A Guide to the Andrew Neill Papers, 1825-1874
Born in Scotland, attorney Andrew Neill (1813-1883) studied law in Willsburg, West Virginia. After a serving as a probate judge in Mississippi, he moved to Texas in 1836. As a captain in the Texas Army during the Republic of Texas, Neill participated in an 1842 expedition against Rafael Vásquez and was later captured by General Adrián Woll and taken to Mexico. Neill escaped, returning to Texas by the next January, and married Agnes Nancy Brown in 1844. During the Civil War, he served in the Confederate Army as a lieutenant colonel under W.P. Lane in the 2nd Texas Cavalry, better known as the First Texas Partisan Rangers, and in Company B of the 9th Texas Infantry, better known as the Galveston Guards. Agnes died in 1867, and the next year Neill married Virginia Wright Chapman, with whom he had two children. The family later moved to Austin, where they inhabited the Neill-Cochran House, now a museum.
"Neill, Andrew."Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed February 16, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fne09.
Composed of correspondence and memoranda, legal and financial documents, military records, survey maps, printed material, and a photograph, the Andrew Neill Papers, 1825-1874, document the legal and military career of Neill in Texas and the southern United States. Legal documents, 1825-1874, illuminate his work on land claims and other activities and include deeds, petitions, contracts, land grants, a court injunction, bonds, licenses, oaths, and affidavits. Financial documents, 1834-1849, consist of receipts, account papers, promissory notes, an order for supplies, bills, and orders of payment. The military records, 1836-1864, include muster rolls, certificates, commissions, broadsides, a special order, service claims, and a secession resolution. Printed materials, 1828-1866, include broadsides, newspapers, an 1841 ticket, lists, and a map of Seguin. Additionally, the collection includes correspondence and memoranda, 1839-1846; notes, 1837-1844; survey maps, 1838; and a photograph of attorney S. M. Blair, [ca. 1870].
This collection is open for research use.
Andrew Neill Papers, 1825-1874, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers