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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Jean L’Archevêque Items, 1684-1685, [ca. 1690]



Descriptive Summary

Creator: L’Archevêque, Jean, 1672-1720
Title: L’Archevêque, Jean, Items
Dates: 1684-1685, [ca. 1690]
Abstract: Comprised of correspondence, journal entries, and a drawing, the Jean L’Archevêque Collection, 1684-1685, [ca. 1690], documents L’Archevêque’s experiences during his expedition to America with Robert de La Salle.
Accession No.: 66-072
Extent: 9 items
Language: Materials are written in French and English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Born in Bayonne, France, explorer, soldier, and trader Jean L’Archevêque (1672-1720) was the son of Claude L’Archevêque and Marie d’Armagnac. While still a boy, L’Archevêque became a member of Robert de La Salle’s expedition to the Mississippi River in 1684. On February 20, 1685, the expedition erroneously landed at Matagorda Bay on the Texas coast. Following the murder of La Salle by a member of the expedition, L’Archevêque and several others lived with the Hasinai tribe for four years before requesting refuge with Spanish explorer Alonso De León. Imprisoned for approximately two and half years, L’Archevêque was released after swearing allegiance to the Spanish crown, and was permitted to return to America in 1694. Settling in Santa Fe, New Mexico, as a soldier and a scout, L’Archevêque married Antonia Gutiérrez (d. 1701), with whom he had two children. In addition, L’Archevêque fathered two illegitimate children. After retiring from the military, he gained wealth as a trader in the region. In 1720, L’Archevêque accompanied an expedition against the Pawnee tribe, during which he was killed in a surprise attack.

Source:

Blake, Robert Bruce. "L’Archeveque, Jean."Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed January 28, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flabc.

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Scope and Contents

Comprised of correspondence, journal entries, and a drawing, the Jean L’Archevêque Collection, 1684-1685, [ca. 1690], documents L’Archevêque’s experiences during his expedition to America with Robert de La Salle. The collection includes four Photostats of journal entries written in French (1684-1685) and of a drawing of a ship. Correspondence consists of a typescript with accompanying translation of a letter written by L’Archevêque to an unknown Spaniard requesting rescue from captivity with the Hasinai tribe (ca. 1690).

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
De León, Alonso, ca. 1639-1691
Hatcher, Mattie Austin
Jameson, J. Franklin
L’Archevêque, Jean, 1672-1720 -- Archives
La Salle, Robert Cavelier, sieur de, 1643-1687
Subjects
Indians of North America -- Texas -- History -- 18th century
Ocean travel -- History -- 17th century
Places
Bayonne (France) -- History -- 17th century
New Spain -- History -- 17th century
Texas -- Discovery and exploration -- French -- History -- 17th century
Texas -- History -- 17th century

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Related Material

Original manuscripts are located at the Archivo General de Indias in Seville, Spain

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Jean L’Archevêque Items, 1684-1685, [ca. 1690], Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by W.H. Richter, August 1966.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2D89 Photostats, typescripts, and correspondence, 1684-1685, [ca. 1690]

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