University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Richard Yarborough Collection, 1849-1986



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Yarborough, Richard W.
Title: Yarborough, Richard, Collection
Dates: 1849-1986
Abstract: The Richard Yarborough Collection, 1849-1986, relates to claims and lawsuits brought before the Indian Claims Commission during Yarborough’s service as commissioner. The primary component of the collection, the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana case records concerns their lawsuit, Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana et al. versus United States; the history of the Alabama-Coushatta Indians of Louisiana; and other Native American tribes in the southeastern United States. The collection consists of original correspondence, ledgers, and a broadside as well as photocopies of correspondence, legal materials, dockets, printed materials, maps, and census records.
Accession No.: 88-331; 96-309
Extent: 7 ft., 3 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Son of Senator Ralph and Opal Yarborough, Richard W. "Dick" Yarborough (1931-1986) graduated from the University of Texas at Austin (UT) with a bachelors degree in anthropology in 1953 and a law degree in 1955. Upon graduation from the UT Law School, he served in Germany with the U.S. Army for two years, and in 1956 he married Ann Graham McJimsey, with whom he had three children: Claire McJimsey, Elizabeth Warren, and Jefferson Buchanan. After returning to Austin, he practiced law for two years, before working for his father in the U.S. Senate as a legislative assistant and committee counsel from 1958 to 1967.

In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Yarborough to the Indian Claims Commission (ICC), established in 1946 by the federal government to hear claims of Native American tribes against the United States. The ICC heard claims and awarded financial compensation for loss of land and other grievances, which resulted from broken treaties with the tribes. Yarborough created the first map printed to depict Indian land areas established by U.S. courts, and his service on the commission, fighting for the rights of Native Americans, earned him the respect and admiration of the Indian tribes he helped.

When the ICC adjourned in 1978, Yarborough became chairman of the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, which provided recommendations to the State Department regarding the recovery of private claims against foreign governments, and served there until his retirement in 1981. After his death from a sudden strep infection combined with complications with arthritis in 1986, the UT Law School established the Richard W. Yarborough Native American Indian Scholarship.

In 1988, the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana, through Professor Hans Baade of the UT Law School, donated materials from their ICC claims case, Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana et al. versus United States, to the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History in Richard Yarborough’s honor. The tribe brought suit against the federal government through the Indian Claims Commission. Yarborough’s support for the Coushatta Tribe helped them gain federal recognition in 1973 and monetary compensation from the U.S. in 1988.

Sources:

Richard Yarborough Collection, 1849-1986, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana. "Red Shoe’s People – A History of the Sovereign Nation of the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana." Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana. http://www.coushatta.org/history.html (accessed August 6, 2010).

Thompson, Randy V., and Brandon Thompson. "50 Years Past the Deadline…Why Are Indian Tribes Still Suing Over Ancient Treaties?" Citizens Equal Rights Alliance. http://www.citizensalliance.org /links/pages/articles and CERA news/Indian Claims Commission Article.htm (accessed August 5, 2010).


Scope and Contents

The Richard Yarborough Collection, 1849-1986, relates to claims and lawsuits brought before the Indian Claims Commission during Yarborough’s service as commissioner. The primary component of the collection, the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana case records concerns their lawsuit, Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana et al. versus United States; the history of the Alabama-Coushatta Indians of Louisiana; and other Native American tribes in the southeastern United States. The collection consists of original correspondence, ledgers, and a broadside as well as photocopies of correspondence, legal materials, dockets, printed materials, maps, and census records.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Yarborough, Richard W. – Archives.
Subjects (Organizations)
Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana.
United States. Indian Claims Commission.
Subjects
Indians of North America -- Claims.
Indians of North America -- Land tenure.
Places
United States.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Richard Yarborough Collection, 1849-1986, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory:

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4C754 Indian Claims Commission dockets, Vol. I-XIII, 1969-1971
Map and index of Indian land areas, 1978
"The Removal of the Texas Indians and the Founding of Fort Cobb," by Raymond Estep, Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoma City, 1961
Map 2, tribal locations
Documents and evidence and memorandums regarding Kiowa Comanche and Apache Tribes vs. United States of America before Indian Claims Commission, submitted by Roy Thompson, Jr., attorney for tribes
"The Lipan and Mescalero Apache in Texas," by Morris E. Opler, October 1970
"Data Relative of the Historical Locations of Certain Caddoan Tribes," by Robert W. Neuman
"Ethnological Report on the Chippewa Cree Tribe of the Rocky Boy Reservation, Montana, and the Little Shell Band of Indians," Docket No. 221-b, Indian Claims Commission, prepared by John C. Ewers, May 1, 1888
"Ethnohistorical Analysis of Documents Relating to the Apache Indians of Texas," by Verne F. Ray
"The Habitat and Range of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache Indians Before 1867," by Ernest Wallace, prepared for Docket No. 257
"History and Administration of the Tigua Indians of Ysleta del Sur During the Spanish Colonial Period," by Dr. Myra Ellen Jenkins
"Written Ethnological Report and Statement of Testimony for the Alabama-Coushatta Indians of Texas and the Coushatta Indians of Louisiana," by Daniel Jacobson
Before the Indian Claims Commission, Docket No. 226, summary statement of testimony, Dr. W.W. Newcomb, Jr., March 29, 1972
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4C755 Statements of Caddo Witness, Docket No. 226, 1969
Various witness statements and exhibits for Docket No. 226
"Memorandum concerning Proposal to Settle Claims of Kiowa, Comanche and Apache Tribes, Set out in Dockets 257, and 259A, Before the Indian Claims Commission for Total of $35,060,000," submitted by J. Roy Thompson, Tribal Claims Committee
"Caddoan Cultural Area: An Archaeological Perspective," by Don G. Wyckoff, 1971
"The Territory of the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma," by Helen Hornbeck Tanner, Docket No. 226, 1972
"Ethnohistorical Analysis of Documents Relating to the Alabama and Coushatta Tribe of the State of Texas," by Howard N. Martin Catalogs, brochures, publications
Dr. William S. Laughlin, letter with attachments to Commissioner Yarborough, concerning Dockets 352 and 369, January 14, 1977
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4C335 Bureau of Indian Affairs, file No. 18331, exhibit HA-39
Defendant's exhibit SB-1
Exhibits showing legal and legislative contacts between the Louisiana Coushattas and Federal Government from 1911-1941, exhibits L-1 to L-44
Exhibits showing contacts and connections of Alabama-Coushattas with Oklahoma, exhibits O-1 to O-20
Exhibits relating to notice of Indian Claims Act, exhibit N-1 to N-15
"Koasati Culture Change," dissertation Daniel Jacobson, exhibit MA-7, 8, G-12, 1954
"The Agent for Indian Affairs in the Territory of Orleans, (John Sibley) to the Secretary of War," abstract, 1807, exhibit G-1
Exhibits documenting aid assistance to Coushattas in Louisiana, exhibits A-1 to A-21
Report, "Investigation of Alleged Loss by Koasati Indians of Louisiana of Lands Acquired by Them Under Homestead Patents, 1941," exhibit K-37
Articles:
"The Indians of Louisiana in 1931," by Roy Nash, exhibit MA-1 and G-9
"The Origin of the Koasati Community of Louisiana," by Daniel Jacobson, exhibit G-13
"A Descriptive Study of the Speech of the Koasati Indians of Louisiana," thesis, Willye Maye Kyzer, exhibit G-11 1952
"A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma," by Muriel H. Wright, exhibit G-10
"History of the Louisiana Coushatta's?," exhibit MA-10
Appendix to Dr. James Downs' expert report, exhibit ER-1 to ER 50
"Survey of Conditions of the Indians of the United States, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Films," United States Senate, 70th-71st Congress, exhibit G-8, 1930
Typed copy of Indian census roll for Alabama-Coushatta Indians, exhibit MA-6, January 1944
Official voting lists, resident and non-resident, Alabama-Coushatta Indians, exhibit MA-3, 5, 1938-1939
"Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs," exhibit G-2, 1846
"Teacher's Report of Attendance of Indian Pupils of Public Schools," exhibit G-14, 1953
Trip reports of Paul Vance to consult with the Coushatta Indians of Elton, Louisiana, regarding the withdrawal of federal supervision over the affairs, exhibit MA-9 1953
Correspondence, exhibit K-38, 1911-1917
Petition, exhibit MA-4
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4C336 "Early History of the Creek Indians and Their Neighbors," by John R. Swanson, exhibit K-1
Exhibits documenting homestead patents and petitions for possession exhibits PR-1 to PR-48
"[illegible] Indians of Louisiana and Their Needs," exhibit G-15
"The Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana: 1981 Directory of Services," exhibit G-16
"Louisiana Governor's Commission on Indian Affairs: Annual Report," exhibit G-17, 1981-1982
"Indians of Louisiana," exhibit G-18
Letter to Secretary of Interior concerning H.R. 4453, exhibit G-19
Exhibits concerning the Constitution and By-laws of Alabama and Coushattas, exhibits G-20 to G-26
Report to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs by the Supervisor of the Kickapoo Training School, exhibit G-6
Roll of Alabama Indians in Texas, exhibit G-5
"Observations on the Indian Tribes in Texas," by William Bollaert, exhibit G-4
"Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs: 1849," exhibit G-3
"Alabama and Coushatta Indians of Texas: Hearings Before the Committee on Indian Affairs, House on Representatives, H.R. 5479," exhibit G-7
Exhibits relating to population of the Alabama and Coushatta Tribe, exhibits TR-1 to T-30
"A Long Trail to Christ, or How the Koasati Indians Were First Evangelized," by Rev. Leeds
Title Page of "The Raven: A Biography of Sam Houston," by Marquis James
Correspondence and Memoranda
"Report on Withdrawal Program--Coushatta Tribe"
Trial Documents:
The Lipan Apache Tribe, The Mescalero Apache Tribe, The Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation v. The United States of America
State of New Mexico v. L.T. Lewis et al., Supplemental Affidavit of New Mexico Legal History
Fulton Battise, Chief of the Tribal Council of the Alabama Coushatta Tribe of Texas, et al. v. The United States
The Alabama Coushatta Tribe of Texas, et al. v. United States of America
Exhibits showing social, work and cultural contacts between Texas and Louisiana Alabama-Coushatta Tribe, exhibits T-1 to T-22
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4C337 "Congressional Reference No. 3-83: Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana vs. United States: Expert Testimony," vol. 1-5
The Alabama Coushatta Tribe of Texas, et al. v. United States of American: A History of the Alabama and Coushatta (Koasati) Indians in Louisiana
Memorandum: "The Law Governing the Callihan-Vince Grant in Austin's Colony," by Hans W. Baade
Homestead Proofs, exhibits HA-1 to HA-38
Census Records, C-2 to C-12
"Report to the Commissioner of the General Land Office to the Secretary of the Interior," exhibits HA-41 to HA-42
"The Creek Frontier, 1540-1783," by David H. Corkran, exhibit K-2
"The Travels of William Bartram," exhibit K-3
"Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States," K-10
"The Territorial Papers of the United States, Volume IX: The Territory of Orleans, 1803-1912," compiled and edited by Clarence Edwin Carter, exhibit K-9
"The Royal Disappearance: A History of the Creek Indians," by Angie Debo, exhibit K-7
"The Opening of Texas to Foreign Settlement, 1801-1821," by Mattie Austin Hatcher, exhibit K-8
"The Indian Tribes of North America," by John R. Swanton, exhibit K-6
"The Indians of the Southeastern United States," by John R. Swanton, exhibit K-5
Maps, exhibit K-4
"Letters and Documents: Doctor John Sibley and the Louisiana-Texas Frontier, 1803-1814," by Julia Kathryn Garrett, exhibit K-15
"Indian Notes and Monographs," edited by F.W. Hodge, exhibit K-14
Needs and Claims of Coushatta Indians, exhibit K-39
Relations with the Government, exhibit K-40
Coushatta Lands, K-41
Articles:
"Dr. John Sibley of Natchitoches, 1757-1837," by G.P. Whittington, exhibit K-13
"Louisiana Land Titles Derived from Indian Tribes," by Henry P. Dart, exhibit K-12
"The Neutral Ground Between Louisiana and Texas,1806-1821," by J. Villasana Haggard, exhibit K-11
"Report on Population: 1870," exhibit K-33
"William Bollaert's Texas," edited by W. Eugene Hollow and Ruth Lapham Butler, exhibit K-32
"The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas," by Anna Muckleroy, exhibit K-31
"Statistical Report on Texas," by Juan N. Almonte, exhibit K-30
"History of the Indian Tribes of Texas," by M.M. Kenney, exhibit K-29
"Texas in 1820," translated by Mattie Austin Hatcher, exhibit K-28
"The Alabama Indians of Texas," by Harriet Smither," exhibit K-27
"The Opening of Texas Foreign Settlement," 1801-1821, by Mattie Austin Hatcher, exhibit K-26
"Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1919," exhibit K-25
"A History of the Caddo Indians," by William B. Glover, Exhibit K-24
"The Territorial Papers of the United States, Volume XIX: The Territory of Arkansas, 1819-1825," compiled and edited by Clarence Edwin Carter, exhibit K-23
"The Red River Branch of the Alabama-Coushatta Indians: An Ethnohistory," by Dan L. Flores, exhibit K-16
"Official Letter Books of W.C.C. Claiborne, 1801-1816," edited by Dunbar Rowland, exhibit K-17
"Jefferson and Southwestern Exploration," by Dan L. Flores, exhibit K-18
Letters received, Registered Series, exhibit K-22
A Report to the Secretary of War of the United States On Indian Affairs," by Jedediah Morse, exhibit K-20
"Louisiana History," edited by Jo Ann Carrigan, exhibit K-21
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4C338 The Alabama Coushatta Tribe of Texas, et al. v. United States of America:
Supplemental Exhibits, No. 153-163
Hearing Officer's Report
Brief on Exceptions to Hearing Officer's Report
Expert Reports
Direct Written Testimony of Professor Hans W. Baade
Written Testimony of James F. Downs
Defendant's Reply to Plaintiff's Response to Motion to Dismiss the Claims of the Alabama Coushatta Tribe of Texas
Coushatta Tribal Enrollment
Syllabus: South Carolina v. Catawba Indian Tribe of South Carolina
Memoranda and Correspondence
Complaint of Ernest Sickey
H.Res. 69
Indian Claims Commission Act
Stipulation No. 2-A
Opinion: Sioux Tribe v. United States
"Indian Law and Treaties in Texas, 1835-1846," by Stanley F. Joynton
Pretrial Statement of the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana
Pretrial Response to the Pretrial Claim of the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana
Proposed Revision of First Supplemental Complaint
Stipulations of settlement
Answer to the Complaint of the Alabama Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana
The Caddo Case v. The Downs Report, A Study in Opposites
Memorandum to Governor John Connally Concerning Cherokee Indian Claim Relating to Lands in Texas
A Compilation of Documents Pertaining to Indian Legal Rights in Spanish Louisiana
Suggested Congressional Relief for the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas and the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana
"The Administration of Indian Affairs in Louisiana, 1803-1820," by Joyce Purser
Petition for Recognition of the Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe in Compliance with 25 CFR Part 54
"A Young Lawyer of Natchitoches of 1836: The Diary of William S. Toumey," edited by J. Fair Hardin and Phanor Breazeale
Some highlights
Report of the Surveyor-General of Louisiana
"The Forgotten Frontier Army Posts of Western Louisiana," by J. Fair Hardin
"Some Notes on Slaveownership and Landownership in Louisiana, 1850-1860," by Harry L. Coles, Jr.
"the Red River Branch of the Alabama-Coushatta Indians: An Ethnohistory," by Dan L. Flores
"The Light of Dead Stars," by Donald Juneau
"Louisiana Land Titles Derived from Indian Tribes," by Henry P. Dart
"Northwestern Louisiana: A History of the Watershed of the Red River,1714-1937," by J. Fair Hardin
"An Outline of Shreveport and Caddo Parish History," by J. Fair Hardin
Navajo Tribe of Indians v. State of New Mexico, et al.
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4C339 "Report on the Tigua, Sumas and Mansos Indians of Texas," by Rex E. Gerald
"The Map Project," contains reports, memos, meeting reports and correspondence concerning the 'Map and Index of Indian Land Areas Judicially Established,' part of the final report of the U.S. Indian Claims Commission, 1978
General correspondence, 1968-1970
Direct written testimony of Dr. Daniel Jacobson
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2.325/K82 Oversize ledger pages and cartographic materials (photocopies) "Tribute to the Late Richard W. Yarborough," Hon. Henry B. Gonzales of Texas, U.S. House of Representatives, Congressional Record, November 6, 1986
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2.116/OD1223d Oversize ledger pages and cartographic materials (photocopies)