Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory:

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette, b. 1833.
Title: Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette, Papers
Dates: 1829-1918
Abstract: Correspondence and letterpresses, legal papers, receipts and drafts, and printed material comprise the Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918. The collection primarily concerns Thurmond’s land agent firm, Thurmond & Co., focusing on land recovery and location in Victoria, Dewitt, and Jackson counties. Furthermore, the correspondence and legal papers pertain to the sale of livestock, his general mercantile businesses, and Thurmond’s work as Victoria County tax collector and sheriff. Additional correspondence relate to other land agents and attorneys.
Accession No.: 1940; 1952
Extent: 3 ft., 4 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Born in Tennessee to John and Ann (Sturgis) Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette “Zip” Thurmond (b. 1833) joined his brother Alfred Sturgis Thurmond (1816-1873?) in Victoria, Texas, in the 1850s. In 1857, he married Maggie McGrew, with whom he had eleven children. Thurmond became a salesman for Jesse O. Wheeler and a businessman, operating a grocery store, general mercantile store, and ranch in Victoria, Goliad, and Brownsville. He also served as a U.S. marshal (1858-1861), Victoria County tax collector (1858-1865), and Victoria County sheriff (1874-1880; 1886-1892). With his son, C. L. Thurmond, Jr. in the 1850s, Thurmond established the land agent firm of Thurmond & Co., specializing in land location and recovery for out-of-state businessmen. The land agency became his primary focus after the Civil War, until his death, probably in the late 1890s or early 1900s.

Sources:

Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette,"http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/TT/fth39.html (accessed August 3, 2010).

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents

Correspondence and letterpresses, legal papers, receipts and drafts, and printed material comprise the Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918. The collection primarily concerns Thurmond’s land agent firm, Thurmond & Co., focusing on land recovery and location in Victoria, Dewitt, and Jackson counties. Furthermore, the correspondence and legal papers pertain to the sale of livestock, his general mercantile businesses, and Thurmond’s work as Victoria County tax collector and sheriff. Additional correspondence relate to other land agents and attorneys, including A. J. Cunningham, John McDougall of the Texas Land Agency of New Orleans, A. B. Peticolas, S. M. Scott, the Menefee family, A. P. Thurmond, and Alfred S. Thurmond. Materials consist of legal papers with deeds, agreements, field notes, powers of attorney; receipts and drafts with land transactions, tax documents, rent collections, and financial accounts; printed material with a wedding invitation, a brief, and blank forms; and business correspondence with correspondence, survey plats, promissory notes, a notebook, and genealogical material.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette, b. 1833 -- Archives.
Carleton, Frederick
Collett, J. H.
Cunningham, A. J.
Darden, Stephen H.
King, Horatio L.
Kleberg, Rudolph, 1847-1924
Kowalski, Benjamin
McDougall, John
Menefee, John Sutherland, 1813-1884
Menefee, Thomas, 1779-1858
Milner, Furnell M.
Peticolas, A. B. (Alfred Brown), 1838-1915
Rosenberg, W. v. (William von)
Russell, F. B.
Scott, S. M.
Silliman, C. H.
Sims, Henry A.
Thurmond, A. P.
Thurmond, Alfred Sturgis, 1816-1873?
Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette, Jr.
Webb, J. P.
Wheeler, Jesse Obadiah, 1813-1867
Subjects (Organizations)
Brawnson & Sibley
Ellis & Mullally
Thurmond & Co.
Thurmond & Lowe
Subjects
Sheriffs -- Texas -- Victoria County.
Real estate agents -- Texas.
Tax collection -- Texas -- Victoria County.
Grocery trade -- Texas.
Mercantile system -- Texas.
Places
Little Rock (Ark.) -- History -- Sources.
Austin (Tex.) -- History -- Sources.
Dewitt County (Tex.) -- History -- Sources.
Jackson County (Tex.) -- History -- Sources.
Victoria (Tex.) -- History -- Sources.

Return to the Table of Contents


Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Map Collection.

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Revisions were made by Larry Cook, July 1983.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011.

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory:

box
2H30 Business correspondence:
January 1849-June 1884
box
2H31 July 1884-December 1885
box
2H32 January 1886-May 1887
box
2H33 June 1887-May 1889, January 1893-July 1918, undated
Fragments
box
3H34 Legal papers, 1834-1898
Receipts and drafts, 1829-1897
Printed material, 1885-1911, undated
box
3H35 Letter presses:
August 1884 - September 1885
May 1884 - February 1885
February-November 1885
November 1885 - June 1886
November 1885 - August 1887
box
3H36 June 1886 - April 1887
April 1887 - November 1887
November 1887 - November 1888
December 1888 - December 1889
box
3H37 August 1883 - August 1889
December 1889 - February 1893
June 1918 - August 1918

Return to the Table of Contents