A Guide to the Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918
Born in Tennessee to John and Ann (Sturgis) Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette “Zip” Thurmond (b. 1833) joined his brother Alfred Sturgis Thurmond (1816-1873?) in Victoria, Texas, in the 1850s. In 1857, he married Maggie McGrew, with whom he had eleven children. Thurmond became a salesman for Jesse O. Wheeler and a businessman, operating a grocery store, general mercantile store, and ranch in Victoria, Goliad, and Brownsville. He also served as a U.S. marshal (1858-1861), Victoria County tax collector (1858-1865), and Victoria County sheriff (1874-1880; 1886-1892). With his son, C. L. Thurmond, Jr. in the 1850s, Thurmond established the land agent firm of Thurmond & Co., specializing in land location and recovery for out-of-state businessmen. The land agency became his primary focus after the Civil War, until his death, probably in the late 1890s or early 1900s.
Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.
Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette,"http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/TT/fth39.html (accessed August 3, 2010).
Correspondence and letterpresses, legal papers, receipts and drafts, and printed material comprise the Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918. The collection primarily concerns Thurmond’s land agent firm, Thurmond & Co., focusing on land recovery and location in Victoria, Dewitt, and Jackson counties. Furthermore, the correspondence and legal papers pertain to the sale of livestock, his general mercantile businesses, and Thurmond’s work as Victoria County tax collector and sheriff. Additional correspondence relate to other land agents and attorneys, including A. J. Cunningham, John McDougall of the Texas Land Agency of New Orleans, A. B. Peticolas, S. M. Scott, the Menefee family, A. P. Thurmond, and Alfred S. Thurmond. Materials consist of legal papers with deeds, agreements, field notes, powers of attorney; receipts and drafts with land transactions, tax documents, rent collections, and financial accounts; printed material with a wedding invitation, a brief, and blank forms; and business correspondence with correspondence, survey plats, promissory notes, a notebook, and genealogical material.
This collection is open for research use.
Columbus Lafayette Thurmond Papers, 1829-1918, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Revisions were made by Larry Cook, July 1983.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers