A Guide to the Juan José de Andrade Items
Juan José de Andrade served as a brigadier in the Mexican Army during the Texas Revolution. In March 1836, General Antonio López de Santa Anna left Andrade in charge of San Antonio de Béxar. When Vicente Filisola took command of the Mexican Army, he ordered Andrade to evacuate the city in April 1836. After the evacuation, the Mexican government and José de Urrea, Filisola’s successor in the Mexican Army who had opposed the retreat, questioned Andrade about the evacuation, which prompted Andrade to publish several letters and reports to prove he was ordered to retreat and not to stay, as Urrea believed. These items were published as Documentos Que el General Andrade Publica Sobre la Evacuacion de la Ciudad de San Antonio de Bejar, del Departamento de Tejas a sus Compatriotas, translated as Documents Published by Juan Jose de Andrade about the Evacuation of San Antonio de Bejar and printed in 1836.
The Juan José de Andrade Items, 1836, 1936, consists of handwritten and typewritten English translations from 1936 of Documentos Que el General Andrade Publica Sobre la Evacuacion de la Ciudad de San Antonio de Bejar, del Departamento de Tejas a sus Compatriotas, 1836. The letters and reports discuss why Andrade evacuated San Antonio de Béxar and counter charges from the Mexican government and Mexican Army commander José de Urrea that Andrade was ordered to stay in place.
This collection is open for research use.
Juan José de Andrade Items, 1836, 1936, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
This collection was processed by Frances Rodgers, March 1975.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers