A Guide to the Anthony F. Lucas Scrapbook, 1953
Born to Francis Stephen Luchich and Giovanna Giovanizo in Austria, Anthony Francis Lucas (1855-1921) attended the Polytechnic Institute in Graz before enlisting in the Austrian Naval Academy around 1875. In 1879, he left the academy and immigrated to the United States, where he eventually settled in Washington, D. C. Eight years later, Lucas married Caroline Weed Fitzgerald, with whom he had one son. Following his work as a mechanical and mining engineer at various gold and salt mines, he became an authority on the formation of salt deposits and domes on the Gulf Coast. In 1899, Lucas was hired as a drilling contractor by Pattillo Higgins and given permission to drill at Spindletop near Beaumont, Texas. Convinced that salt domes harbored oil wells, he persisted drilling until harnessing the Spindletop oilfield in 1901. Following Lucas’ success, he acted as a consultant throughout the United States as well as Europe and Russia.
Wooster, Robert. "Lucas, Anthony Francis."Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed July 8, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flu04.
Three bound typescripts compose the Anthony F. Lucas Scrapbook, 1953, chronicling his career as a drilling contractor and engineer. The scrapbook contains excerpts of articles and newspaper clippings concerning various oil fields throughout Texas as well as the activities of oil companies. Additionally, the scrapbook discusses the oil fields and drilling in other locations, such as Russia, Japan, and California.
This collection is open for research use.
Anthony F. Lucas Scrapbook, 1953, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers