Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Spindletop Oilfield Collection, 1855, 1886-1932



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Spindletop Oilfield Collection
Title: Spindletop Oilfield Collection
Dates: 1855, 1886-1932
Abstract: Contracts, letters, stock certificates, deeds, tax documents, and a map comprise the Spindletop Oilfield Collection, 1855, 1886-1932, relating to the first Texas oil boom.
Accession No.: 2011-126
OCLC No.:
Extent: 1 1/2 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

Discovered in Beaumont, Texas in January 1901, the Spindletop salt dome oilfield became the most productive oilfield in the world at that time and marked the beginning of the modern oil industry. Exploratory drilling began in 1892 by the Gladys City Oil, Gas, and Manufacturing Company, which met numerous unsuccessful attempts until hitting oil in 1901. The geyser, the first major gusher of the Texas Oil Boom, expelled an estimated 100,000 barrels a day. As a result, land prices in Beaumont skyrocketed and its population dramatically rose. By 1985, over 153,000,000 barrels of oil had been produced from the Spindletop oilfield.

Source: Wooster, Robert, and Christine Moor Sanders, “Spindletop Oilfield.” Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed on May 10, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/dos03.

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Scope and Contents

Contracts, letters, stock certificates, deeds, tax documents, and a map comprise the Spindletop Oilfield Collection, 1855, 1886-1932, relating to the first Texas oil boom. The collection includes several contracts (1901-1902) for Robert L. Cox’s company to sell land and flowing oil wells on Spindletop, some stipulating that oil was to be guaranteed at three cents per barrel. Additionally, an early hand-drawn map (1855) details a 25-acre tract of land near Spindletop.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Cox, Robert L.
Subjects
Oil and gas leases -- Texas -- History.
Oil fields -- Texas -- Maps.
Oil fields -- Texas -- History.
Oil well drilling -- Finance -- Law and legislation -- Texas.
Oil well drilling -- Texas -- History.
Places
Spindletop Oil Field (Beaumont, Tex.)
Beaumont (Tex.) -- History.
Beaumont (Tex.) -- Maps.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Spindletop Oilfield Collection, 1855, 1886-1932, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection processed by Evan Usler, May 2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
4A461a Contracts, letters, stock certificates, deeds, tax documents, 1886-1932
box
2.325/D4a Hand-drawn map (oversize), 1855

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