A Guide to the Mier Archives, 1767-1864
Mier is a small city in the state of Tamaulipas, located in northern Mexico near the Rio Grande and the border of Texas. In 1842, the town was the site of a bloody battle between raiding Texas civilians, known as the Mier Expedition, and Mexican troops. Over 200 Texans surrendered and were taken prisoner. After an escape attempt, President Antonio López de Santa Anna ordered the execution of one out of ten of the remaining 176 Texans, who drew beans from a jar to determine their fate. Black beans signified death, causing the event to be called the “Black Bean Episode.”
Texas State Library and Archives Commission. “The Mier Expedition.” TSLAC. (accessed October 15, 2010).
The Mier Archives, 1767-1864, document births, marriages, and deaths in Mier, Mexico, through photostats of city baptism, marriage, and death registers.
This collection is open for research use.
Mier Archives, 1767-1864, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
This collection was processed by Ruth Lounsbury, 1973.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers