A Guide to the John Hemphill Letter, 1861
Born to John Hemphill and Jane Lind in Blackstock, South Carolina, John Hemphill (1803-1862) graduated from Jefferson College in 1825. Four years later, Hemphill studied law in Columbia, South Carolina, and founded his own law practice. Following his admission to practice law in the Court of Chancery and serving in the Seminole War as a lieutenant, he moved to Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, in 1838. In addition to establishing a law practice, Hemphill was appointed judge of the Fourth Judicial District and associate justice of the Republic of Texas Supreme Court two years later. In 1846, he was elected a chief justice, a position he held again in 1851 and 1856. As Sam Houston’s replacement in the Texas Senate in 1859, Hemphill supported the secession of southern states during the Civil War and became a delegate to the Provisional Confederate Congress. In November 1861, he was elected to the First Regular Congress, but died three months later and was buried in Austin.
Cutrer, Thomas W. "Hemphill, John."Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed June 7, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhe13.
Written to Robert Toombs, the John Hemphill Letter, 1861, discusses his recommendation that two Texans, John F. O’Brien and Felix Robertson, join the Confederate Army.
This collection is open for research use.
John Hemphill Letter, 1861, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers