A Guide to the Martha Washington Harpold Scrapbook, 1888-1892, 1934
Born in Shelbyville, Texas, Martha Washington Crawford Harpold (1852-1934) was the daughter of William C. and Rhoda (Watkins) Crawford. In 1859, Harpold moved with her family to Pittsburg, Texas, where she worked as postmistress until her marriage to Clay Harpold (1849-1933) in 1876. The couple had five children together, three of whom died in infancy. Traveling widely with her husband, who was employed in the railroad industry, Harpold also worked as an immigration agent and literary writer for the Fort Worth and Albuquerque Railroad. Writing under several pen names, including "Mother Jones,""M.W. Hardtoil," and "Irene Halstead," Harpold was also a contributor to several Texas periodicals and a charter member of the Texas Woman’s Press Association. Irene, Texas, is said to be named in her honor.
Consisting of newspaper and magazine clippings, the Martha Washington Harpold Scrapbook, 1888-1892, 1934, documents the writing career of Harpold while living in Clarendon, Texas. Articles in the scrapbook discuss life in the Panhandle region, political and social issues affecting women in Texas, book reviews, and the construction of railroads in new cities and regions, among other topics (1888-1892). The scrapbook also contains Harpold’s obituary (1934).
This collection is open for research use.
Martha Washington Harpold Scrapbook, 1888-1892, 1934, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers