A Guide to the Grimes County White Man’s Association Photograph, circa 1900
White Man’s Union Associations, also known as White Men’s Primary Associations, were local political parties that were created after the Reconstruction in several Texas counties to allow white voters to control the outcome of elections in areas with large African-American and Latino populations. The groups exercised control of elections by nominating all county officials for the spring Democratic primary elections. While minority voters were still able to vote in the fall general elections, candidates supported by the White Men’s Associations had already won the earlier primaries, thus silencing black and Latino input into local elections.
Source: Long, Christopher. “White Man’s Union Associations.” Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed June 3, 2013.
The collection consists of one photographic print showing the Grimes County, Texas, White Man’s Association, a local political party, circa 1900.
This collection is open for research use.
Grimes County White Man’s Association Photograph, circa 1900, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
This collection was processed by Amy Bowman, June 2013.
Detailed Description of the Papers