A Guide to the John Creaton Reminiscences, 1929-1932
John Creaton (b. 1856) was born near Brusby Creek about seven miles from Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Creaton’s father was a soldier, killed during the Civil War. Following the War, his mother married Captain Richey, a cavalry officer who was transferred to Fort Griffin, Texas, in 1869. Creaton, his mother, and his sister Ida moved with Richey to Texas. In 1874, Creaton became a scout for the United States 4th Cavalry Regiment led by Colonel Ranald MacKenzie (1840-1889) during the Indian Wars. During his service, the regiment moved to Jacksboro, Texas, and Fort Sill, Oklahoma. In 1881, Creaton accepted a position at Fort Duncan near Eagle Pass, Texas. On October 13, 1886, he married Matilde Theresa Sutor, with whom he had two children, though only his son LeRoy Bates Creaton (1895-1918) survived into adulthood. LeRoy Creaton attended the University of Texas at Austin and he fought in 168th Infantry 42nd Division (the Rainbow Division) during World War I. He was killed in action on July 28, 1918.
The John Creaton Reminiscences, 1929-1932, describe Creaton’s experiences as a child witnessing the Civil War in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and his subsequent move with his family to Fort Griffin, Texas. Ruminating on his enlistment in the 4th Cavalry Regiment at Jacksboro and Fort Sill, Creaton discusses his confrontations with Native American tribes, including the Comanche, Kiowa, and Seminole. He also mentions his encounters with Native American chiefs Santana, Big Tree, and Satank. In addition, Creaton describes life in the border town of Eagle Pass as well as travel to Fort Union, New Mexico. The collection contains two typescripts of his reminiscences.
This collection is open for research use.
John Creaton Reminiscences, 1929-1932, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers