University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Macario Garcia Papers, 1940-1993



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Garcia, Macario, 1920-1972
Title: Garcia, Macario, Papers
Dates: 1940-1993
Abstract: The Macario Garcia Papers, 1940-1993, contain photocopies of newspaper clippings, official military records and medical files, citations, history of the Medal of Honor, and history of the Fourth Infantry Division relating to the career of Sgt. Macario Garcia.
Accession No.: 2007-222
Extent: 3 in.
Language: Materials are written in English and Spanish.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Winner of the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions in World War II, Macario Garcia was born in Villa de Castaño, Mexico, and later settled in Sugar Land, Texas. The U.S. Army drafted Garcia in 1942. On November 27, 1944, near Grosshau, Germany, he single-handedly assaulted two German machine gun emplacements that were blocking his company's advance. Wounded in the shoulder and foot, he crawled forward alone toward the machine-gun nests, killed six enemy soldiers, captured four, and destroyed the nests with grenades. Only after the company had secured its position did Garcia allow himself to be evacuated for medical treatment.

President Harry S. Truman awarded Garcia the Medal of Honor at a White House ceremony on August 23, 1945. Garcia also received the Purple Heart, the Bronze Star, and the Combat Infantryman's Badge, as well as the medal of Mérito Militar, the Mexican equivalent to the Medal of Honor, during a ceremony in Mexico City on January 8, 1946.

Source:

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v."Garcia, Macario," http://207.200.58.4/handbook/online/articles/GG/fga76.html(accessed October 4, 2010).


Scope and Contents

The Macario Garcia Papers, 1940-1993, contain photocopies of newspaper clippings, official military records and medical files, citations, history of the Medal of Honor, and history of the Fourth Infantry Division relating to the career of Sgt. Macario Garcia. Several photographs depict Garcia, including one of him wearing the Medal of Honor.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
DeLay, Thomas D., 1947-
Garcia, Macario, 1920-1972--Archives
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973.
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963.
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994.
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
Subjects (Organizations)
National Personnel Records Center (U.S.)
Unites States.Army
United States.Congress.House
United States.Dept. of Defense
White House Administrative Office (U.S.)
Subjects
Medal of Honor
Mexican American military personnel
Purple Heart
World War, 1939-1945
Places
Fort Hood (Tex.)
Fort Bend County (Tex.)
Fort Sam Houston (Tex.)
Grosshau (Germany)
Houston (Tex.)
Richmond (Tex.)
Sugar Land (Tex.)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Macario Garcia Papers, 1940-1993, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2.325/J29 Official military records and medical files, 1940-1992,
box
2.235/J29 Newspaper clippings, 1944-1993,
History of the Medal of Honor and the 4th Infantry, 1993.
box
2K 256 Restricted.