A Guide to the Dallas Morning News Phil Gramm Papers, 1988-1993
In 1993, two former aides of United States Senator Phil Gramm provided the Dallas Morning News with confidential memos and documents from Gramm’s 1990 reelection campaign. These documents form the basis of a two-day series of five articles by Richard Whittle, which appeared on July 25 and 26, 1993, in the Dallas Morning News. The articles concern Gramm’s misuse of taxpayer money during his campaign, such as using Senate-paid staff for campaign activities and designating campaign media events as Senate-related activities
William Philip (Phil) Gramm, U.S. Congressman and Senator, was born in Fort Benning, Georgia, on July 8, 1942. Gramm graduated from the University of Georgia with a bachelor’s degree in 1964 and a doctorate in 1967. He taught economics at Texas A&M University from 1967 to 1978, leaving upon his election as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1978. In 1983, he resigned after being thrown off the House Budget Committee for supporting President Reagan’s tax cuts. Running as a Republican, Gramm won the special election for his own vacated seat in February 1983. He sat in the House of Representatives until 1985 when he was elected to the United States Senate. As a Republican Senator, Gramm won reelection in 1990 and 1996 before resigning in 2002. Furthermore, he ran for President in 1996, withdrawing before the New Hampshire primary and throwing his support to Senator Robert Dole. While a senator, Gramm spearheaded the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999, which allowed commercial banks, investment banks, securities firms, and insurance companies to consolidate. From 2007 until the summer of 2008, he served as a senior economic advisor and co-chair on Senator John McCain’s presidential campaign. Gramm stepped down in July 2008 after making controversial statements about the economic crisis of 2008. He is married to economist Wendy Gramm; they have two sons.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. “Gramm, William Philip (Phil).” Library of Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000365 (accessed August 11, 2010).
Government Printing Office. “Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.” Government Printing Office. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ102.106 (accessed August 11, 2010).
The Dallas Morning News Phil Gramm Papers, 1988-1993, consist of internal campaign documents, reports, and memoranda generated for Gramm's 1990 Senate reelection campaign. The documents include the campaign’s standard operating procedure for handling the media, briefing papers and schedules for Gramm’s various public appearances in Texas, the campaign staff handbook, a legislative presentation from 1990, and the San Antonio Strategic Plan. The papers contain various reports, such as Chief of Staff Ruth Cymber’s end of the year report from 1989 and Gramm’s annual scheduling report from 1988. A small portion of the papers focuses on the involvement of Gramm’s wife, Wendy, with the campaign while she was chairman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Additionally, Richard Whittle gathered key documents and supplemental material into binders during the preparation of his Dallas Morning News articles in 1993. Photocopies of Whittle’s articles, which question Gramm’s use of Senate resources in his 1990 reelection campaign, also reside in the papers.
The collection is open for research use.
Dallas Morning News Phil Gramm Papers, 1988-1993, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers