University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Thomas Martin Pool Papers, 1840-1927



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Pool, Thomas Martin, 1849-1927
Title: Pool, Thomas Martin, Papers
Dates: 1840-1927
Abstract: Composed of correspondence, account papers, legal documents, tax receipts, literary productions, personal checks, a stock certificate, a map, an account book/scrapbook, the Thomas Martin Pool Papers, 1840-1927, document the life of a successful rancher in Central Texas during the mid-19th century.
Extent: 2 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Born in Port Sullivan, Texas, Thomas Martin Pool (1849-1927) moved with his widowed mother to McLennan County at the age of four. Two years later, Pool’s mother died and he moved into the home of Lowry H. Scrutchfield and was educated at the Clifton Academy, the Rock Church School on Hog Creek, and Salado College. At Salado College, he courted Mellie Cutbirth, marrying her in 1874 and eventually fathering ten children. Pool was a successful rancher on a 2360-acre tract between Valley Mills and Clifton. Active in politics, Pool was a staunch Democrat and served as county commissioner for Valley Mills as well as a long-time board member for the Clifton Independent School District.

Source:

Pool, William C. "A History of Bosque County, Texas.' Faculty Publications - History. Paper 22. Accessed August 2, 2011.


Scope and Contents

Composed of correspondence, account papers, legal documents, tax receipts, literary productions, personal checks, a stock certificate, a map, an account book/scrapbook, the Thomas Martin Pool Papers, 1840-1927, document the life of a successful rancher in Central Texas during the mid-19th century. Correspondence includes love letters to Mellie Cutbirth, personal letters from family members, and business correspondence related to ranching and stocks. State and county tax receipts, checks, and an account book document the financial status of his ranch, while legal documents relate to his election as county commissioner and the use of his land by the Gulf Colorado & Santa Fe Railway Company. Literary productions consist of poems written by Pool; a map depicts the Clifton Independent School District; and a stock certificate shows Pool’s ownership in the Alabama Telephone and Telegraph Company.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Pool, Thomas Martin, 1849-1927 -- Archives
Cutbirth, Mellie, 1851-1946
Subjects (Organizations)
Alabama Telephone and Telegraph Company
Subjects
Ranching -- Texas
School districts -- Texas -- Bosque County
Places
Texas -- Commerce
Bosque County (Tex.)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Thomas Martin Pool Papers, 1840-1927, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2F321 Letters, 1852-1926
Legal documents, 1876-1884
State and county tax receipts, 1840-1911
Personal notes and checks, 1840-1911
Literary productions, 1857-1925
Account scrapbook, 1868-1917