence
Bill Patman 1958-1960
Correspondence
Clippings
Austin American Statesman January 8 1959
box
2004-189/7 Campaign Materials
Jim Hart for Senator Campaign 1956
Kennedy/Johnson Campaign 1960
Assorted Correspondence 1960
District Campaign Director List
Correspondence 1965
Johnson for President Campaign 1960
Correspondence
LBJ Voting Record
Clippings 1960
Tom Creighton Campaign 1970
Correspondence
Materials
Clippings
Herring Campaign Material
Herring 1968 Campaign
Signatures of Support 1965
Campaign Contribution List
Speech drafts
Assorted Herring campaign promotional materials [3 folders], 1961-1973 and undated
Miscellaneous Campaign Documents

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Location: Sid Richardson Hall (SRH)

box
2AA28.4 Oversize campaign posters, [ca. 1968]

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Location: Collections Deposit Library (CDL)

box
2004-189/5 Legal
Clippings
Criminal Investigations 1952-1954
Clippings 1953-1956
Jencks Communist Case 1954
Correspondence
Assorted Correspondence 1951-1952
Assorted Correspondence 1953-1954
Assorted Correspondence 1951-1955
Assorted Correspondence 1951-1953
box
2004-189/5-6 San Marcos Telphone Company 1952-1956
Assorted Correspondence
Clippings
Contracts
Financial Statements
Meeting Minutes
Corporation Records
box
2004-189/6 Nomination and Confirmation as U.S. Attorney 1951-1952
Clippings
Correspondence
Estate of Julia Lee Hering 1949-1950
Correspondence
Lawsuit
Property Records
Marjorie Freeman Haight 1950-1951
Will
Leasing Records
Property Agreements
Michael Milburn Case 1972
Correspondence
Conversation Transcript
Radio Station KVET 1949-1950
Correspondence
Lawsuit Filings
Financial Statements
Monterrey Apartments, Inc. 1950-1951
Correspondence
Stock Records
Meeting Minutes
George Dermody Military Case 1960
"True Police Cases" December 1953
Capitol Commerce Reporter
Financial Statements 1975-1981
Correspondence 1969-1973
Woodrow W. Hering, : 1949-1950
The American Association of Architectural Engineers
Landlord issue
box
3D109 Birth record [RESTRICTED UNTIL 2029]

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Location: Collections Deposit Library (CDL)

box
2004-189/6 Lower Colorado River Authority
Correspondence
Assorted Correspondence 1972-1974
Assorted Correspondence 1977-1978
Clippings
Clippings 1973
Clippings 1974-1975
Clippings 1974-1976
Clippings 1976-1978
box
2004-189/7 Charles F. Herring Retirement 1981
Correspondence
Summary of Last Seven Years
Clippings
LCRA publications and promotional materials, 1971-1985
Clippings, 1973
Water quality study proposals, undated
Shell/Texland - Milam Lignite Contract Summary June 1981
Trust Indenture, LCRA to The Chase Manhattan Bank 1971
Lignite Investigation Brazos County, undated
Lower Colorado River Authority Annual Report, 1976, 1978
European Trip Itinerary and Memorabilia, 1978
LCRA Contracts with Charles F. Herring
Negative LCRA Publicity
Clippings 1978
Per diem review
Assorted Correspondence
"Texas Industrial Expansion" September 1974
Photographs
box
2004-189/3 Photographs 1958-1973

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Location: Sid Richardson Hall (SRH)

box
2AA28.4 First Federal Savings photo album, [ca. 1988]
Herring lawyer photo, May 26, 1973

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