A Guide to the Ku Klux Klan Scrapbook, [ca. 1918-1937]
Following its establishment in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1866, the Ku Klux Klan gained notoriety and visibility in Texas as a discriminatory and vigilant political organization during the Reconstruction era. Organized by Roger Q. Mills, it focused much of its activity in the northeast part of the state until its brief decline in 1869, due to efforts of state police. Around World War I, the Klan resurged, becoming prominent in Dallas, Fort Worth, and Wichita Falls, among other places, and counting approximately 100,000 members by 1922. In addition to African Americans, the organization targeted and discriminated against Jews and Catholics as well as New Deal politicians and labor organizers. In 1928, Klan membership decreased to 2500 members, and did not become an active presence in Texas again until it responded to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Anti-Klan legislation and FBI involvement contained the organization’s movements, however, forcing the Klan to split into several subgroups. Despite a brief revival of Ku Klux Klan activities during the 1980s and 1990s, it has continued to decline in Texas in the latter part of the 20th century.
Long, Christopher. "Ku Klux Klan."Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed June 30, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/vek02.
Composed of newspaper clippings, the Ku Klux Klan Scrapbook, [ca. 1918-1937], documents the activities of the Ku Klux Klan in Texas during the early 20th century. Clippings consist of articles on protests, parades, legal cases, and political responses to the Klan. Additionally, articles on prominent members of the organization are included.
This collection is open for research use.
Ku Klux Klan Scrapbook, [ca. 1918-1937], Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers