Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Dolph Briscoe Sr., Papers, 1933-1954



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Briscoe, Dolph, Sr., 1890-1954
Title: Dolph Briscoe, Sr. Papers
Dates: 1933-1954
Abstract: Comprising business and financial records, correspondence, newspapers, trade publications, and clippings, the Dolph Briscoe, Sr., Papers, 1933-1954, document the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association and livestock industry as well as Briscoe’s ranching activities.
Accession No.: 2011-407
Extent: 15 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

The son of Judge Lee Adolphus and Lucy (Wade) Briscoe, Dolph Briscoe, Sr. was born in Fulshear, Texas, in 1890. Rather than attend university as his father wished, Briscoe turned to ranching, expanding his operation to Arkansas and Missouri. Economic downturns in 1921 and 1932 bankrupted Briscoe, though he continued to ranch in south Texas, eventually becoming the state’s largest landholders, controlling about a million acres worth an estimated $40 million. Briscoe earned recognition among ranchers for his successful crossbreeding programs, and, at the age of 41, became the youngest president-elect of the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association. During his tenure, he pushed for lower commissions and more field inspectors as well as protesting the weigh of cattle for intrastate shipments.

Briscoe married his cousin Georgie Briscoe in 1913; their son, Dolph Briscoe, Jr., served as governor of Texas from 1971 to 1979. Briscoe, Sr., passed away in 1954.

Source:

Lackman, Howard. "Briscoe, Dolph, Sr." Handbook of Texas Online Accessed January 27, 2012

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Scope and Contents

Comprising business and financial records, correspondence, newspapers, trade publications, and clippings, the Dolph Briscoe, Sr., Papers, 1933-1954, document the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association as well as the livestock industry. Correspondence is largely between Briscoe, TSCRA members, ranchers and ranching organizations as well as government officials discussing policies for the livestock industry during the Great Depression and Dust Bowl. Letters also relate to Briscoe’s business dealings. Newsletters include trade publications include American National Livestock Association newsletters as well as the American Cattle Producer. Business records document Briscoe’s business transactions, such as the selling of livestock, and the leasing of land.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Briscoe, Dolph, Sr., 1890-1954 -- Archives
Subjects (Organizations)
Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association -- History.
American National Livestock Association -- History.
Subjects
Cattle breeders -- Societies, etc. -- Texas.
Cattle trade -- Texas -- History.
Ranchers -- Texas -- Uvalde County.
Places
Texas.

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Related Material

See also Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association Records, 1877-1968

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Dolph Briscoe Sr., Papers, 1933-1954 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Ryder Kouba, January 2012.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
3K413 Uvalde newspapers, Lloyd's magazine, 1933-1934
Correspondence, March 1933-January 1934
Speeches, correspondence, newsletters, regarding ranching industry, 1953
box
2.325/U148 W. P. Briscoe, 1950-1951
Conoco Lease, 1944
City National Bank - Houston, 1941-1945
Texas Livestock Marketing Association, 1944-1953
National Finance Credit Corporation, 1947-1953
Claud B. Hamill, 1945
Ellsworth, 1947
T. P. Alger, 1947
Bache and Co., [stock receipts], 1937-1941
Leslie Brown, 1943-1954
U. S. Department of Argiculture, 1950-1954
Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association, 1952
box
2.325/V82 Trade newsletters, 1950-1951
"Santa Gertrudis Breeders International" newsletter, 1951-1954
Bache and Co. financial documents, 1945-1948
Power of attorney contracts
Hunting leases, 1948
San Antonio Livestock exposition, 1948
Invoices, 1948
Young - Australia, 1953
Soil conservation, 1946-1949
R. H. Harris Jr., contract, 1951

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