A Guide to the Addison L. Lincecum Papers, 1908-1965
Born in Washington County, Texas, Addison L. Lincecum (1874-1965) graduated with the first class of Baylor University Medical School in 1903. For most of his life, Lincecum practiced medicine in El Campo, where he lived with his wife Letha Gandy Lincecum and their three children. During the Spanish-American War, he served with Teddy Roosevelt’s Rough Riders, and he fought Pancho Villa’s encroachments on the Texas border as a Texas Ranger in the 1910s. In World War I, Lincecum served as a combat surgeon in France, participating in the Meuse-Argonne and Saint-Mihiel campaigns. Upon returning to the states, he founded and served as first commander for an American Legion Post at El Campo. In 1920, at the outbreak of bubonic plague, Governor James E. Ferguson sent Lincecum to Galveston, later appointing him to the State Board of Health. Lincecum also served one term as mayor of El Campo (1932), acted as the town’s postmaster (1935-1949), and established (1939) and superintended the Nightingale Hospital for 10 years. Additionally, Lincecum became a reporter and commentator for the El Campo radio station KULP at the age of 80.
Correspondence, a daily journal, literary productions, membership cards, clippings, a scrapbook, and photographs compose the Addison L. Lincecum Papers, 1908-1965, which document Lincecum’s career and family. The majority of the papers relate to Lincecum’s work as a combat surgeon in France during World War I, including letters from Lincecum to his wife Letha Grady Lincecum and a scrapbook of picture postcards. Reminiscences and a journal reflect the whole of his career as a doctor, including practice in El Campo and around Texas. Radio scripts document Lincecum’s work as a broadcast reporter and commentator for KULP late in life, and the newspaper clippings are obituaries for Lincecum. Letha’s correspondence with family and friends discusses illnesses, domestic matters, and race relations. Nearly all of the membership cards also belonged to Letha, documenting her affiliation with the Grand Chapter of Texas, Order of the Eastern Star; American Legion; and American Red Cross as well as Addison’s membership to the Oak Cliff Lodge in Dallas. Three photographs depict Letha as an old woman and Addison in middle age. Additional items include a cutout silhouette, an address, and a list.
This collection is open for research use.
Addison L. Lincecum Papers, 1908-1965, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
This collection processed by Kathy Herzik, Jean Difloe, and Julia Payne, 1981.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers