Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the John D. Rockefeller, Sr. Collection, 1808-



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1839-1937
Title: John D. Rockefeller, Sr. Collection
Dates: 1875, 1908-1923
Abstract: Correspondence, telegrams, and photographs comprise the John D., Rockefeller, Sr. Collection, 1908-1923, documenting Rockefeller’s correspondence with Henry S. Davis, a long-time acquaintance and perhaps an early employee of Standard Oil.
Accession No.: 2011-151, 2012-295
OCLC No.:
Extent: 1/4 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin

Biographical/Historical Note

John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) was born in Richford, New York to William Avery Rockefeller and Eliza Davison. In 1853, he moved with his family to Cleveland, Ohio where he studied bookkeeping. With partner Maurice B. Clark, Rockefeller built an oil refinery in 1863 and bought out his partner two years later. In 1864, he married Laura Celestia “Cettie” Spelman, with whom he had four children. Two years later, Rockefeller joined his brother William to establish Rockefeller, Andrews, & Flagler, which was at that time the largest oil refinery in the world. In 1870, Rockefeller’s company was renamed Standard Oil, and incorporated numerous competing oil competitors throughout the 1870s. In order to more efficiently manage his growing business interests, Rockefeller became the founder, chairman and major shareholder of Standard Oil Trust, a conglomerate of forty-one separate companies. Standard Oil’s nearly complete control of oil refining and marketing by the end of the 1870s resulted in accusations of monopoly and the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission and Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890.

Rockefeller was an active philanthropist, who gave regularly causes relating to higher education, including the establishment of Spelman College and the University of Chicago; medical science; and the Northern Baptist Church. In 1913, he created the Rockefeller Foundation, a private philanthropic organization.

Source: John D. Rockefeller Biography. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Accessed August 1, 2011.http://www.notablebiographies.com/Pu-Ro/Rockefeller-John-D.html.

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Scope and Contents

Correspondence, telegrams, and photographs comprise the John D. Rockefeller, Sr. Collection, 1908-1923, documenting Rockefeller’s correspondence with Henry S. Davis, a long-time acquaintance and perhaps an early employee of Standard Oil. Letters concern the death of Rockefeller’s wife Cettie in 1915, Rockefeller’s birthday (1916 and 1922), the death of his brother William in 1922, and the destruction of Rockefeller’s Cleveland home in 1917. Additionally, the collection includes a secretarial letter to Davis (1908), two telegrams to the Davis family (1923), and three photographs of Davis.

Also included are two leases and a stock agreement made between the Central Association and Fairfield McCray and Co., Petroleum Center, PA, signed by Rockefeller as president of the Central Association of Refiners, an organization of leading refiners formed in 1875.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1839-1937 -- Archives.
Davis, Henry S., 1829-1923
Rockefeller family.
Subjects (Organizations)
Standard Oil Company.
Standard Oil Trust

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

John D. Rockefeller, Sr. Collection, 1875, 1908-1923, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Evan Usler, August 2011.Revised by Stefanie Lapka, January 2013.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
4B414 Stock agreement and leases, 1875
Correspondence, telegrams, photographs, 1908-1923

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