A Guide to the Juan Domínguez de Mendoza Diary, 1683-1684
Born in 1631, Juan Domínguez de Mendoza likely viewed more of the Texas plains than any previous Spanish explorer. Mendoza accompanied Diego de Guadalajara’s expedition from Santa Fe to the juncture of the Concho River near present-day San Angelo, however, little else about the expedition is known. He later served as lieutenant general and maestre de campo in New Mexico, where Mendoza was instrumental in countering the Pueblo Indian revolt of 1680, though eventually the Spaniards were forced to withdraw to the El Paso area. Three years later, Mendoza and Fray Nicolás López began an expedition to establish trade, found missions, and explore new territory. The group eventually reached the San Clemente River, where they spent six weeks. However, the location of the river and the route that Mendoza took has remained controversial. Mendoza returned to El Paso intending to settle more missions, but Indian revolts prevented this.
The Juan Domínguez de Mendoza Diary, 1683-1684, consists of a Photostat copy of Mendoza’s diary detailing the expedition to the San Clemente River.
This collection is open for research use.
Juan Domínguez de Mendoza Diary, 1683-1684, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers